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[th/libnm-get-private] libnm: embed private structure in NMSetting and avoid g_type_class_add_private()

Thomas Haller requested to merge th/libnm-get-private into main

Quote commit message:

libnm: embed private structure in NMSetting and avoid g_type_class_add_private()

Historically, the NMSetting types were in public headers. Theoretically,
that allowed users to subtype our classes. However in practice that was
impossible because they lacked required access to internal functions to
fully create an NMSetting class outside of libnm.  And it also was not
useful, because you simply cannot extend libnm by subtyping a libnm
class and supporting such a use case would be hard and limit what we can

Having GObject structs in public headers also require that we don't
change it's layout. The ABI of those structs must not change, if anybody
out there was actually subclassing our GObjects.

In libnm 1.34 (commit e46d484fae9e ('libnm: hide NMSetting types from
public headers')) we moved the structs from headers to internal.
This would have caused a compiler error if anybody was using those
struct definitions. However, we still didn't change the ABI/layout so
that we didn't break users who relied on it (for whatever reason).

It doesn't seem there were any affected user (and it really makes no
sense). We waited long enough. Change internal ABI.

No longer use g_type_class_add_private(). Instead, embed the private
structs directly (_NM_GET_PRIVATE()) or indirectly
(_NM_GET_PRIVATE_PTR()) in the object.

The main benefit is for debugging in the debugger, where we can now
easily find the private data. Previously that was so cumbersome to be
effectively impossible.

It's also the fastest possible way, since NM_SETTING_*_GET_PRIVATE()
literally resolves to "&self->_priv" (plus an nm_assert() for type

_NM_GET_PRIVATE() also propagates constness and requires that the
argument is a compatible pointer type (at compile time).

Note that g_type_class_add_private() is also deprecated in glib 2.58 and
replaced by G_ADD_PRIVATE(). For one, we still don't rely on 2.58. Also,
G_ADD_PRIVATE() is a worse solution as it supports a usecase that we
don't care for (public structs in headers). _NM_GET_PRIVATE() is still
faster, works with older glib and most importantly: is better for
debugging as you can find the private data from an object pointer.

For NMSettingIPConfig this is rather awkward, because all direct
properties require a common "klass->private_offset". This was however
the case before this change. Nothing new here.  And if you ever touch
this and do something wrong, many unit tests will fail. It's almost
impossible to get wrong, albeit it can be confusing to understand.
Edited by Thomas Haller

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