linux-dmabuf-unstable-v1.xml 18 KB
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<protocol name="linux_dmabuf_unstable_v1">

  <copyright>
    Copyright © 2014, 2015 Collabora, Ltd.

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    Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
    copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
    to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
    the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
    and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
    Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

    The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
    paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
    Software.

    THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
    IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
    FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
    THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
    LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
    FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
    DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
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  </copyright>

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  <interface name="zwp_linux_dmabuf_v1" version="3">
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    <description summary="factory for creating dmabuf-based wl_buffers">
      Following the interfaces from:
      https://www.khronos.org/registry/egl/extensions/EXT/EGL_EXT_image_dma_buf_import.txt
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      https://www.khronos.org/registry/EGL/extensions/EXT/EGL_EXT_image_dma_buf_import_modifiers.txt
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      and the Linux DRM sub-system's AddFb2 ioctl.

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      This interface offers ways to create generic dmabuf-based
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      wl_buffers. Immediately after a client binds to this interface,
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      the set of supported formats and format modifiers is sent with
      'format' and 'modifier' events.
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      The following are required from clients:

      - Clients must ensure that either all data in the dma-buf is
        coherent for all subsequent read access or that coherency is
        correctly handled by the underlying kernel-side dma-buf
        implementation.

      - Don't make any more attachments after sending the buffer to the
        compositor. Making more attachments later increases the risk of
        the compositor not being able to use (re-import) an existing
        dmabuf-based wl_buffer.

      The underlying graphics stack must ensure the following:

      - The dmabuf file descriptors relayed to the server will stay valid
        for the whole lifetime of the wl_buffer. This means the server may
        at any time use those fds to import the dmabuf into any kernel
        sub-system that might accept it.

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      However, when the underlying graphics stack fails to deliver the
      promise, because of e.g. a device hot-unplug which raises internal
      errors, after the wl_buffer has been successfully created the
      compositor must not raise protocol errors to the client when dmabuf
      import later fails.

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      To create a wl_buffer from one or more dmabufs, a client creates a
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      zwp_linux_dmabuf_params_v1 object with a zwp_linux_dmabuf_v1.create_params
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      request. All planes required by the intended format are added with
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      the 'add' request. Finally, a 'create' or 'create_immed' request is
      issued, which has the following outcome depending on the import success.

      The 'create' request,
      - on success, triggers a 'created' event which provides the final
        wl_buffer to the client.
      - on failure, triggers a 'failed' event to convey that the server
        cannot use the dmabufs received from the client.

      For the 'create_immed' request,
      - on success, the server immediately imports the added dmabufs to
        create a wl_buffer. No event is sent from the server in this case.
      - on failure, the server can choose to either:
        - terminate the client by raising a fatal error.
        - mark the wl_buffer as failed, and send a 'failed' event to the
          client. If the client uses a failed wl_buffer as an argument to any
          request, the behaviour is compositor implementation-defined.
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      Warning! The protocol described in this file is experimental and
      backward incompatible changes may be made. Backward compatible changes
      may be added together with the corresponding interface version bump.
      Backward incompatible changes are done by bumping the version number in
      the protocol and interface names and resetting the interface version.
      Once the protocol is to be declared stable, the 'z' prefix and the
      version number in the protocol and interface names are removed and the
      interface version number is reset.
    </description>

    <request name="destroy" type="destructor">
      <description summary="unbind the factory">
        Objects created through this interface, especially wl_buffers, will
        remain valid.
      </description>
    </request>

    <request name="create_params">
      <description summary="create a temporary object for buffer parameters">
        This temporary object is used to collect multiple dmabuf handles into
        a single batch to create a wl_buffer. It can only be used once and
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        should be destroyed after a 'created' or 'failed' event has been
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        received.
      </description>
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      <arg name="params_id" type="new_id" interface="zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1"
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           summary="the new temporary"/>
    </request>

    <event name="format">
      <description summary="supported buffer format">
        This event advertises one buffer format that the server supports.
        All the supported formats are advertised once when the client
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        binds to this interface. A roundtrip after binding guarantees
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        that the client has received all supported formats.

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        For the definition of the format codes, see the
        zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1::create request.
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        Warning: the 'format' event is likely to be deprecated and replaced
        with the 'modifier' event introduced in zwp_linux_dmabuf_v1
        version 3, described below. Please refrain from using the information
        received from this event.
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      </description>
      <arg name="format" type="uint" summary="DRM_FORMAT code"/>
    </event>
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    <event name="modifier" since="3">
      <description summary="supported buffer format modifier">
        This event advertises the formats that the server supports, along with
        the modifiers supported for each format. All the supported modifiers
        for all the supported formats are advertised once when the client
        binds to this interface. A roundtrip after binding guarantees that
        the client has received all supported format-modifier pairs.

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        For legacy support, DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID (that is, modifier_hi ==
        0x00ffffff and modifier_lo == 0xffffffff) is allowed in this event.
        It indicates that the server can support the format with an implicit
        modifier. When a plane has DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID as its modifier, it
        is as if no explicit modifier is specified. The effective modifier
        will be derived from the dmabuf.

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        A compositor that sends valid modifiers and DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID for
        a given format supports both explicit modifiers and implicit modifiers.

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        For the definition of the format and modifier codes, see the
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        zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1::create and zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1::add
        requests.
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      </description>
      <arg name="format" type="uint" summary="DRM_FORMAT code"/>
      <arg name="modifier_hi" type="uint"
           summary="high 32 bits of layout modifier"/>
      <arg name="modifier_lo" type="uint"
           summary="low 32 bits of layout modifier"/>
    </event>
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  </interface>

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  <interface name="zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1" version="3">
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    <description summary="parameters for creating a dmabuf-based wl_buffer">
      This temporary object is a collection of dmabufs and other
      parameters that together form a single logical buffer. The temporary
      object may eventually create one wl_buffer unless cancelled by
      destroying it before requesting 'create'.

      Single-planar formats only require one dmabuf, however
      multi-planar formats may require more than one dmabuf. For all
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      formats, an 'add' request must be called once per plane (even if the
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      underlying dmabuf fd is identical).

      You must use consecutive plane indices ('plane_idx' argument for 'add')
      from zero to the number of planes used by the drm_fourcc format code.
      All planes required by the format must be given exactly once, but can
      be given in any order. Each plane index can be set only once.
    </description>

    <enum name="error">
      <entry name="already_used" value="0"
             summary="the dmabuf_batch object has already been used to create a wl_buffer"/>
      <entry name="plane_idx" value="1"
             summary="plane index out of bounds"/>
      <entry name="plane_set" value="2"
             summary="the plane index was already set"/>
      <entry name="incomplete" value="3"
             summary="missing or too many planes to create a buffer"/>
      <entry name="invalid_format" value="4"
             summary="format not supported"/>
      <entry name="invalid_dimensions" value="5"
             summary="invalid width or height"/>
      <entry name="out_of_bounds" value="6"
             summary="offset + stride * height goes out of dmabuf bounds"/>
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      <entry name="invalid_wl_buffer" value="7"
             summary="invalid wl_buffer resulted from importing dmabufs via
               the create_immed request on given buffer_params"/>
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    </enum>

    <request name="destroy" type="destructor">
      <description summary="delete this object, used or not">
        Cleans up the temporary data sent to the server for dmabuf-based
        wl_buffer creation.
      </description>
    </request>

    <request name="add">
      <description summary="add a dmabuf to the temporary set">
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        This request adds one dmabuf to the set in this
        zwp_linux_buffer_params_v1.
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        The 64-bit unsigned value combined from modifier_hi and modifier_lo
        is the dmabuf layout modifier. DRM AddFB2 ioctl calls this the
        fb modifier, which is defined in drm_mode.h of Linux UAPI.
        This is an opaque token. Drivers use this token to express tiling,
        compression, etc. driver-specific modifications to the base format
        defined by the DRM fourcc code.

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        Warning: It should be an error if the format/modifier pair was not
        advertised with the modifier event. This is not enforced yet because
        some implementations always accept DRM_FORMAT_MOD_INVALID. Also
        version 2 of this protocol does not have the modifier event.

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        This request raises the PLANE_IDX error if plane_idx is too large.
        The error PLANE_SET is raised if attempting to set a plane that
        was already set.
      </description>
      <arg name="fd" type="fd" summary="dmabuf fd"/>
      <arg name="plane_idx" type="uint" summary="plane index"/>
      <arg name="offset" type="uint" summary="offset in bytes"/>
      <arg name="stride" type="uint" summary="stride in bytes"/>
      <arg name="modifier_hi" type="uint"
           summary="high 32 bits of layout modifier"/>
      <arg name="modifier_lo" type="uint"
           summary="low 32 bits of layout modifier"/>
    </request>

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    <enum name="flags" bitfield="true">
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      <entry name="y_invert" value="1" summary="contents are y-inverted"/>
      <entry name="interlaced" value="2" summary="content is interlaced"/>
      <entry name="bottom_first" value="4" summary="bottom field first"/>
    </enum>

    <request name="create">
      <description summary="create a wl_buffer from the given dmabufs">
        This asks for creation of a wl_buffer from the added dmabuf
        buffers. The wl_buffer is not created immediately but returned via
        the 'created' event if the dmabuf sharing succeeds. The sharing
        may fail at runtime for reasons a client cannot predict, in
        which case the 'failed' event is triggered.

        The 'format' argument is a DRM_FORMAT code, as defined by the
        libdrm's drm_fourcc.h. The Linux kernel's DRM sub-system is the
        authoritative source on how the format codes should work.

        The 'flags' is a bitfield of the flags defined in enum "flags".
        'y_invert' means the that the image needs to be y-flipped.

        Flag 'interlaced' means that the frame in the buffer is not
        progressive as usual, but interlaced. An interlaced buffer as
        supported here must always contain both top and bottom fields.
        The top field always begins on the first pixel row. The temporal
        ordering between the two fields is top field first, unless
        'bottom_first' is specified. It is undefined whether 'bottom_first'
        is ignored if 'interlaced' is not set.

        This protocol does not convey any information about field rate,
        duration, or timing, other than the relative ordering between the
        two fields in one buffer. A compositor may have to estimate the
        intended field rate from the incoming buffer rate. It is undefined
        whether the time of receiving wl_surface.commit with a new buffer
        attached, applying the wl_surface state, wl_surface.frame callback
        trigger, presentation, or any other point in the compositor cycle
        is used to measure the frame or field times. There is no support
        for detecting missed or late frames/fields/buffers either, and
        there is no support whatsoever for cooperating with interlaced
        compositor output.

        The composited image quality resulting from the use of interlaced
        buffers is explicitly undefined. A compositor may use elaborate
        hardware features or software to deinterlace and create progressive
        output frames from a sequence of interlaced input buffers, or it
        may produce substandard image quality. However, compositors that
        cannot guarantee reasonable image quality in all cases are recommended
        to just reject all interlaced buffers.

        Any argument errors, including non-positive width or height,
        mismatch between the number of planes and the format, bad
        format, bad offset or stride, may be indicated by fatal protocol
        errors: INCOMPLETE, INVALID_FORMAT, INVALID_DIMENSIONS,
        OUT_OF_BOUNDS.

        Dmabuf import errors in the server that are not obvious client
        bugs are returned via the 'failed' event as non-fatal. This
        allows attempting dmabuf sharing and falling back in the client
        if it fails.

        This request can be sent only once in the object's lifetime, after
        which the only legal request is destroy. This object should be
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        destroyed after issuing a 'create' request. Attempting to use this
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        object after issuing 'create' raises ALREADY_USED protocol error.

        It is not mandatory to issue 'create'. If a client wants to
        cancel the buffer creation, it can just destroy this object.
      </description>
      <arg name="width" type="int" summary="base plane width in pixels"/>
      <arg name="height" type="int" summary="base plane height in pixels"/>
      <arg name="format" type="uint" summary="DRM_FORMAT code"/>
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      <arg name="flags" type="uint" enum="flags" summary="see enum flags"/>
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    </request>

    <event name="created">
      <description summary="buffer creation succeeded">
        This event indicates that the attempted buffer creation was
        successful. It provides the new wl_buffer referencing the dmabuf(s).

        Upon receiving this event, the client should destroy the
        zlinux_dmabuf_params object.
      </description>
      <arg name="buffer" type="new_id" interface="wl_buffer"
           summary="the newly created wl_buffer"/>
    </event>

    <event name="failed">
      <description summary="buffer creation failed">
        This event indicates that the attempted buffer creation has
        failed. It usually means that one of the dmabuf constraints
        has not been fulfilled.

        Upon receiving this event, the client should destroy the
        zlinux_buffer_params object.
      </description>
    </event>
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    <request name="create_immed" since="2">
      <description summary="immediately create a wl_buffer from the given
                     dmabufs">
        This asks for immediate creation of a wl_buffer by importing the
        added dmabufs.

        In case of import success, no event is sent from the server, and the
        wl_buffer is ready to be used by the client.

        Upon import failure, either of the following may happen, as seen fit
        by the implementation:
        - the client is terminated with one of the following fatal protocol
          errors:
          - INCOMPLETE, INVALID_FORMAT, INVALID_DIMENSIONS, OUT_OF_BOUNDS,
            in case of argument errors such as mismatch between the number
            of planes and the format, bad format, non-positive width or
            height, or bad offset or stride.
          - INVALID_WL_BUFFER, in case the cause for failure is unknown or
            plaform specific.
        - the server creates an invalid wl_buffer, marks it as failed and
          sends a 'failed' event to the client. The result of using this
          invalid wl_buffer as an argument in any request by the client is
          defined by the compositor implementation.

        This takes the same arguments as a 'create' request, and obeys the
        same restrictions.
      </description>
      <arg name="buffer_id" type="new_id" interface="wl_buffer"
           summary="id for the newly created wl_buffer"/>
      <arg name="width" type="int" summary="base plane width in pixels"/>
      <arg name="height" type="int" summary="base plane height in pixels"/>
      <arg name="format" type="uint" summary="DRM_FORMAT code"/>
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      <arg name="flags" type="uint" enum="flags" summary="see enum flags"/>
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    </request>

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  </interface>

</protocol>