Compiling and Installing
- Prerequisites for building
- Building with autoconf (Linux/Unix/X11)
- Building with SCons (Windows/Linux)
- Building for other systems
- Library Information
- Building OpenGL programs with pkg-config
1. Prerequisites for building
- lex / yacc - for building the GLSL compiler.
On Linux systems, flex and bison are used.
Versions 2.5.35 and 2.4.1, respectively, (or later) should work.
On Windows with MinGW, install flex and bison with:
mingw-get install msys-flex msys-bison
- python - Python is needed for building the Gallium components.
Version 2.6.4 or later should work.
To build OpenGL ES 1.1 and 2.0 you'll also need libxml2-python.
1.2 For DRI and hardware acceleration
The following are required for DRI-based hardware acceleration with Mesa:
- dri2proto version 2.6 or later
- libDRM version 2.4.33 or later
- Xorg server version 1.5 or later
- Linux 2.6.28 or later
If you're using a fedora distro the following command should install all the needed dependencies:
sudo yum install flex bison imake libtool xorg-x11-proto-devel libdrm-devel \ gcc-c++ xorg-x11-server-devel libXi-devel libXmu-devel libXdamage-devel git \ expat-devel llvm-devel
2. Building with autoconf (Linux/Unix/X11)
The primary method to build Mesa on Unix systems is with autoconf.
The general approach is the standard:
./configure make sudo make install
But please read the detailed autoconf instructions for more details.
3. Building with SCons (Windows/Linux)
To build Mesa with SCons on Linux or Windows do
The build output will be placed in build/platform-machine-debug/..., where platform is for example linux or windows, machine is x86 or x86_64, optionally followed by -debug for debug builds.
To build Mesa with SCons for Windows on Linux using the MinGW crosscompiler toolchain do
scons platform=windows toolchain=crossmingw machine=x86 mesagdi libgl-gdi
This will create:
- build/windows-x86-debug/mesa/drivers/windows/gdi/opengl32.dll — Mesa + swrast, binary compatible with Windows's opengl32.dll
- build/windows-x86-debug/gallium/targets/libgl-gdi/opengl32.dll — Mesa + Gallium + softpipe, binary compatible with Windows's opengl32.dll
Put them all in the same directory to test them.
4. Building for other systems
Documentation for other environments (some may be very out of date):
5. Library Information
When compilation has finished, look in the top-level
You'll see a set of library files similar to this:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 brian users 10 Mar 26 07:53 libGL.so -> libGL.so.1* lrwxrwxrwx 1 brian users 19 Mar 26 07:53 libGL.so.1 -> libGL.so.1.5.060100* -rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 3375861 Mar 26 07:53 libGL.so.1.5.060100* lrwxrwxrwx 1 brian users 14 Mar 26 07:53 libOSMesa.so -> libOSMesa.so.6* lrwxrwxrwx 1 brian users 23 Mar 26 07:53 libOSMesa.so.6 -> libOSMesa.so.6.1.060100* -rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 23871 Mar 26 07:53 libOSMesa.so.6.1.060100*
libGL is the main OpenGL library (i.e. Mesa).
libOSMesa is the OSMesa (Off-Screen) interface library.
If you built the DRI hardware drivers, you'll also see the DRI drivers:
-rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 16895413 Jul 21 12:11 i915_dri.so -rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 16895413 Jul 21 12:11 i965_dri.so -rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 11849858 Jul 21 12:12 r200_dri.so -rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 16050488 Jul 21 12:11 r300_dri.so -rwxr-xr-x 1 brian users 11757388 Jul 21 12:12 radeon_dri.so
If you built with Gallium support, look in lib/gallium/ for Gallium-based versions of libGL and device drivers.
6. Building OpenGL programs with pkg-config
make install will install package configuration files
for the pkg-config utility.
When compiling your OpenGL application you can use pkg-config to determine the proper compiler and linker flags.
For example, compiling and linking a GLUT application can be done with:
gcc `pkg-config --cflags --libs glut` mydemo.c -o mydemo