Commit 203d3d4a authored by Zhang Rui's avatar Zhang Rui Committed by Len Brown

the generic thermal sysfs driver

The Generic Thermal sysfs driver for thermal management.
Signed-off-by: default avatarZhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Sujith <sujith.thomas@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLen Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
parent aa629992
Generic Thermal Sysfs driver How To
=========================
Written by Sujith Thomas <sujith.thomas@intel.com>, Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Updated: 2 January 2008
Copyright (c) 2008 Intel Corporation
0. Introduction
The generic thermal sysfs provides a set of interfaces for thermal zone devices (sensors)
and thermal cooling devices (fan, processor...) to register with the thermal management
solution and to be a part of it.
This how-to focusses on enabling new thermal zone and cooling devices to participate
in thermal management.
This solution is platform independent and any type of thermal zone devices and
cooling devices should be able to make use of the infrastructure.
The main task of the thermal sysfs driver is to expose thermal zone attributes as well
as cooling device attributes to the user space.
An intelligent thermal management application can make decisions based on inputs
from thermal zone attributes (the current temperature and trip point temperature)
and throttle appropriate devices.
[0-*] denotes any positive number starting from 0
[1-*] denotes any positive number starting from 1
1. thermal sysfs driver interface functions
1.1 thermal zone device interface
1.1.1 struct thermal_zone_device *thermal_zone_device_register(char *name, int trips,
void *devdata, struct thermal_zone_device_ops *ops)
This interface function adds a new thermal zone device (sensor) to
/sys/class/thermal folder as thermal_zone[0-*].
It tries to bind all the thermal cooling devices registered at the same time.
name: the thermal zone name.
trips: the total number of trip points this thermal zone supports.
devdata: device private data
ops: thermal zone device callbacks.
.bind: bind the thermal zone device with a thermal cooling device.
.unbind: unbing the thermal zone device with a thermal cooling device.
.get_temp: get the current temperature of the thermal zone.
.get_mode: get the current mode (user/kernel) of the thermal zone.
"kernel" means thermal management is done in kernel.
"user" will prevent kernel thermal driver actions upon trip points
so that user applications can take charge of thermal management.
.set_mode: set the mode (user/kernel) of the thermal zone.
.get_trip_type: get the type of certain trip point.
.get_trip_temp: get the temperature above which the certain trip point
will be fired.
1.1.2 void thermal_zone_device_unregister(struct thermal_zone_device *tz)
This interface function removes the thermal zone device.
It deletes the corresponding entry form /sys/class/thermal folder and unbind all
the thermal cooling devices it uses.
1.2 thermal cooling device interface
1.2.1 struct thermal_cooling_device *thermal_cooling_device_register(char *name,
void *devdata, struct thermal_cooling_device_ops *)
This interface function adds a new thermal cooling device (fan/processor/...) to
/sys/class/thermal/ folder as cooling_device[0-*].
It tries to bind itself to all the thermal zone devices register at the same time.
name: the cooling device name.
devdata: device private data.
ops: thermal cooling devices callbacks.
.get_max_state: get the Maximum throttle state of the cooling device.
.get_cur_state: get the Current throttle state of the cooling device.
.set_cur_state: set the Current throttle state of the cooling device.
1.2.2 void thermal_cooling_device_unregister(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev)
This interface function remove the thermal cooling device.
It deletes the corresponding entry form /sys/class/thermal folder and unbind
itself from all the thermal zone devices using it.
1.3 interface for binding a thermal zone device with a thermal cooling device
1.3.1 int thermal_zone_bind_cooling_device(struct thermal_zone_device *tz,
int trip, struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev);
This interface function bind a thermal cooling device to the certain trip point
of a thermal zone device.
This function is usually called in the thermal zone device .bind callback.
tz: the thermal zone device
cdev: thermal cooling device
trip: indicates which trip point the cooling devices is associated with
in this thermal zone.
1.3.2 int thermal_zone_unbind_cooling_device(struct thermal_zone_device *tz,
int trip, struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev);
This interface function unbind a thermal cooling device from the certain trip point
of a thermal zone device.
This function is usually called in the thermal zone device .unbind callback.
tz: the thermal zone device
cdev: thermal cooling device
trip: indicates which trip point the cooling devices is associated with
in this thermal zone.
2. sysfs attributes structure
RO read only value
RW read/write value
All thermal sysfs attributes will be represented under /sys/class/thermal
/sys/class/thermal/
Thermal zone device sys I/F, created once it's registered:
|thermal_zone[0-*]:
|-----type: Type of the thermal zone
|-----temp: Current temperature
|-----mode: Working mode of the thermal zone
|-----trip_point_[0-*]_temp: Trip point temperature
|-----trip_point_[0-*]_type: Trip point type
Thermal cooling device sys I/F, created once it's registered:
|cooling_device[0-*]:
|-----type : Type of the cooling device(processor/fan/...)
|-----max_state: Maximum cooling state of the cooling device
|-----cur_state: Current cooling state of the cooling device
These two dynamic attributes are created/removed in pairs.
They represent the relationship between a thermal zone and its associated cooling device.
They are created/removed for each
thermal_zone_bind_cooling_device/thermal_zone_unbind_cooling_device successful exection.
|thermal_zone[0-*]
|-----cdev[0-*]: The [0-*]th cooling device in the current thermal zone
|-----cdev[0-*]_trip_point: Trip point that cdev[0-*] is associated with
***************************
* Thermal zone attributes *
***************************
type Strings which represent the thermal zone type.
This is given by thermal zone driver as part of registration.
Eg: "ACPI thermal zone" indicates it's a ACPI thermal device
RO
Optional
temp Current temperature as reported by thermal zone (sensor)
Unit: degree celsius
RO
Required
mode One of the predifned values in [kernel, user]
This file gives information about the algorithm
that is currently managing the thermal zone.
It can be either default kernel based algorithm
or user space application.
RW
Optional
kernel = Thermal management in kernel thermal zone driver.
user = Preventing kernel thermal zone driver actions upon
trip points so that user application can take full
charge of the thermal management.
trip_point_[0-*]_temp The temperature above which trip point will be fired
Unit: degree celsius
RO
Optional
trip_point_[0-*]_type Strings which indicate the type of the trip point
Eg. it can be one of critical, hot, passive,
active[0-*] for ACPI thermal zone.
RO
Optional
cdev[0-*] Sysfs link to the thermal cooling device node where the sys I/F
for cooling device throttling control represents.
RO
Optional
cdev[0-*]_trip_point The trip point with which cdev[0-*] is assocated in this thermal zone
-1 means the cooling device is not associated with any trip point.
RO
Optional
******************************
* Cooling device attributes *
******************************
type String which represents the type of device
eg: For generic ACPI: this should be "Fan",
"Processor" or "LCD"
eg. For memory controller device on intel_menlow platform:
this should be "Memory controller"
RO
Optional
max_state The maximum permissible cooling state of this cooling device.
RO
Required
cur_state The current cooling state of this cooling device.
the value can any integer numbers between 0 and max_state,
cur_state == 0 means no cooling
cur_state == max_state means the maximum cooling.
RW
Required
3. A simple implementation
ACPI thermal zone may support multiple trip points like critical/hot/passive/active.
If an ACPI thermal zone supports critical, passive, active[0] and active[1] at the same time,
it may register itself as a thermale_zone_device (thermal_zone1) with 4 trip points in all.
It has one processor and one fan, which are both registered as thermal_cooling_device.
If the processor is listed in _PSL method, and the fan is listed in _AL0 method,
the sys I/F structure will be built like this:
/sys/class/thermal:
|thermal_zone1:
|-----type: ACPI thermal zone
|-----temp: 37
|-----mode: kernel
|-----trip_point_0_temp: 100
|-----trip_point_0_type: critical
|-----trip_point_1_temp: 80
|-----trip_point_1_type: passive
|-----trip_point_2_temp: 70
|-----trip_point_2_type: active[0]
|-----trip_point_3_temp: 60
|-----trip_point_3_type: active[1]
|-----cdev0: --->/sys/class/thermal/cooling_device0
|-----cdev0_trip_point: 1 /* cdev0 can be used for passive */
|-----cdev1: --->/sys/class/thermal/cooling_device3
|-----cdev1_trip_point: 2 /* cdev1 can be used for active[0]*/
|cooling_device0:
|-----type: Processor
|-----max_state: 8
|-----cur_state: 0
|cooling_device3:
|-----type: Fan
|-----max_state: 2
|-----cur_state: 0
......@@ -58,6 +58,8 @@ source "drivers/power/Kconfig"
source "drivers/hwmon/Kconfig"
source "drivers/thermal/Kconfig"
source "drivers/watchdog/Kconfig"
source "drivers/ssb/Kconfig"
......
......@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ obj-y += i2c/
obj-$(CONFIG_W1) += w1/
obj-$(CONFIG_POWER_SUPPLY) += power/
obj-$(CONFIG_HWMON) += hwmon/
obj-$(CONFIG_THERMAL) += thermal/
obj-$(CONFIG_WATCHDOG) += watchdog/
obj-$(CONFIG_PHONE) += telephony/
obj-$(CONFIG_MD) += md/
......
#
# Generic thermal sysfs drivers configuration
#
menuconfig THERMAL
bool "Generic Thermal sysfs driver"
default y
help
Generic Thermal Sysfs driver offers a generic mechanism for
thermal management. Usually it's made up of one or more thermal
zone and cooling device.
each thermal zone contains its own temperature, trip points,
cooling devices.
All platforms with ACPI thermal support can use this driver.
If you want this support, you should say Y here
#
# Makefile for sensor chip drivers.
#
obj-$(CONFIG_THERMAL) += thermal.o
This diff is collapsed.
/*
* thermal.h ($Revision: 0 $)
*
* Copyright (C) 2008 Intel Corp
* Copyright (C) 2008 Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
* Copyright (C) 2008 Sujith Thomas <sujith.thomas@intel.com>
*
* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
* WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
* with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
* 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
*
* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
*/
#ifndef __THERMAL_H__
#define __THERMAL_H__
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
struct thermal_zone_device;
struct thermal_cooling_device;
struct thermal_zone_device_ops {
int (*bind) (struct thermal_zone_device *,
struct thermal_cooling_device *);
int (*unbind) (struct thermal_zone_device *,
struct thermal_cooling_device *);
int (*get_temp) (struct thermal_zone_device *, char *);
int (*get_mode) (struct thermal_zone_device *, char *);
int (*set_mode) (struct thermal_zone_device *, const char *);
int (*get_trip_type) (struct thermal_zone_device *, int, char *);
int (*get_trip_temp) (struct thermal_zone_device *, int, char *);
};
struct thermal_cooling_device_ops {
int (*get_max_state) (struct thermal_cooling_device *, char *);
int (*get_cur_state) (struct thermal_cooling_device *, char *);
int (*set_cur_state) (struct thermal_cooling_device *, unsigned int);
};
#define THERMAL_TRIPS_NONE -1
#define THERMAL_MAX_TRIPS 10
#define THERMAL_NAME_LENGTH 20
struct thermal_cooling_device {
int id;
char type[THERMAL_NAME_LENGTH];
struct device device;
void *devdata;
struct thermal_cooling_device_ops *ops;
struct list_head node;
};
struct thermal_zone_device {
int id;
char type[THERMAL_NAME_LENGTH];
struct device device;
void *devdata;
int trips;
struct thermal_zone_device_ops *ops;
struct list_head cooling_devices;
struct idr idr;
struct mutex lock; /* protect cooling devices list */
struct list_head node;
};
struct thermal_zone_device *thermal_zone_device_register(char *, int, void *,
struct thermal_zone_device_ops *);
void thermal_zone_device_unregister(struct thermal_zone_device *);
int thermal_zone_bind_cooling_device(struct thermal_zone_device *, int,
struct thermal_cooling_device *);
int thermal_zone_unbind_cooling_device(struct thermal_zone_device *, int,
struct thermal_cooling_device *);
struct thermal_cooling_device *thermal_cooling_device_register(char *, void *,
struct thermal_cooling_device_ops *);
void thermal_cooling_device_unregister(struct thermal_cooling_device *);
#endif /* __THERMAL_H__ */
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment