Commit f6ab1f7f authored by Huang Ying's avatar Huang Ying Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm, swap: use offset of swap entry as key of swap cache

This patch is to improve the performance of swap cache operations when
the type of the swap device is not 0.  Originally, the whole swap entry
value is used as the key of the swap cache, even though there is one
radix tree for each swap device.  If the type of the swap device is not
0, the height of the radix tree of the swap cache will be increased
unnecessary, especially on 64bit architecture.  For example, for a 1GB
swap device on the x86_64 architecture, the height of the radix tree of
the swap cache is 11.  But if the offset of the swap entry is used as
the key of the swap cache, the height of the radix tree of the swap
cache is 4.  The increased height causes unnecessary radix tree
descending and increased cache footprint.

This patch reduces the height of the radix tree of the swap cache via
using the offset of the swap entry instead of the whole swap entry value
as the key of the swap cache.  In 32 processes sequential swap out test
case on a Xeon E5 v3 system with RAM disk as swap, the lock contention
for the spinlock of the swap cache is reduced from 20.15% to 12.19%,
when the type of the swap device is 1.

Use the whole swap entry as key,

  perf-profile.calltrace.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock_irq.__add_to_swap_cache.add_to_swap_cache.add_to_swap.shrink_page_list: 10.37,
  perf-profile.calltrace.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock_irqsave.__remove_mapping.shrink_page_list.shrink_inactive_list.shrink_node_memcg: 9.78,

Use the swap offset as key,

  perf-profile.calltrace.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock_irq.__add_to_swap_cache.add_to_swap_cache.add_to_swap.shrink_page_list: 6.25,
  perf-profile.calltrace.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock_irqsave.__remove_mapping.shrink_page_list.shrink_inactive_list.shrink_node_memcg: 5.94,

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1473270649-27229-1-git-send-email-ying.huang@intel.comSigned-off-by: default avatar"Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 87744ab3
......@@ -1048,19 +1048,19 @@ struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page)
return page->mapping;
}
extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page);
/*
* Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages
* use ->index whereas swapcache pages use ->private
* use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private)
*/
static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page)
{
if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page)))
return page_private(page);
return __page_file_index(page);
return page->index;
}
extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page);
/*
* Return the file index of the page. Regular pagecache pages use ->index
* whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private)
......
......@@ -4408,7 +4408,7 @@ static struct page *mc_handle_swap_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* Because lookup_swap_cache() updates some statistics counter,
* we call find_get_page() with swapper_space directly.
*/
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(ent), ent.val);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(ent), swp_offset(ent));
if (do_memsw_account())
entry->val = ent.val;
......@@ -4446,7 +4446,8 @@ static struct page *mc_handle_file_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
swp_entry_t swp = radix_to_swp_entry(page);
if (do_memsw_account())
*entry = swp;
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(swp), swp.val);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(swp),
swp_offset(swp));
}
} else
page = find_get_page(mapping, pgoff);
......
......@@ -66,7 +66,8 @@ static unsigned char mincore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t pgoff)
*/
if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
swp_entry_t swp = radix_to_swp_entry(page);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(swp), swp.val);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(swp),
swp_offset(swp));
}
} else
page = find_get_page(mapping, pgoff);
......@@ -150,7 +151,7 @@ static int mincore_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
} else {
#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
*vec = mincore_page(swap_address_space(entry),
entry.val);
swp_offset(entry));
#else
WARN_ON(1);
*vec = 1;
......
......@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ int __add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry)
address_space = swap_address_space(entry);
spin_lock_irq(&address_space->tree_lock);
error = radix_tree_insert(&address_space->page_tree,
entry.val, page);
swp_offset(entry), page);
if (likely(!error)) {
address_space->nrpages++;
__inc_node_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
......@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page)
entry.val = page_private(page);
address_space = swap_address_space(entry);
radix_tree_delete(&address_space->page_tree, page_private(page));
radix_tree_delete(&address_space->page_tree, swp_offset(entry));
set_page_private(page, 0);
ClearPageSwapCache(page);
address_space->nrpages--;
......@@ -283,7 +283,7 @@ struct page * lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
{
struct page *page;
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(entry), entry.val);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(entry), swp_offset(entry));
if (page) {
INC_CACHE_INFO(find_success);
......@@ -310,7 +310,7 @@ struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
* called after lookup_swap_cache() failed, re-calling
* that would confuse statistics.
*/
found_page = find_get_page(swapper_space, entry.val);
found_page = find_get_page(swapper_space, swp_offset(entry));
if (found_page)
break;
......
......@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ __try_to_reclaim_swap(struct swap_info_struct *si, unsigned long offset)
struct page *page;
int ret = 0;
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(entry), entry.val);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(entry), swp_offset(entry));
if (!page)
return 0;
/*
......@@ -1005,7 +1005,7 @@ int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
if (p) {
if (swap_entry_free(p, entry, 1) == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(entry),
entry.val);
swp_offset(entry));
if (page && !trylock_page(page)) {
put_page(page);
page = NULL;
......
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment