Commit b4734f43 authored by Laurent Pinchart's avatar Laurent Pinchart

drm: rcar-du: Use LVDS PLL clock as dot clock when possible

On selected SoCs, the DU can use the clock output by the LVDS encoder
PLL as its input dot clock. This feature is optional, but on the D3 and
E3 SoC it is often the only way to obtain a precise dot clock frequency,
as the other available clocks (CPG-generated clock and external clock)
usually have fixed rates.

Add a DU model information field to describe which DU channels can use
the LVDS PLL output clock as their input clock, and configure clock
routing accordingly.

This feature is available on H2, M2-W, M2-N, D3 and E3 SoCs, with D3 and
E3 being the primary targets. It is left disabled in this commit, and
will be enabled per-SoC after careful testing.

At the hardware level, clock routing is configured at runtime in two
steps, first selecting an internal dot clock between the LVDS PLL clock
and the external DOTCLKIN clock, and then selecting between the internal
dot clock and the CPG-generated clock. The first part requires stopping
the whole DU group in order for the change to take effect, thus causing
flickering on the screen. For this reason we currently hardcode the
clock source to the LVDS PLL clock if available, and allow flicker-free
selection of the external DOTCLKIN clock or CPG-generated clock
otherwise. A more dynamic clock selection process can be implemented
later if the need arises.
Signed-off-by: default avatarLaurent Pinchart <>
Tested-by: default avatarJacopo Mondi <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJacopo Mondi <>
parent 0bb63534
......@@ -261,6 +261,14 @@ static void rcar_du_crtc_set_display_timing(struct rcar_du_crtc *rcrtc)
rcar_du_group_write(rcrtc->group, DPLLCR, dpllcr);
} else if (rcdu->info->lvds_clk_mask & BIT(rcrtc->index)) {
* Use the LVDS PLL output as the dot clock when outputting to
* the LVDS encoder on an SoC that supports this clock routing
* option. We use the clock directly in that case, without any
* additional divider.
} else {
struct du_clk_params params = { .diff = (unsigned long)-1 };
......@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ struct rcar_du_output_routing {
* @routes: array of CRTC to output routes, indexed by output (RCAR_DU_OUTPUT_*)
* @num_lvds: number of internal LVDS encoders
* @dpll_mask: bit mask of DU channels equipped with a DPLL
* @lvds_clk_mask: bitmask of channels that can use the LVDS clock as dot clock
struct rcar_du_device_info {
unsigned int gen;
......@@ -62,6 +63,7 @@ struct rcar_du_device_info {
struct rcar_du_output_routing routes[RCAR_DU_OUTPUT_MAX];
unsigned int num_lvds;
unsigned int dpll_mask;
unsigned int lvds_clk_mask;
......@@ -89,6 +89,54 @@ static void rcar_du_group_setup_defr8(struct rcar_du_group *rgrp)
rcar_du_group_write(rgrp, DEFR8, defr8);
static void rcar_du_group_setup_didsr(struct rcar_du_group *rgrp)
struct rcar_du_device *rcdu = rgrp->dev;
struct rcar_du_crtc *rcrtc;
unsigned int num_crtcs = 0;
unsigned int i;
u32 didsr;
* Configure input dot clock routing with a hardcoded configuration. If
* the DU channel can use the LVDS encoder output clock as the dot
* clock, do so. Otherwise route DU_DOTCLKINn signal to DUn.
* Each channel can then select between the dot clock configured here
* and the clock provided by the CPG through the ESCR register.
if (rcdu->info->gen < 3 && rgrp->index == 0) {
* On Gen2 a single register in the first group controls dot
* clock selection for all channels.
rcrtc = rcdu->crtcs;
num_crtcs = rcdu->num_crtcs;
} else if (rcdu->info->gen == 3 && rgrp->num_crtcs > 1) {
* On Gen3 dot clocks are setup through per-group registers,
* only available when the group has two channels.
rcrtc = &rcdu->crtcs[rgrp->index * 2];
num_crtcs = rgrp->num_crtcs;
if (!num_crtcs)
didsr = DIDSR_CODE;
for (i = 0; i < num_crtcs; ++i, ++rcrtc) {
if (rcdu->info->lvds_clk_mask & BIT(rcrtc->index))
didsr |= DIDSR_LCDS_LVDS0(i)
rcar_du_group_write(rgrp, DIDSR, didsr);
static void rcar_du_group_setup(struct rcar_du_group *rgrp)
struct rcar_du_device *rcdu = rgrp->dev;
......@@ -106,21 +154,7 @@ static void rcar_du_group_setup(struct rcar_du_group *rgrp)
if (rcar_du_has(rgrp->dev, RCAR_DU_FEATURE_EXT_CTRL_REGS)) {
* Configure input dot clock routing. We currently hardcode the
* configuration to routing DOTCLKINn to DUn. Register fields
* depend on the DU generation, but the resulting value is 0 in
* all cases.
* On Gen2 a single register in the first group controls dot
* clock selection for all channels, while on Gen3 dot clocks
* are setup through per-group registers, only available when
* the group has two channels.
if ((rcdu->info->gen < 3 && rgrp->index == 0) ||
(rcdu->info->gen == 3 && rgrp->num_crtcs > 1))
rcar_du_group_write(rgrp, DIDSR, DIDSR_CODE);
if (rcdu->info->gen >= 3)
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