Commit 8a0cecff authored by David Brownell's avatar David Brownell Committed by Linus Torvalds

gpio: gpio_{request,free}() now required (feature removal)

We want to phase out the GPIO "autorequest" mechanism in gpiolib and
require all callers to use gpio_request().

 - Update feature-removal-schedule
 - Update the documentation now
 - Convert the relevant pr_warning() in gpiolib to a WARN()
   so folk using this mechanism get a noisy stack dump

Some drivers and board init code will probably need to change.
Implementations not using gpiolib will still be fine; they are already
required to implement gpio_{request,free}() stubs.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Brownell <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 926b663c
......@@ -255,6 +255,16 @@ Who: Jan Engelhardt <>
What: GPIO autorequest on gpio_direction_{input,output}() in gpiolib
When: February 2010
Why: All callers should use explicit gpio_request()/gpio_free().
The autorequest mechanism in gpiolib was provided mostly as a
migration aid for legacy GPIO interfaces (for SOC based GPIOs).
Those users have now largely migrated. Platforms implementing
the GPIO interfaces without using gpiolib will see no changes.
Who: David Brownell <>
What: b43 support for firmware revision < 410
When: The schedule was July 2008, but it was decided that we are going to keep the
code as long as there are no major maintanance headaches.
......@@ -123,7 +123,10 @@ platform-specific implementation issue.
Using GPIOs
One of the first things to do with a GPIO, often in board setup code when
The first thing a system should do with a GPIO is allocate it, using
the gpio_request() call; see later.
One of the next things to do with a GPIO, often in board setup code when
setting up a platform_device using the GPIO, is mark its direction:
/* set as input or output, returning 0 or negative errno */
......@@ -141,8 +144,8 @@ This helps avoid signal glitching during system startup.
For compatibility with legacy interfaces to GPIOs, setting the direction
of a GPIO implicitly requests that GPIO (see below) if it has not been
requested already. That compatibility may be removed in the future;
explicitly requesting GPIOs is strongly preferred.
requested already. That compatibility is being removed from the optional
gpiolib framework.
Setting the direction can fail if the GPIO number is invalid, or when
that particular GPIO can't be used in that mode. It's generally a bad
......@@ -195,7 +198,7 @@ This requires sleeping, which can't be done from inside IRQ handlers.
Platforms that support this type of GPIO distinguish them from other GPIOs
by returning nonzero from this call (which requires a valid GPIO number,
either explicitly or implicitly requested):
which should have been previously allocated with gpio_request):
int gpio_cansleep(unsigned gpio);
......@@ -212,10 +215,9 @@ for GPIOs that can't be accessed from IRQ handlers, these calls act the
same as the spinlock-safe calls.
Claiming and Releasing GPIOs (OPTIONAL)
Claiming and Releasing GPIOs
To help catch system configuration errors, two calls are defined.
However, many platforms don't currently support this mechanism.
/* request GPIO, returning 0 or negative errno.
* non-null labels may be useful for diagnostics.
......@@ -244,13 +246,6 @@ Some platforms may also use knowledge about what GPIOs are active for
power management, such as by powering down unused chip sectors and, more
easily, gating off unused clocks.
These two calls are optional because not not all current Linux platforms
offer such functionality in their GPIO support; a valid implementation
could return success for all gpio_request() calls. Unlike the other calls,
the state they represent doesn't normally match anything from a hardware
register; it's just a software bitmap which clearly is not necessary for
correct operation of hardware or (bug free) drivers.
Note that requesting a GPIO does NOT cause it to be configured in any
way; it just marks that GPIO as in use. Separate code must handle any
pin setup (e.g. controlling which pin the GPIO uses, pullup/pulldown).
......@@ -69,20 +69,24 @@ static inline void desc_set_label(struct gpio_desc *d, const char *label)
* those calls have no teeth) we can't avoid autorequesting. This nag
* message should motivate switching to explicit requests... so should
* the weaker cleanup after faults, compared to gpio_request().
* NOTE: the autorequest mechanism is going away; at this point it's
* only "legal" in the sense that (old) code using it won't break yet,
* but instead only triggers a WARN() stack dump.
static int gpio_ensure_requested(struct gpio_desc *desc, unsigned offset)
if (test_and_set_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags) == 0) {
struct gpio_chip *chip = desc->chip;
int gpio = chip->base + offset;
const struct gpio_chip *chip = desc->chip;
const int gpio = chip->base + offset;
if (WARN(test_and_set_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags) == 0,
"autorequest GPIO-%d\n", gpio)) {
if (!try_module_get(chip->owner)) {
pr_err("GPIO-%d: module can't be gotten \n", gpio);
clear_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &desc->flags);
/* lose */
return -EIO;
pr_warning("GPIO-%d autorequested\n", gpio);
desc_set_label(desc, "[auto]");
/* caller must chip->request() w/o spinlock */
if (chip->request)
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