Commit 7a734e7d authored by H. Peter Anvin's avatar H. Peter Anvin Committed by H. Peter Anvin
Browse files

x86, setup: "glove box" BIOS calls -- infrastructure



Impact: new interfaces (not yet used)

For all the platforms out there, there is an infinite number of buggy
BIOSes.  This adds infrastructure to treat BIOS interrupts more like
toxic waste and "glove box" them -- we switch out the register set,
perform the BIOS interrupt, and then restore the previous state.

LKML-Reference: <49DE7F79.4030106@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
parent 62b8e680
......@@ -26,9 +26,10 @@ targets := vmlinux.bin setup.bin setup.elf bzImage
targets += fdimage fdimage144 fdimage288 image.iso mtools.conf
subdir- := compressed
setup-y += a20.o cmdline.o copy.o cpu.o cpucheck.o edd.o
setup-y += a20.o bioscall.o cmdline.o copy.o cpu.o cpucheck.o edd.o
setup-y += header.o main.o mca.o memory.o pm.o pmjump.o
setup-y += printf.o string.o tty.o video.o video-mode.o version.o
setup-y += printf.o regs.o string.o tty.o video.o video-mode.o
setup-y += version.o
setup-$(CONFIG_X86_APM_BOOT) += apm.o
# The link order of the video-*.o modules can matter. In particular,
......
/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation; author H. Peter Anvin
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 or (at your
* option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
*
* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/*
* "Glove box" for BIOS calls. Avoids the constant problems with BIOSes
* touching memory they shouldn't be.
*/
.code16
.text
.globl intcall
.type intcall, @function
intcall:
/* Self-modify the INT instruction. Ugly, but works. */
cmpb %al, 3f
je 1f
movb %al, 3f
jmp 1f /* Synchronize pipeline */
1:
/* Save state */
pushfl
pushw %fs
pushw %gs
pushal
/* Copy input state to stack frame */
subw $44, %sp
movw %dx, %si
movw %sp, %di
movw $11, %cx
rep; movsd
/* Pop full state from the stack */
popal
popw %gs
popw %fs
popw %es
popw %ds
popfl
/* Actual INT */
.byte 0xcd /* INT opcode */
3: .byte 0
/* Push full state to the stack */
pushfl
pushw %ds
pushw %es
pushw %fs
pushw %gs
pushal
/* Re-establish C environment invariants */
cld
movzwl %sp, %esp
movw %cs, %ax
movw %ax, %ds
movw %ax, %es
/* Copy output state from stack frame */
movw 68(%esp), %di /* Original %cx == 3rd argument */
andw %di, %di
jz 4f
movw %sp, %si
movw $11, %cx
rep; movsd
4: addw $44, %sp
/* Restore state and return */
popal
popw %gs
popw %fs
popfl
retl
.size intcall, .-intcall
......@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
* Copyright 2007 rPath, Inc. - All Rights Reserved
* Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation; author H. Peter Anvin
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.
......@@ -26,6 +27,7 @@
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include "bitops.h"
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
/* Useful macros */
#define BUILD_BUG_ON(condition) ((void)sizeof(char[1 - 2*!!(condition)]))
......@@ -241,6 +243,49 @@ int enable_a20(void);
/* apm.c */
int query_apm_bios(void);
/* bioscall.c */
struct biosregs {
union {
struct {
u32 edi;
u32 esi;
u32 ebp;
u32 _esp;
u32 ebx;
u32 edx;
u32 ecx;
u32 eax;
u32 _fsgs;
u32 _dses;
u32 eflags;
};
struct {
u16 di, hdi;
u16 si, hsi;
u16 bp, hbp;
u16 _sp, _hsp;
u16 bx, hbx;
u16 dx, hdx;
u16 cx, hcx;
u16 ax, hax;
u16 gs, fs;
u16 es, ds;
u16 flags, hflags;
};
struct {
u8 dil, dih, edi2, edi3;
u8 sil, sih, esi2, esi3;
u8 bpl, bph, ebp2, ebp3;
u8 _spl, _sph, _esp2, _esp3;
u8 bl, bh, ebx2, ebx3;
u8 dl, dh, edx2, edx3;
u8 cl, ch, ecx2, ecx3;
u8 al, ah, eax2, eax3;
};
};
};
void intcall(u8 int_no, const struct biosregs *ireg, struct biosregs *oreg);
/* cmdline.c */
int cmdline_find_option(const char *option, char *buffer, int bufsize);
int cmdline_find_option_bool(const char *option);
......@@ -279,6 +324,9 @@ int sprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...);
int vsprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, va_list args);
int printf(const char *fmt, ...);
/* regs.c */
void initregs(struct biosregs *regs);
/* string.c */
int strcmp(const char *str1, const char *str2);
size_t strnlen(const char *s, size_t maxlen);
......
......@@ -221,7 +221,7 @@ setup_data: .quad 0 # 64-bit physical pointer to
# End of setup header #####################################################
.section ".inittext", "ax"
.section ".entrytext", "ax"
start_of_setup:
#ifdef SAFE_RESET_DISK_CONTROLLER
# Reset the disk controller.
......
/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation; author H. Peter Anvin
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 or (at your
* option) any later version; incorporated herein by reference.
*
* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/*
* Simple helper function for initializing a register set.
*
* Note that this sets EFLAGS_CF in the input register set; this
* makes it easier to catch functions which do nothing but don't
* explicitly set CF.
*/
#include "boot.h"
void initregs(struct biosregs *reg)
{
memset(reg, 0, sizeof *reg);
reg->eflags |= X86_EFLAGS_CF;
reg->ds = ds();
reg->es = ds();
reg->fs = fs();
reg->gs = gs();
}
......@@ -15,8 +15,11 @@ SECTIONS
. = 497;
.header : { *(.header) }
.entrytext : { *(.entrytext) }
.inittext : { *(.inittext) }
.initdata : { *(.initdata) }
__end_init = .;
.text : { *(.text) }
.text32 : { *(.text32) }
......@@ -52,4 +55,7 @@ SECTIONS
. = ASSERT(_end <= 0x8000, "Setup too big!");
. = ASSERT(hdr == 0x1f1, "The setup header has the wrong offset!");
/* Necessary for the very-old-loader check to work... */
. = ASSERT(__end_init <= 5*512, "init sections too big!");
}
......@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
always := wakeup.bin
targets := wakeup.elf wakeup.lds
wakeup-y += wakeup.o wakemain.o video-mode.o copy.o
wakeup-y += wakeup.o wakemain.o video-mode.o copy.o bioscall.o regs.o
# The link order of the video-*.o modules can matter. In particular,
# video-vga.o *must* be listed first, followed by video-vesa.o.
......
#include "../../../boot/bioscall.S"
#include "../../../boot/regs.c"
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