Commit 72469764 authored by Andi Kleen's avatar Andi Kleen Committed by Ingo Molnar

perf/x86: Use INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST for cycles: ppp

Add a new 'three-p' precise level, that uses INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST as
base. The basic mechanism of abusing the inverse cmask to get all
cycles works the same as before.

PREC_DIST is available on Sandy Bridge or later. It had some problems
on Sandy Bridge, so we only use it on IvyBridge and later. I tested it
on Broadwell and Skylake.

PREC_DIST has special support for avoiding shadow effects, which can
give better results compare to UOPS_RETIRED. The drawback is that
PREC_DIST can only schedule on counter 1, but that is ok for cycle
sampling, as there is normally no need to do multiple cycle sampling
runs in parallel. It is still possible to run perf top in parallel, as
that doesn't use precise mode. Also of course the multiplexing can
still allow parallel operation.

:pp stays with the previous event.

Example:

Sample a loop with 10 sqrt with old cycles:pp

	  0.14 │10:   sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0     <--------------
	  9.13 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 11.58 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 11.51 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	  6.27 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 10.38 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 12.20 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 12.74 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	  5.40 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 10.14 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 10.51 │    ↑ jmp    10

We expect all 10 sqrt to get roughly the sample number of samples.

But you can see that the instruction directly after the JMP is
systematically underestimated in the result, due to sampling shadow
effects.

With the new PREC_DIST based sampling this problem is gone and all
instructions show up roughly evenly:

	  9.51 │10:   sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 11.74 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 11.84 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	  6.05 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 10.46 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 12.25 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 12.18 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	  5.26 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 10.13 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	 10.43 │      sqrtps %xmm1,%xmm0
	  0.16 │    ↑ jmp    10

Even with PREC_DIST there is still sampling skid and the result is not
completely even, but systematic shadow effects are significantly
reduced.

The improvements are mainly expected to make a difference in high IPC
code. With low IPC it should be similar.
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vince Weaver <vincent.weaver@maine.edu>
Cc: hpa@zytor.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1448929689-13771-2-git-send-email-andi@firstfloor.orgSigned-off-by: Ingo Molnar's avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
parent 442f5c74
......@@ -482,6 +482,9 @@ int x86_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event)
/* Support for IP fixup */
if (x86_pmu.lbr_nr || x86_pmu.intel_cap.pebs_format >= 2)
precise++;
if (x86_pmu.pebs_prec_dist)
precise++;
}
if (event->attr.precise_ip > precise)
......
......@@ -583,7 +583,8 @@ struct x86_pmu {
bts_active :1,
pebs :1,
pebs_active :1,
pebs_broken :1;
pebs_broken :1,
pebs_prec_dist :1;
int pebs_record_size;
void (*drain_pebs)(struct pt_regs *regs);
struct event_constraint *pebs_constraints;
......
......@@ -2475,6 +2475,44 @@ static void intel_pebs_aliases_snb(struct perf_event *event)
}
}
static void intel_pebs_aliases_precdist(struct perf_event *event)
{
if ((event->hw.config & X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK) == 0x003c) {
/*
* Use an alternative encoding for CPU_CLK_UNHALTED.THREAD_P
* (0x003c) so that we can use it with PEBS.
*
* The regular CPU_CLK_UNHALTED.THREAD_P event (0x003c) isn't
* PEBS capable. However we can use INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST
* (0x01c0), which is a PEBS capable event, to get the same
* count.
*
* The PREC_DIST event has special support to minimize sample
* shadowing effects. One drawback is that it can be
* only programmed on counter 1, but that seems like an
* acceptable trade off.
*/
u64 alt_config = X86_CONFIG(.event=0xc0, .umask=0x01, .inv=1, .cmask=16);
alt_config |= (event->hw.config & ~X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK);
event->hw.config = alt_config;
}
}
static void intel_pebs_aliases_ivb(struct perf_event *event)
{
if (event->attr.precise_ip < 3)
return intel_pebs_aliases_snb(event);
return intel_pebs_aliases_precdist(event);
}
static void intel_pebs_aliases_skl(struct perf_event *event)
{
if (event->attr.precise_ip < 3)
return intel_pebs_aliases_core2(event);
return intel_pebs_aliases_precdist(event);
}
static unsigned long intel_pmu_free_running_flags(struct perf_event *event)
{
unsigned long flags = x86_pmu.free_running_flags;
......@@ -3431,7 +3469,8 @@ __init int intel_pmu_init(void)
x86_pmu.event_constraints = intel_ivb_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.pebs_constraints = intel_ivb_pebs_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_snb;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_ivb;
x86_pmu.pebs_prec_dist = true;
if (boot_cpu_data.x86_model == 62)
x86_pmu.extra_regs = intel_snbep_extra_regs;
else
......@@ -3464,7 +3503,8 @@ __init int intel_pmu_init(void)
x86_pmu.event_constraints = intel_hsw_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.pebs_constraints = intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.extra_regs = intel_snbep_extra_regs;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_snb;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_ivb;
x86_pmu.pebs_prec_dist = true;
/* all extra regs are per-cpu when HT is on */
x86_pmu.flags |= PMU_FL_HAS_RSP_1;
x86_pmu.flags |= PMU_FL_NO_HT_SHARING;
......@@ -3499,7 +3539,8 @@ __init int intel_pmu_init(void)
x86_pmu.event_constraints = intel_bdw_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.pebs_constraints = intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.extra_regs = intel_snbep_extra_regs;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_snb;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_ivb;
x86_pmu.pebs_prec_dist = true;
/* all extra regs are per-cpu when HT is on */
x86_pmu.flags |= PMU_FL_HAS_RSP_1;
x86_pmu.flags |= PMU_FL_NO_HT_SHARING;
......@@ -3521,7 +3562,8 @@ __init int intel_pmu_init(void)
x86_pmu.event_constraints = intel_skl_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.pebs_constraints = intel_skl_pebs_event_constraints;
x86_pmu.extra_regs = intel_skl_extra_regs;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_core2;
x86_pmu.pebs_aliases = intel_pebs_aliases_skl;
x86_pmu.pebs_prec_dist = true;
/* all extra regs are per-cpu when HT is on */
x86_pmu.flags |= PMU_FL_HAS_RSP_1;
x86_pmu.flags |= PMU_FL_NO_HT_SHARING;
......
......@@ -686,6 +686,8 @@ struct event_constraint intel_ivb_pebs_event_constraints[] = {
INTEL_PST_CONSTRAINT(0x02cd, 0x8), /* MEM_TRANS_RETIRED.PRECISE_STORES */
/* UOPS_RETIRED.ALL, inv=1, cmask=16 (cycles:p). */
INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x108001c2, 0xf),
/* INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST, inv=1, cmask=16 (cycles:ppp). */
INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x108001c0, 0x2),
INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(0xd0, 0xf), /* MEM_UOP_RETIRED.* */
INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(0xd1, 0xf), /* MEM_LOAD_UOPS_RETIRED.* */
INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(0xd2, 0xf), /* MEM_LOAD_UOPS_LLC_HIT_RETIRED.* */
......@@ -700,6 +702,8 @@ struct event_constraint intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints[] = {
INTEL_PLD_CONSTRAINT(0x01cd, 0xf), /* MEM_TRANS_RETIRED.* */
/* UOPS_RETIRED.ALL, inv=1, cmask=16 (cycles:p). */
INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x108001c2, 0xf),
/* INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST, inv=1, cmask=16 (cycles:ppp). */
INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x108001c0, 0x2),
INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_NA(0x01c2, 0xf), /* UOPS_RETIRED.ALL */
INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(0x11d0, 0xf), /* MEM_UOPS_RETIRED.STLB_MISS_LOADS */
INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(0x21d0, 0xf), /* MEM_UOPS_RETIRED.LOCK_LOADS */
......@@ -718,6 +722,8 @@ struct event_constraint intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints[] = {
struct event_constraint intel_skl_pebs_event_constraints[] = {
INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x1c0, 0x2), /* INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST */
/* INST_RETIRED.PREC_DIST, inv=1, cmask=16 (cycles:ppp). */
INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x108001c0, 0x2),
/* INST_RETIRED.TOTAL_CYCLES_PS (inv=1, cmask=16) (cycles:p). */
INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0x108000c0, 0x0f),
INTEL_PLD_CONSTRAINT(0x1cd, 0xf), /* MEM_TRANS_RETIRED.* */
......
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment