Commit 5ef3a8b1 authored by Sergey Senozhatsky's avatar Sergey Senozhatsky Committed by Linus Torvalds

zram: add zstd to the supported algorithms list

Add ZSTD to the list of supported compression algorithms.

ZRAM fio perf test:

                      LZO         DEFLATE         ZSTD

#jobs1
WRITE:              (2180MB/s)   (77.2MB/s)      (1429MB/s)
WRITE:              (1617MB/s)   (77.7MB/s)      (1202MB/s)
READ:                (426MB/s)   (595MB/s)       (1181MB/s)
READ:                (422MB/s)   (572MB/s)       (1020MB/s)
READ:                (318MB/s)   (67.8MB/s)      (563MB/s)
WRITE:               (318MB/s)   (67.9MB/s)      (564MB/s)
READ:                (336MB/s)   (68.3MB/s)      (583MB/s)
WRITE:               (335MB/s)   (68.2MB/s)      (582MB/s)
#jobs2
WRITE:              (3441MB/s)   (152MB/s)       (2141MB/s)
WRITE:              (2507MB/s)   (147MB/s)       (1888MB/s)
READ:                (801MB/s)   (1146MB/s)      (1890MB/s)
READ:                (767MB/s)   (1096MB/s)      (2073MB/s)
READ:                (621MB/s)   (126MB/s)       (1009MB/s)
WRITE:               (621MB/s)   (126MB/s)       (1009MB/s)
READ:                (656MB/s)   (125MB/s)       (1075MB/s)
WRITE:               (657MB/s)   (126MB/s)       (1077MB/s)
#jobs3
WRITE:              (4772MB/s)   (225MB/s)       (3394MB/s)
WRITE:              (3905MB/s)   (211MB/s)       (2939MB/s)
READ:               (1216MB/s)   (1608MB/s)      (3218MB/s)
READ:               (1159MB/s)   (1431MB/s)      (2981MB/s)
READ:                (906MB/s)   (156MB/s)       (1457MB/s)
WRITE:               (907MB/s)   (156MB/s)       (1458MB/s)
READ:                (953MB/s)   (158MB/s)       (1595MB/s)
WRITE:               (952MB/s)   (157MB/s)       (1593MB/s)
#jobs4
WRITE:              (6036MB/s)   (265MB/s)       (4469MB/s)
WRITE:              (5059MB/s)   (263MB/s)       (3951MB/s)
READ:               (1618MB/s)   (2066MB/s)      (4276MB/s)
READ:               (1573MB/s)   (1942MB/s)      (3830MB/s)
READ:               (1202MB/s)   (227MB/s)       (1971MB/s)
WRITE:              (1200MB/s)   (227MB/s)       (1968MB/s)
READ:               (1265MB/s)   (226MB/s)       (2116MB/s)
WRITE:              (1264MB/s)   (226MB/s)       (2114MB/s)
#jobs5
WRITE:              (5339MB/s)   (233MB/s)       (3781MB/s)
WRITE:              (4298MB/s)   (234MB/s)       (3276MB/s)
READ:               (1626MB/s)   (2048MB/s)      (4081MB/s)
READ:               (1567MB/s)   (1929MB/s)      (3758MB/s)
READ:               (1174MB/s)   (205MB/s)       (1747MB/s)
WRITE:              (1173MB/s)   (204MB/s)       (1746MB/s)
READ:               (1214MB/s)   (208MB/s)       (1890MB/s)
WRITE:              (1215MB/s)   (208MB/s)       (1892MB/s)
#jobs6
WRITE:              (5666MB/s)   (270MB/s)       (4338MB/s)
WRITE:              (4828MB/s)   (267MB/s)       (3772MB/s)
READ:               (1803MB/s)   (2058MB/s)      (4946MB/s)
READ:               (1805MB/s)   (2156MB/s)      (4711MB/s)
READ:               (1334MB/s)   (235MB/s)       (2135MB/s)
WRITE:              (1335MB/s)   (235MB/s)       (2137MB/s)
READ:               (1364MB/s)   (236MB/s)       (2268MB/s)
WRITE:              (1365MB/s)   (237MB/s)       (2270MB/s)
#jobs7
WRITE:              (5474MB/s)   (270MB/s)       (4300MB/s)
WRITE:              (4666MB/s)   (266MB/s)       (3817MB/s)
READ:               (2022MB/s)   (2319MB/s)      (5472MB/s)
READ:               (1924MB/s)   (2260MB/s)      (5031MB/s)
READ:               (1369MB/s)   (242MB/s)       (2153MB/s)
WRITE:              (1370MB/s)   (242MB/s)       (2155MB/s)
READ:               (1499MB/s)   (246MB/s)       (2310MB/s)
WRITE:              (1497MB/s)   (246MB/s)       (2307MB/s)
#jobs8
WRITE:              (5558MB/s)   (273MB/s)       (4439MB/s)
WRITE:              (4763MB/s)   (271MB/s)       (3918MB/s)
READ:               (2201MB/s)   (2599MB/s)      (6062MB/s)
READ:               (2105MB/s)   (2463MB/s)      (5413MB/s)
READ:               (1490MB/s)   (252MB/s)       (2238MB/s)
WRITE:              (1488MB/s)   (252MB/s)       (2236MB/s)
READ:               (1566MB/s)   (254MB/s)       (2434MB/s)
WRITE:              (1568MB/s)   (254MB/s)       (2437MB/s)
#jobs9
WRITE:              (5120MB/s)   (264MB/s)       (4035MB/s)
WRITE:              (4531MB/s)   (267MB/s)       (3740MB/s)
READ:               (1940MB/s)   (2258MB/s)      (4986MB/s)
READ:               (2024MB/s)   (2387MB/s)      (4871MB/s)
READ:               (1343MB/s)   (246MB/s)       (2038MB/s)
WRITE:              (1342MB/s)   (246MB/s)       (2037MB/s)
READ:               (1553MB/s)   (238MB/s)       (2243MB/s)
WRITE:              (1552MB/s)   (238MB/s)       (2242MB/s)
#jobs10
WRITE:              (5345MB/s)   (271MB/s)       (3988MB/s)
WRITE:              (4750MB/s)   (254MB/s)       (3668MB/s)
READ:               (1876MB/s)   (2363MB/s)      (5150MB/s)
READ:               (1990MB/s)   (2256MB/s)      (5080MB/s)
READ:               (1355MB/s)   (250MB/s)       (2019MB/s)
WRITE:              (1356MB/s)   (251MB/s)       (2020MB/s)
READ:               (1490MB/s)   (252MB/s)       (2202MB/s)
WRITE:              (1488MB/s)   (252MB/s)       (2199MB/s)

jobs1                              perfstat
instructions                 52,065,555,710 (    0.79)    855,731,114,587 (    2.64)       54,280,709,944 (    1.40)
branches                     14,020,427,116 ( 725.847)    101,733,449,582 (1074.521)       11,170,591,067 ( 992.869)
branch-misses                    22,626,174 (   0.16%)        274,197,885 (   0.27%)           25,915,805 (   0.23%)
jobs2                              perfstat
instructions                103,633,110,402 (    0.75)  1,710,822,100,914 (    2.59)      107,879,874,104 (    1.28)
branches                     27,931,237,282 ( 679.203)    203,298,267,479 (1037.326)       22,185,350,842 ( 884.427)
branch-misses                    46,103,811 (   0.17%)        533,747,204 (   0.26%)           49,682,483 (   0.22%)
jobs3                              perfstat
instructions                154,857,283,657 (    0.76)  2,565,748,974,197 (    2.57)      161,515,435,813 (    1.31)
branches                     41,759,490,355 ( 670.529)    304,905,605,277 ( 978.765)       33,215,805,907 ( 888.003)
branch-misses                    74,263,293 (   0.18%)        759,746,240 (   0.25%)           76,841,196 (   0.23%)
jobs4                              perfstat
instructions                206,215,849,076 (    0.75)  3,420,169,460,897 (    2.60)      215,003,061,664 (    1.31)
branches                     55,632,141,739 ( 666.501)    406,394,977,433 ( 927.241)       44,214,322,251 ( 883.532)
branch-misses                   102,287,788 (   0.18%)      1,098,617,314 (   0.27%)          103,891,040 (   0.23%)
jobs5                              perfstat
instructions                258,711,315,588 (    0.67)  4,275,657,533,244 (    2.23)      269,332,235,685 (    1.08)
branches                     69,802,821,166 ( 588.823)    507,996,211,252 ( 797.036)       55,450,846,129 ( 735.095)
branch-misses                   129,217,214 (   0.19%)      1,243,284,991 (   0.24%)          173,512,278 (   0.31%)
jobs6                              perfstat
instructions                312,796,166,008 (    0.61)  5,133,896,344,660 (    2.02)      323,658,769,588 (    1.04)
branches                     84,372,488,583 ( 520.541)    610,310,494,402 ( 697.642)       66,683,292,992 ( 693.939)
branch-misses                   159,438,978 (   0.19%)      1,396,368,563 (   0.23%)          174,406,934 (   0.26%)
jobs7                              perfstat
instructions                363,211,372,930 (    0.56)  5,988,205,600,879 (    1.75)      377,824,674,156 (    0.93)
branches                     98,057,013,765 ( 463.117)    711,841,255,974 ( 598.762)       77,879,009,954 ( 600.443)
branch-misses                   199,513,153 (   0.20%)      1,507,651,077 (   0.21%)          248,203,369 (   0.32%)
jobs8                              perfstat
instructions                413,960,354,615 (    0.52)  6,842,918,558,378 (    1.45)      431,938,486,581 (    0.83)
branches                    111,812,574,884 ( 414.224)    813,299,084,518 ( 491.173)       89,062,699,827 ( 517.795)
branch-misses                   233,584,845 (   0.21%)      1,531,593,921 (   0.19%)          286,818,489 (   0.32%)
jobs9                              perfstat
instructions                465,976,220,300 (    0.53)  7,698,467,237,372 (    1.47)      486,352,600,321 (    0.84)
branches                    125,931,456,162 ( 424.063)    915,207,005,715 ( 498.192)      100,370,404,090 ( 517.439)
branch-misses                   256,992,445 (   0.20%)      1,782,809,816 (   0.19%)          345,239,380 (   0.34%)
jobs10                             perfstat
instructions                517,406,372,715 (    0.53)  8,553,527,312,900 (    1.48)      540,732,653,094 (    0.84)
branches                    139,839,780,676 ( 427.732)  1,016,737,699,389 ( 503.172)      111,696,557,638 ( 516.750)
branch-misses                   259,595,561 (   0.19%)      1,952,570,279 (   0.19%)          357,818,661 (   0.32%)

seconds elapsed        20.630411534     96.084546565    12.743373571
seconds elapsed        22.292627625     100.984155001   14.407413560
seconds elapsed        22.396016966     110.344880848   14.032201392
seconds elapsed        22.517330949     113.351459170   14.243074935
seconds elapsed        28.548305104     156.515193765   19.159286861
seconds elapsed        30.453538116     164.559937678   19.362492717
seconds elapsed        33.467108086     188.486827481   21.492612173
seconds elapsed        35.617727591     209.602677783   23.256422492
seconds elapsed        42.584239509     243.959902566   28.458540338
seconds elapsed        47.683632526     269.635248851   31.542404137

Over all, ZSTD has slower WRITE, but much faster READ (perhaps
a static compression buffer used during the test helped ZSTD a
lot), which results in faster test results.

Memory consumption (zram mm_stat file):

zram LZO mm_stat
mm_stat (jobs1): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33558528        0        0
mm_stat (jobs2): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33558528        0        0
mm_stat (jobs3): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33562624        0        0
mm_stat (jobs4): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33558528        0        0
mm_stat (jobs5): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33558528        0        0
mm_stat (jobs6): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33562624        0        0
mm_stat (jobs7): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33566720        0        0
mm_stat (jobs8): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33558528        0        0
mm_stat (jobs9): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33558528        0        0
mm_stat (jobs10): 2147483648 23068672 33558528        0 33562624        0        0

zram DEFLATE mm_stat
mm_stat (jobs1): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs2): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs3): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs4): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs5): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs6): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs7): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25190400        0        0
mm_stat (jobs8): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25190400        0        0
mm_stat (jobs9): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0
mm_stat (jobs10): 2147483648 16252928 25178112        0 25178112        0        0

zram ZSTD mm_stat
mm_stat (jobs1): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs2): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs3): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16785408        0        0
mm_stat (jobs4): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs5): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs6): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs7): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs8): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0
mm_stat (jobs9): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16785408        0        0
mm_stat (jobs10): 2147483648 11010048 16781312        0 16781312        0        0

==================================================================================

Official benchmarks [1]:

Compressor name         Ratio   Compression     Decompress.
zstd 1.1.3 -1           2.877   430 MB/s        1110 MB/s
zlib 1.2.8 -1           2.743   110 MB/s        400 MB/s
brotli 0.5.2 -0         2.708   400 MB/s        430 MB/s
quicklz 1.5.0 -1        2.238   550 MB/s        710 MB/s
lzo1x 2.09 -1           2.108   650 MB/s        830 MB/s
lz4 1.7.5               2.101   720 MB/s        3600 MB/s
snappy 1.1.3            2.091   500 MB/s        1650 MB/s
lzf 3.6 -1              2.077   400 MB/s        860 MB/s

Minchan said:

: I did test with my sample data and compared zstd with deflate.  zstd's
: compress ratio is lower a little bit but compression speed is much faster
: 3 times more and decompress speed is too 2 times more.  With different
: data, it is different but overall, zstd would be better for speed at the
: cost of a little lower compress ratio(about 5%) so I believe it's worth to
: replace deflate.

[1] https://github.com/facebook/zstd

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170912050005.3247-1-sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.comSigned-off-by: default avatarSergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Acked-by: default avatarMinchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Tested-by: default avatarMinchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 0f6d24f8
...@@ -31,6 +31,9 @@ static const char * const backends[] = { ...@@ -31,6 +31,9 @@ static const char * const backends[] = {
#endif #endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_842) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_842)
"842", "842",
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_ZSTD)
"zstd",
#endif #endif
NULL NULL
}; };
......
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