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Commit 4b783176 authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds

Merge branch 'x86-pti-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull STIBP fallout fixes from Thomas Gleixner:
 "The performance destruction department finally got it's act together
  and came up with a cure for the STIPB regression:

   - Provide a command line option to control the spectre v2 user space
     mitigations. Default is either seccomp or prctl (if seccomp is
     disabled in Kconfig). prctl allows mitigation opt-in, seccomp
     enables the migitation for sandboxed processes.

   - Rework the code to handle the conditional STIBP/IBPB control and
     remove the now unused ptrace_may_access_sched() optimization
     attempt

   - Disable STIBP automatically when SMT is disabled

   - Optimize the switch_to() logic to avoid MSR writes and invocations
     of __switch_to_xtra().

   - Make the asynchronous speculation TIF updates synchronous to
     prevent stale mitigation state.

  As a general cleanup this also makes retpoline directly depend on
  compiler support and removes the 'minimal retpoline' option which just
  pretended to provide some form of security while providing none"

* 'x86-pti-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (31 commits)
  x86/speculation: Provide IBPB always command line options
  x86/speculation: Add seccomp Spectre v2 user space protection mode
  x86/speculation: Enable prctl mode for spectre_v2_user
  x86/speculation: Add prctl() control for indirect branch speculation
  x86/speculation: Prepare arch_smt_update() for PRCTL mode
  x86/speculation: Prevent stale SPEC_CTRL msr content
  x86/speculation: Split out TIF update
  ptrace: Remove unused ptrace_may_access_sched() and MODE_IBRS
  x86/speculation: Prepare for conditional IBPB in switch_mm()
  x86/speculation: Avoid __switch_to_xtra() calls
  x86/process: Consolidate and simplify switch_to_xtra() code
  x86/speculation: Prepare for per task indirect branch speculation control
  x86/speculation: Add command line control for indirect branch speculation
  x86/speculation: Unify conditional spectre v2 print functions
  x86/speculataion: Mark command line parser data __initdata
  x86/speculation: Mark string arrays const correctly
  x86/speculation: Reorder the spec_v2 code
  x86/l1tf: Show actual SMT state
  x86/speculation: Rework SMT state change
  sched/smt: Expose sched_smt_present static key
  ...
parents 88058417 55a97402
......@@ -4199,9 +4199,13 @@
spectre_v2= [X86] Control mitigation of Spectre variant 2
(indirect branch speculation) vulnerability.
The default operation protects the kernel from
user space attacks.
on - unconditionally enable
off - unconditionally disable
on - unconditionally enable, implies
spectre_v2_user=on
off - unconditionally disable, implies
spectre_v2_user=off
auto - kernel detects whether your CPU model is
vulnerable
......@@ -4211,6 +4215,12 @@
CONFIG_RETPOLINE configuration option, and the
compiler with which the kernel was built.
Selecting 'on' will also enable the mitigation
against user space to user space task attacks.
Selecting 'off' will disable both the kernel and
the user space protections.
Specific mitigations can also be selected manually:
retpoline - replace indirect branches
......@@ -4220,6 +4230,48 @@
Not specifying this option is equivalent to
spectre_v2=auto.
spectre_v2_user=
[X86] Control mitigation of Spectre variant 2
(indirect branch speculation) vulnerability between
user space tasks
on - Unconditionally enable mitigations. Is
enforced by spectre_v2=on
off - Unconditionally disable mitigations. Is
enforced by spectre_v2=off
prctl - Indirect branch speculation is enabled,
but mitigation can be enabled via prctl
per thread. The mitigation control state
is inherited on fork.
prctl,ibpb
- Like "prctl" above, but only STIBP is
controlled per thread. IBPB is issued
always when switching between different user
space processes.
seccomp
- Same as "prctl" above, but all seccomp
threads will enable the mitigation unless
they explicitly opt out.
seccomp,ibpb
- Like "seccomp" above, but only STIBP is
controlled per thread. IBPB is issued
always when switching between different
user space processes.
auto - Kernel selects the mitigation depending on
the available CPU features and vulnerability.
Default mitigation:
If CONFIG_SECCOMP=y then "seccomp", otherwise "prctl"
Not specifying this option is equivalent to
spectre_v2_user=auto.
spec_store_bypass_disable=
[HW] Control Speculative Store Bypass (SSB) Disable mitigation
(Speculative Store Bypass vulnerability)
......
......@@ -92,3 +92,12 @@ Speculation misfeature controls
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_ENABLE, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_DISABLE, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE, 0, 0);
- PR_SPEC_INDIR_BRANCH: Indirect Branch Speculation in User Processes
(Mitigate Spectre V2 style attacks against user processes)
Invocations:
* prctl(PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, 0, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, PR_SPEC_ENABLE, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, PR_SPEC_DISABLE, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE, 0, 0);
......@@ -444,10 +444,6 @@ config RETPOLINE
branches. Requires a compiler with -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern
support for full protection. The kernel may run slower.
Without compiler support, at least indirect branches in assembler
code are eliminated. Since this includes the syscall entry path,
it is not entirely pointless.
config INTEL_RDT
bool "Intel Resource Director Technology support"
depends on X86 && CPU_SUP_INTEL
......@@ -1004,13 +1000,7 @@ config NR_CPUS
to the kernel image.
config SCHED_SMT
bool "SMT (Hyperthreading) scheduler support"
depends on SMP
---help---
SMT scheduler support improves the CPU scheduler's decision making
when dealing with Intel Pentium 4 chips with HyperThreading at a
cost of slightly increased overhead in some places. If unsure say
N here.
def_bool y if SMP
config SCHED_MC
def_bool y
......
......@@ -220,9 +220,10 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables
# Avoid indirect branches in kernel to deal with Spectre
ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
ifneq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS) -DRETPOLINE
ifeq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
$(error You are building kernel with non-retpoline compiler, please update your compiler.)
endif
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS)
endif
archscripts: scripts_basic
......
......@@ -41,9 +41,10 @@
#define MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL 0x00000048 /* Speculation Control */
#define SPEC_CTRL_IBRS (1 << 0) /* Indirect Branch Restricted Speculation */
#define SPEC_CTRL_STIBP (1 << 1) /* Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictors */
#define SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT 1 /* Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictor (STIBP) bit */
#define SPEC_CTRL_STIBP (1 << SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT) /* STIBP mask */
#define SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT 2 /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable bit */
#define SPEC_CTRL_SSBD (1 << SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT) /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
#define SPEC_CTRL_SSBD (1 << SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT) /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
#define MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD 0x00000049 /* Prediction Command */
#define PRED_CMD_IBPB (1 << 0) /* Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */
......
......@@ -3,6 +3,8 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_NOSPEC_BRANCH_H_
#define _ASM_X86_NOSPEC_BRANCH_H_
#include <linux/static_key.h>
#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/alternative-asm.h>
#include <asm/cpufeatures.h>
......@@ -162,11 +164,12 @@
_ASM_PTR " 999b\n\t" \
".popsection\n\t"
#if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(RETPOLINE)
#ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/*
* Since the inline asm uses the %V modifier which is only in newer GCC,
* the 64-bit one is dependent on RETPOLINE not CONFIG_RETPOLINE.
* Inline asm uses the %V modifier which is only in newer GCC
* which is ensured when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is defined.
*/
# define CALL_NOSPEC \
ANNOTATE_NOSPEC_ALTERNATIVE \
......@@ -181,7 +184,7 @@
X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD)
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "r" (addr)
#elif defined(CONFIG_X86_32) && defined(CONFIG_RETPOLINE)
#else /* CONFIG_X86_32 */
/*
* For i386 we use the original ret-equivalent retpoline, because
* otherwise we'll run out of registers. We don't care about CET
......@@ -211,6 +214,7 @@
X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD)
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "rm" (addr)
#endif
#else /* No retpoline for C / inline asm */
# define CALL_NOSPEC "call *%[thunk_target]\n"
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "rm" (addr)
......@@ -219,13 +223,19 @@
/* The Spectre V2 mitigation variants */
enum spectre_v2_mitigation {
SPECTRE_V2_NONE,
SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL,
SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL_AMD,
SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC,
SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD,
SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED,
};
/* The indirect branch speculation control variants */
enum spectre_v2_user_mitigation {
SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP,
};
/* The Speculative Store Bypass disable variants */
enum ssb_mitigation {
SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE,
......@@ -303,6 +313,10 @@ do { \
preempt_enable(); \
} while (0)
DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_to_cond_stibp);
DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_cond_ibpb);
DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_always_ibpb);
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
/*
......
......@@ -53,12 +53,24 @@ static inline u64 ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(u64 tifn)
return (tifn & _TIF_SSBD) >> (TIF_SSBD - SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT);
}
static inline u64 stibp_tif_to_spec_ctrl(u64 tifn)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(TIF_SPEC_IB < SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
return (tifn & _TIF_SPEC_IB) >> (TIF_SPEC_IB - SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
}
static inline unsigned long ssbd_spec_ctrl_to_tif(u64 spec_ctrl)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(TIF_SSBD < SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT);
return (spec_ctrl & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD) << (TIF_SSBD - SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT);
}
static inline unsigned long stibp_spec_ctrl_to_tif(u64 spec_ctrl)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(TIF_SPEC_IB < SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
return (spec_ctrl & SPEC_CTRL_STIBP) << (TIF_SPEC_IB - SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
}
static inline u64 ssbd_tif_to_amd_ls_cfg(u64 tifn)
{
return (tifn & _TIF_SSBD) ? x86_amd_ls_cfg_ssbd_mask : 0ULL;
......@@ -70,11 +82,7 @@ extern void speculative_store_bypass_ht_init(void);
static inline void speculative_store_bypass_ht_init(void) { }
#endif
extern void speculative_store_bypass_update(unsigned long tif);
static inline void speculative_store_bypass_update_current(void)
{
speculative_store_bypass_update(current_thread_info()->flags);
}
extern void speculation_ctrl_update(unsigned long tif);
extern void speculation_ctrl_update_current(void);
#endif
......@@ -11,9 +11,6 @@ struct task_struct *__switch_to_asm(struct task_struct *prev,
__visible struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next);
struct tss_struct;
void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p,
struct tss_struct *tss);
/* This runs runs on the previous thread's stack. */
static inline void prepare_switch_to(struct task_struct *next)
......
......@@ -79,10 +79,12 @@ struct thread_info {
#define TIF_SIGPENDING 2 /* signal pending */
#define TIF_NEED_RESCHED 3 /* rescheduling necessary */
#define TIF_SINGLESTEP 4 /* reenable singlestep on user return*/
#define TIF_SSBD 5 /* Reduced data speculation */
#define TIF_SSBD 5 /* Speculative store bypass disable */
#define TIF_SYSCALL_EMU 6 /* syscall emulation active */
#define TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT 7 /* syscall auditing active */
#define TIF_SECCOMP 8 /* secure computing */
#define TIF_SPEC_IB 9 /* Indirect branch speculation mitigation */
#define TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE 10 /* Force speculation MSR update in context switch */
#define TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY 11 /* notify kernel of userspace return */
#define TIF_UPROBE 12 /* breakpointed or singlestepping */
#define TIF_PATCH_PENDING 13 /* pending live patching update */
......@@ -110,6 +112,8 @@ struct thread_info {
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_EMU (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_EMU)
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT)
#define _TIF_SECCOMP (1 << TIF_SECCOMP)
#define _TIF_SPEC_IB (1 << TIF_SPEC_IB)
#define _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE (1 << TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE)
#define _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY (1 << TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY)
#define _TIF_UPROBE (1 << TIF_UPROBE)
#define _TIF_PATCH_PENDING (1 << TIF_PATCH_PENDING)
......@@ -145,8 +149,18 @@ struct thread_info {
_TIF_FSCHECK)
/* flags to check in __switch_to() */
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW \
(_TIF_IO_BITMAP|_TIF_NOCPUID|_TIF_NOTSC|_TIF_BLOCKSTEP|_TIF_SSBD)
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE \
(_TIF_IO_BITMAP|_TIF_NOCPUID|_TIF_NOTSC|_TIF_BLOCKSTEP| \
_TIF_SSBD | _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE)
/*
* Avoid calls to __switch_to_xtra() on UP as STIBP is not evaluated.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
# define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE | _TIF_SPEC_IB)
#else
# define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE)
#endif
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW|_TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY)
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW)
......
......@@ -169,10 +169,14 @@ struct tlb_state {
#define LOADED_MM_SWITCHING ((struct mm_struct *)1)
/* Last user mm for optimizing IBPB */
union {
struct mm_struct *last_user_mm;
unsigned long last_user_mm_ibpb;
};
u16 loaded_mm_asid;
u16 next_asid;
/* last user mm's ctx id */
u64 last_ctx_id;
/*
* We can be in one of several states:
......
......@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/prctl.h>
#include <linux/sched/smt.h>
#include <asm/spec-ctrl.h>
#include <asm/cmdline.h>
......@@ -53,6 +54,13 @@ static u64 __ro_after_init x86_spec_ctrl_mask = SPEC_CTRL_IBRS;
u64 __ro_after_init x86_amd_ls_cfg_base;
u64 __ro_after_init x86_amd_ls_cfg_ssbd_mask;
/* Control conditional STIPB in switch_to() */
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_to_cond_stibp);
/* Control conditional IBPB in switch_mm() */
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_cond_ibpb);
/* Control unconditional IBPB in switch_mm() */
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_always_ibpb);
void __init check_bugs(void)
{
identify_boot_cpu();
......@@ -123,31 +131,6 @@ void __init check_bugs(void)
#endif
}
/* The kernel command line selection */
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd {
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD,
};
static const char *spectre_v2_strings[] = {
[SPECTRE_V2_NONE] = "Vulnerable",
[SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL] = "Vulnerable: Minimal generic ASM retpoline",
[SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL_AMD] = "Vulnerable: Minimal AMD ASM retpoline",
[SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC] = "Mitigation: Full generic retpoline",
[SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD] = "Mitigation: Full AMD retpoline",
[SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED] = "Mitigation: Enhanced IBRS",
};
#undef pr_fmt
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Spectre V2 : " fmt
static enum spectre_v2_mitigation spectre_v2_enabled __ro_after_init =
SPECTRE_V2_NONE;
void
x86_virt_spec_ctrl(u64 guest_spec_ctrl, u64 guest_virt_spec_ctrl, bool setguest)
{
......@@ -169,6 +152,10 @@ x86_virt_spec_ctrl(u64 guest_spec_ctrl, u64 guest_virt_spec_ctrl, bool setguest)
static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD))
hostval |= ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(ti->flags);
/* Conditional STIBP enabled? */
if (static_branch_unlikely(&switch_to_cond_stibp))
hostval |= stibp_tif_to_spec_ctrl(ti->flags);
if (hostval != guestval) {
msrval = setguest ? guestval : hostval;
wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, msrval);
......@@ -202,7 +189,7 @@ x86_virt_spec_ctrl(u64 guest_spec_ctrl, u64 guest_virt_spec_ctrl, bool setguest)
tif = setguest ? ssbd_spec_ctrl_to_tif(guestval) :
ssbd_spec_ctrl_to_tif(hostval);
speculative_store_bypass_update(tif);
speculation_ctrl_update(tif);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_virt_spec_ctrl);
......@@ -217,6 +204,15 @@ static void x86_amd_ssb_disable(void)
wrmsrl(MSR_AMD64_LS_CFG, msrval);
}
#undef pr_fmt
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Spectre V2 : " fmt
static enum spectre_v2_mitigation spectre_v2_enabled __ro_after_init =
SPECTRE_V2_NONE;
static enum spectre_v2_user_mitigation spectre_v2_user __ro_after_init =
SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE;
#ifdef RETPOLINE
static bool spectre_v2_bad_module;
......@@ -238,67 +234,217 @@ static inline const char *spectre_v2_module_string(void)
static inline const char *spectre_v2_module_string(void) { return ""; }
#endif
static void __init spec2_print_if_insecure(const char *reason)
static inline bool match_option(const char *arg, int arglen, const char *opt)
{
if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2))
pr_info("%s selected on command line.\n", reason);
int len = strlen(opt);
return len == arglen && !strncmp(arg, opt, len);
}
static void __init spec2_print_if_secure(const char *reason)
/* The kernel command line selection for spectre v2 */
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd {
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC,
SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD,
};
enum spectre_v2_user_cmd {
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP,
SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB,
};
static const char * const spectre_v2_user_strings[] = {
[SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE] = "User space: Vulnerable",
[SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT] = "User space: Mitigation: STIBP protection",
[SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL] = "User space: Mitigation: STIBP via prctl",
[SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP] = "User space: Mitigation: STIBP via seccomp and prctl",
};
static const struct {
const char *option;
enum spectre_v2_user_cmd cmd;
bool secure;
} v2_user_options[] __initdata = {
{ "auto", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO, false },
{ "off", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE, false },
{ "on", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE, true },
{ "prctl", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL, false },
{ "prctl,ibpb", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB, false },
{ "seccomp", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP, false },
{ "seccomp,ibpb", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB, false },
};
static void __init spec_v2_user_print_cond(const char *reason, bool secure)
{
if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2))
pr_info("%s selected on command line.\n", reason);
if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2) != secure)
pr_info("spectre_v2_user=%s forced on command line.\n", reason);
}
static inline bool retp_compiler(void)
static enum spectre_v2_user_cmd __init
spectre_v2_parse_user_cmdline(enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd v2_cmd)
{
return __is_defined(RETPOLINE);
char arg[20];
int ret, i;
switch (v2_cmd) {
case SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE:
return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE;
case SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE:
return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE;
default:
break;
}
ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2_user",
arg, sizeof(arg));
if (ret < 0)
return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(v2_user_options); i++) {
if (match_option(arg, ret, v2_user_options[i].option)) {
spec_v2_user_print_cond(v2_user_options[i].option,
v2_user_options[i].secure);
return v2_user_options[i].cmd;
}
}
pr_err("Unknown user space protection option (%s). Switching to AUTO select\n", arg);
return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO;
}
static inline bool match_option(const char *arg, int arglen, const char *opt)
static void __init
spectre_v2_user_select_mitigation(enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd v2_cmd)
{
int len = strlen(opt);
enum spectre_v2_user_mitigation mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE;
bool smt_possible = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP);
enum spectre_v2_user_cmd cmd;
return len == arglen && !strncmp(arg, opt, len);
if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBPB) && !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_STIBP))
return;
if (cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_FORCE_DISABLED ||
cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED)
smt_possible = false;
cmd = spectre_v2_parse_user_cmdline(v2_cmd);
switch (cmd) {
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE:
goto set_mode;
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE:
mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT;
break;
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB:
mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL;
break;
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB:
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SECCOMP))
mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP;
else
mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL;
break;
}
/* Initialize Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */
if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBPB)) {
setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB);
switch (cmd) {
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB:
static_branch_enable(&switch_mm_always_ibpb);
break;
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO:
case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP:
static_branch_enable(&switch_mm_cond_ibpb);
break;
default:
break;
}
pr_info("mitigation: Enabling %s Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier\n",
static_key_enabled(&switch_mm_always_ibpb) ?
"always-on" : "conditional");
}
/* If enhanced IBRS is enabled no STIPB required */
if (spectre_v2_enabled == SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED)
return;
/*
* If SMT is not possible or STIBP is not available clear the STIPB
* mode.
*/
if (!smt_possible || !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_STIBP))
mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE;
set_mode:
spectre_v2_user = mode;
/* Only print the STIBP mode when SMT possible */
if (smt_possible)
pr_info("%s\n", spectre_v2_user_strings[mode]);
}
static const char * const spectre_v2_strings[] = {
[SPECTRE_V2_NONE] = "Vulnerable",
[SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC] = "Mitigation: Full generic retpoline",
[SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD] = "Mitigation: Full AMD retpoline",
[SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED] = "Mitigation: Enhanced IBRS",
};
static const struct {
const char *option;
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd;
bool secure;
} mitigation_options[] = {
{ "off", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE, false },
{ "on", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE, true },
{ "retpoline", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE, false },
{ "retpoline,amd", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD, false },
{ "retpoline,generic", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC, false },
{ "auto", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO, false },
} mitigation_options[] __initdata = {
{ "off", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE, false },
{ "on", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE, true },
{ "retpoline", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE, false },
{ "retpoline,amd", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD, false },
{ "retpoline,generic", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC, false },
{ "auto", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO, false },
};
static void __init spec_v2_print_cond(const char *reason, bool secure)
{
if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2) != secure)
pr_info("%s selected on command line.\n", reason);
}
static enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd __init spectre_v2_parse_cmdline(void)
{
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd = SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
char arg[20];
int ret, i;
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd = SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "nospectre_v2"))
return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE;
else {
ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2", arg, sizeof(arg));
if (ret < 0)
return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mitigation_options); i++) {
if (!match_option(arg, ret, mitigation_options[i].option))
continue;
cmd = mitigation_options[i].cmd;