Commit 420b4990 authored by Ronald S. Bultje's avatar Ronald S. Bultje
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docs/pwg/advanced_tagging.xml: Half-assed commit so Thomas can re-arrange...

docs/pwg/advanced_tagging.xml: Half-assed commit so Thomas can re-arrange document IDs here to be consistent, too.

Original commit message from CVS:
2004-01-28  Ronald Bultje  <rbultje@ronald.bitfreak.net>

* docs/pwg/advanced_tagging.xml:
Half-assed commit so Thomas can re-arrange document IDs here to be
consistent, too.
parent e978887f
2004-01-28 Ronald Bultje <rbultje@ronald.bitfreak.net>
* docs/pwg/advanced_tagging.xml:
Half-assed commit so Thomas can re-arrange document IDs here to be
consistent, too.
2004-01-28 Thomas Vander Stichele <thomas at apestaart dot org>
* docs/manual/autoplugging.xml:
......
<chapter id="cha-advanced-tagging">
<title>Tagging (Metadata and Streaminfo)</title>
<para>
WRITEME
Tags are pieces of information stored in a stream that are not the content
itself, butthey rather <emphasis>describe</emphasis> the content. Most
media container formats support tagging in one way or another. Ogg uses
VorbisComment for this, MP3 uses ID3, AVI and WAV use RIFF's INFO list
chunk, etc. GStreamer provides a general way for elements to read tags from
the stream and expose this to the user. The tags (at least the metadata)
will be part of the stream inside the pipeline. The consequence of this is
that transcoding of files from one format to another will automatically
preserve tags, as long as the input and output format elements both support
tagging.
</para>
<para>
Tags are separated in two categories in GStreamer, even though applications
won't notice anything of this. The first are called <emphasis>metadata</emphasis>,
the second are called <emphasis>streaminfo</emphasis>. Metadata are tags
that describe the non-technical parts of stream content. They can be
changed without needing to re-encode the stream completely. Examples are
<quote>author</quote>, <quote>title</quote> or <quote>album</quote>. The
container format might still need to be re-written for the tags to fit in,
though. Streaminfo, on the other hand, are tags that describe the stream
contents technically. To change them, the stream needs to be re-encoded.
Examples are <quote>codec</quote> or <quote>bitrate</quote>. Note that some
container formats (like ID3) store various streaminfo tags as metadata in
the file container, which means that they can be changed so that they don't
match the content in the file anymore. Still, they are called metadata
because <emphasis>technically</emphasis>, they can be changed without
re-encoding the whole stream, even though that makes them invalid. Files
with such metadata tags will have the same tag twice: once as metadata,
once as streaminfo.
</para>
<para>
A tag reading element is called <classname>TagGetter</classname> in
&GStreamer;. A tag writer is called <classname>TagSetter</classname>. An
element supporting both can be used in a tag editor for quick tag changing.
</para>
<sect1 id="sect-tagging-read" xreflabel="Reading Tags from Streams">
<title>Reading Tags from Streams</title>
<para>
WRITEME
</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="sect-tagging-write" xreflabel="Writing Tags to Streams">
<title>Writing Tags to Streams</title>
<para>
WRITEME
</para>
</sect1>
</chapter>
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