Commit ab2ad8bd authored by Martin Storsjö's avatar Martin Storsjö

lavf: Add functions for SRTP decryption/encryption

This supports the AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80 and
AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_32 cipher suites (from RFC 4568) at the
moment. The main missing features are replay protection (which can be
added later without changing the internal API), and the F8 and null
ciphers.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMartin Storsjö <martin@martin.st>
parent 8ee288d2
/*
* SRTP encryption/decryption
* Copyright (c) 2012 Martin Storsjo
*
* This file is part of Libav.
*
* Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "libavutil/base64.h"
#include "libavutil/aes.h"
#include "libavutil/hmac.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/log.h"
#include "rtp.h"
#include "srtp.h"
void ff_srtp_free(struct SRTPContext *s)
{
if (!s)
return;
av_freep(&s->aes);
if (s->hmac)
av_hmac_free(s->hmac);
s->hmac = NULL;
}
static void encrypt_counter(struct AVAES *aes, uint8_t *iv, uint8_t *outbuf,
int outlen)
{
int i, j, outpos;
for (i = 0, outpos = 0; outpos < outlen; i++) {
uint8_t keystream[16];
AV_WB16(&iv[14], i);
av_aes_crypt(aes, keystream, iv, 1, NULL, 0);
for (j = 0; j < 16 && outpos < outlen; j++, outpos++)
outbuf[outpos] ^= keystream[j];
}
}
static void derive_key(struct AVAES *aes, const uint8_t *salt, int label,
uint8_t *out, int outlen)
{
uint8_t input[16] = { 0 };
memcpy(input, salt, 14);
// Key derivation rate assumed to be zero
input[14 - 7] ^= label;
memset(out, 0, outlen);
encrypt_counter(aes, input, out, outlen);
}
int ff_srtp_set_crypto(struct SRTPContext *s, const char *suite,
const char *params)
{
uint8_t buf[30];
ff_srtp_free(s);
// RFC 4568
if (!strcmp(suite, "AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80")) {
s->hmac_size = 10;
} else if (!strcmp(suite, "AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_32")) {
s->hmac_size = 4;
} else {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_WARNING, "SRTP Crypto suite %s not supported\n",
suite);
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
if (av_base64_decode(buf, params, sizeof(buf)) != sizeof(buf)) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Incorrect amount of SRTP params\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
// MKI and lifetime not handled yet
s->aes = av_aes_alloc();
s->hmac = av_hmac_alloc(AV_HMAC_SHA1);
if (!s->aes || !s->hmac)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
memcpy(s->master_key, buf, 16);
memcpy(s->master_salt, buf + 16, 14);
// RFC 3711
av_aes_init(s->aes, s->master_key, 128, 0);
derive_key(s->aes, s->master_salt, 0x00, s->rtp_key, sizeof(s->rtp_key));
derive_key(s->aes, s->master_salt, 0x02, s->rtp_salt, sizeof(s->rtp_salt));
derive_key(s->aes, s->master_salt, 0x01, s->rtp_auth, sizeof(s->rtp_auth));
derive_key(s->aes, s->master_salt, 0x03, s->rtcp_key, sizeof(s->rtcp_key));
derive_key(s->aes, s->master_salt, 0x05, s->rtcp_salt, sizeof(s->rtcp_salt));
derive_key(s->aes, s->master_salt, 0x04, s->rtcp_auth, sizeof(s->rtcp_auth));
return 0;
}
static void create_iv(uint8_t *iv, const uint8_t *salt, uint64_t index,
uint32_t ssrc)
{
uint8_t indexbuf[8];
int i;
memset(iv, 0, 16);
AV_WB32(&iv[4], ssrc);
AV_WB64(indexbuf, index);
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) // index << 16
iv[6 + i] ^= indexbuf[i];
for (i = 0; i < 14; i++)
iv[i] ^= salt[i];
}
int ff_srtp_decrypt(struct SRTPContext *s, uint8_t *buf, int *lenptr)
{
uint8_t iv[16] = { 0 }, hmac[20];
int len = *lenptr;
int ext, seq_largest;
uint32_t ssrc, roc;
uint64_t index;
int rtcp;
// TODO: Missing replay protection
if (len < s->hmac_size)
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
rtcp = RTP_PT_IS_RTCP(buf[1]);
// Authentication HMAC
av_hmac_init(s->hmac, rtcp ? s->rtcp_auth : s->rtp_auth, sizeof(s->rtp_auth));
// If MKI is used, this should exclude the MKI as well
av_hmac_update(s->hmac, buf, len - s->hmac_size);
if (!rtcp) {
int seq = AV_RB16(buf + 2);
uint32_t v;
uint8_t rocbuf[4];
// RFC 3711 section 3.3.1, appendix A
seq_largest = s->seq_initialized ? s->seq_largest : seq;
v = roc = s->roc;
if (seq_largest < 32768) {
if (seq - seq_largest > 32768)
v = roc - 1;
} else {
if (seq_largest - 32768 > seq)
v = roc + 1;
}
if (v == roc) {
seq_largest = FFMAX(seq_largest, seq);
} else if (v == roc + 1) {
seq_largest = seq;
roc = v;
}
index = seq + (((uint64_t)v) << 16);
AV_WB32(rocbuf, roc);
av_hmac_update(s->hmac, rocbuf, 4);
}
av_hmac_final(s->hmac, hmac, sizeof(hmac));
if (memcmp(hmac, buf + len - s->hmac_size, s->hmac_size)) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_WARNING, "HMAC mismatch\n");
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
}
len -= s->hmac_size;
*lenptr = len;
if (len < 12)
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
if (rtcp) {
uint32_t srtcp_index = AV_RB32(buf + len - 4);
len -= 4;
*lenptr = len;
ssrc = AV_RB32(buf + 4);
index = srtcp_index & 0x7fffffff;
buf += 8;
len -= 8;
if (!(srtcp_index & 0x80000000))
return 0;
} else {
s->seq_initialized = 1;
s->seq_largest = seq_largest;
s->roc = roc;
ext = buf[0] & 0x10;
ssrc = AV_RB32(buf + 8);
buf += 12;
len -= 12;
if (ext) {
if (len < 4)
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
ext = (AV_RB16(buf + 2) + 1) * 4;
if (len < ext)
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
len -= ext;
buf += ext;
}
}
create_iv(iv, rtcp ? s->rtcp_salt : s->rtp_salt, index, ssrc);
av_aes_init(s->aes, rtcp ? s->rtcp_key : s->rtp_key, 128, 0);
encrypt_counter(s->aes, iv, buf, len);
return 0;
}
int ff_srtp_encrypt(struct SRTPContext *s, const uint8_t *in, int len,
uint8_t *out, int outlen)
{
uint8_t iv[16] = { 0 }, hmac[20];
uint64_t index;
uint32_t ssrc;
int rtcp;
uint8_t *buf;
if (len + 14 > outlen)
return 0;
if (len < 12)
return 0;
memcpy(out, in, len);
buf = out;
rtcp = RTP_PT_IS_RTCP(buf[1]);
if (rtcp) {
ssrc = AV_RB32(buf + 4);
index = s->rtcp_index++;
buf += 8;
len -= 8;
} else {
int ext;
int seq = AV_RB16(buf + 2);
ssrc = AV_RB32(buf + 8);
if (seq < s->seq_largest)
s->roc++;
s->seq_largest = seq;
index = seq + (((uint64_t)s->roc) << 16);
ext = buf[0] & 0x10;
buf += 12;
len -= 12;
if (ext) {
if (len < 4)
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
ext = (AV_RB16(buf + 2) + 1) * 4;
if (len < ext)
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
len -= ext;
buf += ext;
}
}
create_iv(iv, rtcp ? s->rtcp_salt : s->rtp_salt, index, ssrc);
av_aes_init(s->aes, rtcp ? s->rtcp_key : s->rtp_key, 128, 0);
encrypt_counter(s->aes, iv, buf, len);
if (rtcp) {
AV_WB32(buf + len, 0x80000000 | index);
len += 4;
}
av_hmac_init(s->hmac, rtcp ? s->rtcp_auth : s->rtp_auth, sizeof(s->rtp_auth));
av_hmac_update(s->hmac, out, buf + len - out);
if (!rtcp) {
uint8_t rocbuf[4];
AV_WB32(rocbuf, s->roc);
av_hmac_update(s->hmac, rocbuf, 4);
}
av_hmac_final(s->hmac, hmac, sizeof(hmac));
memcpy(buf + len, hmac, s->hmac_size);
len += s->hmac_size;
return buf + len - out;
}
/*
* SRTP encryption/decryption
* Copyright (c) 2012 Martin Storsjo
*
* This file is part of Libav.
*
* Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#ifndef AVFORMAT_SRTP_H
#define AVFORMAT_SRTP_H
#include <stdint.h>
struct AVAES;
struct AVHMAC;
struct SRTPContext {
struct AVAES *aes;
struct AVHMAC *hmac;
int hmac_size;
uint8_t master_key[16];
uint8_t master_salt[14];
uint8_t rtp_key[16], rtcp_key[16];
uint8_t rtp_salt[14], rtcp_salt[14];
uint8_t rtp_auth[20], rtcp_auth[20];
int seq_largest, seq_initialized;
uint32_t roc;
uint32_t rtcp_index;
};
int ff_srtp_set_crypto(struct SRTPContext *s, const char *suite,
const char *params);
void ff_srtp_free(struct SRTPContext *s);
int ff_srtp_decrypt(struct SRTPContext *s, uint8_t *buf, int *lenptr);
int ff_srtp_encrypt(struct SRTPContext *s, const uint8_t *in, int len,
uint8_t *out, int outlen);
#endif /* AVFORMAT_SRTP_H */
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