rtpdec_asf.c 9.42 KB
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/*
 * Microsoft RTP/ASF support.
 * Copyright (c) 2008 Ronald S. Bultje
 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

/**
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 * @file
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 * @brief Microsoft RTP/ASF support
 * @author Ronald S. Bultje <rbultje@ronald.bitfreak.net>
 */

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#include "libavutil/base64.h"
#include "libavutil/avstring.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
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#include "rtp.h"
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#include "rtpdec_formats.h"
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#include "rtsp.h"
#include "asf.h"
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#include "avio_internal.h"
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/**
 * From MSDN 2.2.1.4, we learn that ASF data packets over RTP should not
 * contain any padding. Unfortunately, the header min/max_pktsize are not
 * updated (thus making min_pktsize invalid). Here, we "fix" these faulty
 * min_pktsize values in the ASF file header.
 * @return 0 on success, <0 on failure (currently -1).
 */
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static int rtp_asf_fix_header(uint8_t *buf, int len)
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{
    uint8_t *p = buf, *end = buf + len;

    if (len < sizeof(ff_asf_guid) * 2 + 22 ||
        memcmp(p, ff_asf_header, sizeof(ff_asf_guid))) {
        return -1;
    }
    p += sizeof(ff_asf_guid) + 14;
    do {
        uint64_t chunksize = AV_RL64(p + sizeof(ff_asf_guid));
        if (memcmp(p, ff_asf_file_header, sizeof(ff_asf_guid))) {
            if (chunksize > end - p)
                return -1;
            p += chunksize;
            continue;
        }

        /* skip most of the file header, to min_pktsize */
        p += 6 * 8 + 3 * 4 + sizeof(ff_asf_guid) * 2;
        if (p + 8 <= end && AV_RL32(p) == AV_RL32(p + 4)) {
            /* and set that to zero */
            AV_WL32(p, 0);
            return 0;
        }
        break;
    } while (end - p >= sizeof(ff_asf_guid) + 8);

    return -1;
}

/**
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 * The following code is basically a buffered AVIOContext,
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 * with the added benefit of returning -EAGAIN (instead of 0)
 * on packet boundaries, such that the ASF demuxer can return
 * safely and resume business at the next packet.
 */
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static int packetizer_read(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size)
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{
    return AVERROR(EAGAIN);
}

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static void init_packetizer(AVIOContext *pb, uint8_t *buf, int len)
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{
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    ffio_init_context(pb, buf, len, 0, NULL, packetizer_read, NULL, NULL);
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    /* this "fills" the buffer with its current content */
    pb->pos     = len;
    pb->buf_end = buf + len;
}

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int ff_wms_parse_sdp_a_line(AVFormatContext *s, const char *p)
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{
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    int ret = 0;
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    if (av_strstart(p, "pgmpu:data:application/vnd.ms.wms-hdr.asfv1;base64,", &p)) {
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        AVIOContext pb;
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        RTSPState *rt = s->priv_data;
        int len = strlen(p) * 6 / 8;
        char *buf = av_mallocz(len);
        av_base64_decode(buf, p, len);

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        if (rtp_asf_fix_header(buf, len) < 0)
            av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR,
                   "Failed to fix invalid RTSP-MS/ASF min_pktsize\n");
        init_packetizer(&pb, buf, len);
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        if (rt->asf_ctx) {
            av_close_input_stream(rt->asf_ctx);
            rt->asf_ctx = NULL;
        }
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        ret = av_open_input_stream(&rt->asf_ctx, &pb, "", &ff_asf_demuxer, NULL);
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        if (ret < 0)
            return ret;
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        av_metadata_copy(&s->metadata, rt->asf_ctx->metadata, 0);
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        rt->asf_pb_pos = avio_tell(&pb);
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        av_free(buf);
        rt->asf_ctx->pb = NULL;
    }
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    return ret;
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}
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static int asfrtp_parse_sdp_line(AVFormatContext *s, int stream_index,
                                 PayloadContext *asf, const char *line)
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{
    if (av_strstart(line, "stream:", &line)) {
        RTSPState *rt = s->priv_data;

        s->streams[stream_index]->id = strtol(line, NULL, 10);

        if (rt->asf_ctx) {
            int i;

            for (i = 0; i < rt->asf_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
                if (s->streams[stream_index]->id == rt->asf_ctx->streams[i]->id) {
                    *s->streams[stream_index]->codec =
                        *rt->asf_ctx->streams[i]->codec;
                    rt->asf_ctx->streams[i]->codec->extradata_size = 0;
                    rt->asf_ctx->streams[i]->codec->extradata = NULL;
                    av_set_pts_info(s->streams[stream_index], 32, 1, 1000);
                }
           }
        }
    }

    return 0;
}

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struct PayloadContext {
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    AVIOContext *pktbuf, pb;
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    uint8_t *buf;
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};

/**
 * @return 0 when a packet was written into /p pkt, and no more data is left;
 *         1 when a packet was written into /p pkt, and more packets might be left;
 *        <0 when not enough data was provided to return a full packet, or on error.
 */
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static int asfrtp_parse_packet(AVFormatContext *s, PayloadContext *asf,
                               AVStream *st, AVPacket *pkt,
                               uint32_t *timestamp,
                               const uint8_t *buf, int len, int flags)
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{
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    AVIOContext *pb = &asf->pb;
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    int res, mflags, len_off;
    RTSPState *rt = s->priv_data;

    if (!rt->asf_ctx)
        return -1;

    if (len > 0) {
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        int off, out_len = 0;
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        if (len < 4)
            return -1;

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        av_freep(&asf->buf);

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        ffio_init_context(pb, buf, len, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
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        while (avio_tell(pb) + 4 < len) {
            int start_off = avio_tell(pb);
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            mflags = avio_r8(pb);
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            if (mflags & 0x80)
                flags |= RTP_FLAG_KEY;
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            len_off = avio_rb24(pb);
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            if (mflags & 0x20)   /**< relative timestamp */
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                avio_skip(pb, 4);
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            if (mflags & 0x10)   /**< has duration */
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                avio_skip(pb, 4);
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            if (mflags & 0x8)    /**< has location ID */
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                avio_skip(pb, 4);
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            off = avio_tell(pb);
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            if (!(mflags & 0x40)) {
                /**
                 * If 0x40 is not set, the len_off field specifies an offset
                 * of this packet's payload data in the complete (reassembled)
                 * ASF packet. This is used to spread one ASF packet over
                 * multiple RTP packets.
                 */
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                if (asf->pktbuf && len_off != avio_tell(asf->pktbuf)) {
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                    uint8_t *p;
                    url_close_dyn_buf(asf->pktbuf, &p);
                    asf->pktbuf = NULL;
                    av_free(p);
                }
                if (!len_off && !asf->pktbuf &&
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                    (res = avio_open_dyn_buf(&asf->pktbuf)) < 0)
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                    return res;
                if (!asf->pktbuf)
                    return AVERROR(EIO);

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                avio_write(asf->pktbuf, buf + off, len - off);
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                avio_skip(pb, len - off);
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                if (!(flags & RTP_FLAG_MARKER))
                    return -1;
                out_len     = url_close_dyn_buf(asf->pktbuf, &asf->buf);
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                asf->pktbuf = NULL;
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            } else {
                /**
                 * If 0x40 is set, the len_off field specifies the length of
                 * the next ASF packet that can be read from this payload
                 * data alone. This is commonly the same as the payload size,
                 * but could be less in case of packet splitting (i.e.
                 * multiple ASF packets in one RTP packet).
                 */

                int cur_len = start_off + len_off - off;
                int prev_len = out_len;
                out_len += cur_len;
                asf->buf = av_realloc(asf->buf, out_len);
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                memcpy(asf->buf + prev_len, buf + off,
                       FFMIN(cur_len, len - off));
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                avio_skip(pb, cur_len);
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            }
        }

        init_packetizer(pb, asf->buf, out_len);
        pb->pos += rt->asf_pb_pos;
        pb->eof_reached = 0;
        rt->asf_ctx->pb = pb;
    }

    for (;;) {
        int i;

        res = av_read_packet(rt->asf_ctx, pkt);
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        rt->asf_pb_pos = avio_tell(pb);
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        if (res != 0)
            break;
        for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++) {
            if (s->streams[i]->id == rt->asf_ctx->streams[pkt->stream_index]->id) {
                pkt->stream_index = i;
                return 1; // FIXME: return 0 if last packet
            }
        }
        av_free_packet(pkt);
    }

    return res == 1 ? -1 : res;
}

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static PayloadContext *asfrtp_new_context(void)
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{
    return av_mallocz(sizeof(PayloadContext));
}

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static void asfrtp_free_context(PayloadContext *asf)
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{
    if (asf->pktbuf) {
        uint8_t *p = NULL;
        url_close_dyn_buf(asf->pktbuf, &p);
        asf->pktbuf = NULL;
        av_free(p);
    }
    av_freep(&asf->buf);
    av_free(asf);
}

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#define RTP_ASF_HANDLER(n, s, t) \
RTPDynamicProtocolHandler ff_ms_rtp_ ## n ## _handler = { \
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    .enc_name         = s, \
    .codec_type       = t, \
    .codec_id         = CODEC_ID_NONE, \
    .parse_sdp_a_line = asfrtp_parse_sdp_line, \
    .open             = asfrtp_new_context, \
    .close            = asfrtp_free_context, \
    .parse_packet     = asfrtp_parse_packet,   \
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}
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RTP_ASF_HANDLER(asf_pfv, "x-asf-pf",  AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO);
RTP_ASF_HANDLER(asf_pfa, "x-asf-pf",  AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO);