mpegvideo.h 40.1 KB
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/*
 * Generic DCT based hybrid video encoder
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 * Copyright (c) 2000, 2001, 2002 Fabrice Bellard
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 * Copyright (c) 2002-2004 Michael Niedermayer
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 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 */

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/**
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 * @file
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 * mpegvideo header.
 */
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#ifndef AVCODEC_MPEGVIDEO_H
#define AVCODEC_MPEGVIDEO_H
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#include "avcodec.h"
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#include "dsputil.h"
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#include "get_bits.h"
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#include "put_bits.h"
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#include "ratecontrol.h"
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#include "parser.h"
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#include "mpeg12data.h"
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#include "rl.h"
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#include "libavutil/opt.h"

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#define FRAME_SKIPPED 100 ///< return value for header parsers if frame is not coded
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enum OutputFormat {
    FMT_MPEG1,
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    FMT_H261,
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    FMT_H263,
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    FMT_MJPEG,
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    FMT_H264,
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};

#define MPEG_BUF_SIZE (16 * 1024)

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#define QMAT_SHIFT_MMX 16
#define QMAT_SHIFT 22
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#define MAX_FCODE 7
#define MAX_MV 2048
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#define MAX_THREADS 16
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#define MAX_PICTURE_COUNT 32
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#define ME_MAP_SIZE 64
#define ME_MAP_SHIFT 3
#define ME_MAP_MV_BITS 11

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#define MAX_MB_BYTES (30*16*16*3/8 + 120)

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#define INPLACE_OFFSET 16

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/* Start codes. */
#define SEQ_END_CODE            0x000001b7
#define SEQ_START_CODE          0x000001b3
#define GOP_START_CODE          0x000001b8
#define PICTURE_START_CODE      0x00000100
#define SLICE_MIN_START_CODE    0x00000101
#define SLICE_MAX_START_CODE    0x000001af
#define EXT_START_CODE          0x000001b5
#define USER_START_CODE         0x000001b2

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struct MpegEncContext;

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/**
 * Picture.
 */
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typedef struct Picture{
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    struct AVFrame f;
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    /**
     * halfpel luma planes.
     */
    uint8_t *interpolated[3];
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    int8_t *qscale_table_base;
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    int16_t (*motion_val_base[2])[2];
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    uint32_t *mb_type_base;
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#define MB_TYPE_INTRA MB_TYPE_INTRA4x4 //default mb_type if there is just one type
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#define IS_INTRA4x4(a)   ((a)&MB_TYPE_INTRA4x4)
#define IS_INTRA16x16(a) ((a)&MB_TYPE_INTRA16x16)
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#define IS_PCM(a)        ((a)&MB_TYPE_INTRA_PCM)
#define IS_INTRA(a)      ((a)&7)
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#define IS_INTER(a)      ((a)&(MB_TYPE_16x16|MB_TYPE_16x8|MB_TYPE_8x16|MB_TYPE_8x8))
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#define IS_SKIP(a)       ((a)&MB_TYPE_SKIP)
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#define IS_INTRA_PCM(a)  ((a)&MB_TYPE_INTRA_PCM)
#define IS_INTERLACED(a) ((a)&MB_TYPE_INTERLACED)
#define IS_DIRECT(a)     ((a)&MB_TYPE_DIRECT2)
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#define IS_GMC(a)        ((a)&MB_TYPE_GMC)
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#define IS_16X16(a)      ((a)&MB_TYPE_16x16)
#define IS_16X8(a)       ((a)&MB_TYPE_16x8)
#define IS_8X16(a)       ((a)&MB_TYPE_8x16)
#define IS_8X8(a)        ((a)&MB_TYPE_8x8)
#define IS_SUB_8X8(a)    ((a)&MB_TYPE_16x16) //note reused
#define IS_SUB_8X4(a)    ((a)&MB_TYPE_16x8)  //note reused
#define IS_SUB_4X8(a)    ((a)&MB_TYPE_8x16)  //note reused
#define IS_SUB_4X4(a)    ((a)&MB_TYPE_8x8)   //note reused
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#define IS_ACPRED(a)     ((a)&MB_TYPE_ACPRED)
#define IS_QUANT(a)      ((a)&MB_TYPE_QUANT)
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#define IS_DIR(a, part, list) ((a) & (MB_TYPE_P0L0<<((part)+2*(list))))
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#define USES_LIST(a, list) ((a) & ((MB_TYPE_P0L0|MB_TYPE_P1L0)<<(2*(list)))) ///< does this mb use listX, note does not work if subMBs
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#define HAS_CBP(a)        ((a)&MB_TYPE_CBP)
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    int field_poc[2];           ///< h264 top/bottom POC
    int poc;                    ///< h264 frame POC
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    int frame_num;              ///< h264 frame_num (raw frame_num from slice header)
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    int mmco_reset;             ///< h264 MMCO_RESET set this 1. Reordering code must not mix pictures before and after MMCO_RESET.
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    int pic_id;                 /**< h264 pic_num (short -> no wrap version of pic_num,
                                     pic_num & max_pic_num; long -> long_pic_num) */
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    int long_ref;               ///< 1->long term reference 0->short term reference
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    int ref_poc[2][2][32];      ///< h264 POCs of the frames used as reference (FIXME need per slice)
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    int ref_count[2][2];        ///< number of entries in ref_poc              (FIXME need per slice)
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    int mbaff;                  ///< h264 1 -> MBAFF frame 0-> not MBAFF
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    int field_picture;          ///< whether or not the picture was encoded in separate fields
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    int mb_var_sum;             ///< sum of MB variance for current frame
    int mc_mb_var_sum;          ///< motion compensated MB variance for current frame
    uint16_t *mb_var;           ///< Table for MB variances
    uint16_t *mc_mb_var;        ///< Table for motion compensated MB variances
    uint8_t *mb_mean;           ///< Table for MB luminance
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    int32_t *mb_cmp_score;      ///< Table for MB cmp scores, for mb decision FIXME remove
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    int b_frame_score;          /* */
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    struct MpegEncContext *owner2; ///< pointer to the MpegEncContext that allocated this picture
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} Picture;

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/**
 * Motion estimation context.
 */
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typedef struct MotionEstContext{
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    AVCodecContext *avctx;
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    int skip;                          ///< set if ME is skipped for the current MB
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    int co_located_mv[4][2];           ///< mv from last P-frame for direct mode ME
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    int direct_basis_mv[4][2];
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    uint8_t *scratchpad;               ///< data area for the ME algo, so that the ME does not need to malloc/free
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    uint8_t *best_mb;
    uint8_t *temp_mb[2];
    uint8_t *temp;
    int best_bits;
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    uint32_t *map;                     ///< map to avoid duplicate evaluations
    uint32_t *score_map;               ///< map to store the scores
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    unsigned map_generation;
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    int pre_penalty_factor;
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    int penalty_factor;                /**< an estimate of the bits required to
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                                        code a given mv value, e.g. (1,0) takes
                                        more bits than (0,0). We have to
                                        estimate whether any reduction in
                                        residual is worth the extra bits. */
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    int sub_penalty_factor;
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    int mb_penalty_factor;
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    int flags;
    int sub_flags;
    int mb_flags;
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    int pre_pass;                      ///< = 1 for the pre pass
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    int dia_size;
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    int xmin;
    int xmax;
    int ymin;
    int ymax;
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    int pred_x;
    int pred_y;
    uint8_t *src[4][4];
    uint8_t *ref[4][4];
    int stride;
    int uvstride;
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    /* temp variables for picture complexity calculation */
    int mc_mb_var_sum_temp;
    int mb_var_sum_temp;
    int scene_change_score;
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/*    cmp, chroma_cmp;*/
    op_pixels_func (*hpel_put)[4];
    op_pixels_func (*hpel_avg)[4];
    qpel_mc_func (*qpel_put)[16];
    qpel_mc_func (*qpel_avg)[16];
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    uint8_t (*mv_penalty)[MAX_MV*2+1];  ///< amount of bits needed to encode a MV
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    uint8_t *current_mv_penalty;
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    int (*sub_motion_search)(struct MpegEncContext * s,
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                                  int *mx_ptr, int *my_ptr, int dmin,
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                                  int src_index, int ref_index,
                                  int size, int h);
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}MotionEstContext;

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/**
 * MpegEncContext.
 */
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typedef struct MpegEncContext {
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    AVClass *class;
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    struct AVCodecContext *avctx;
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    /* the following parameters must be initialized before encoding */
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    int width, height;///< picture size. must be a multiple of 16
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    int gop_size;
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    int intra_only;   ///< if true, only intra pictures are generated
    int bit_rate;     ///< wanted bit rate
    enum OutputFormat out_format; ///< output format
    int h263_pred;    ///< use mpeg4/h263 ac/dc predictions
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    int pb_frame;     ///< PB frame mode (0 = none, 1 = base, 2 = improved)
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/* the following codec id fields are deprecated in favor of codec_id */
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    int h263_plus;    ///< h263 plus headers
    int h263_flv;     ///< use flv h263 header

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    enum AVCodecID codec_id;     /* see AV_CODEC_ID_xxx */
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    int fixed_qscale; ///< fixed qscale if non zero
    int encoding;     ///< true if we are encoding (vs decoding)
    int flags;        ///< AVCodecContext.flags (HQ, MV4, ...)
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    int flags2;       ///< AVCodecContext.flags2
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    int max_b_frames; ///< max number of b-frames for encoding
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    int luma_elim_threshold;
    int chroma_elim_threshold;
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    int strict_std_compliance; ///< strictly follow the std (MPEG4, ...)
    int workaround_bugs;       ///< workaround bugs in encoders which cannot be detected automatically
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    int codec_tag;             ///< internal codec_tag upper case converted from avctx codec_tag
    int stream_codec_tag;      ///< internal stream_codec_tag upper case converted from avctx stream_codec_tag
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    /* the following fields are managed internally by the encoder */

    /* sequence parameters */
    int context_initialized;
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    int input_picture_number;  ///< used to set pic->display_picture_number, should not be used for/by anything else
    int coded_picture_number;  ///< used to set pic->coded_picture_number, should not be used for/by anything else
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    int picture_number;       //FIXME remove, unclear definition
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    int picture_in_gop_number; ///< 0-> first pic in gop, ...
    int mb_width, mb_height;   ///< number of MBs horizontally & vertically
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    int mb_stride;             ///< mb_width+1 used for some arrays to allow simple addressing of left & top MBs without sig11
    int b8_stride;             ///< 2*mb_width+1 used for some 8x8 block arrays to allow simple addressing
    int b4_stride;             ///< 4*mb_width+1 used for some 4x4 block arrays to allow simple addressing
    int h_edge_pos, v_edge_pos;///< horizontal / vertical position of the right/bottom edge (pixel replication)
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    int mb_num;                ///< number of MBs of a picture
    int linesize;              ///< line size, in bytes, may be different from width
    int uvlinesize;            ///< line size, for chroma in bytes, may be different from width
    Picture *picture;          ///< main picture buffer
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    Picture **input_picture;   ///< next pictures on display order for encoding
    Picture **reordered_input_picture; ///< pointer to the next pictures in codedorder for encoding
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    int y_dc_scale, c_dc_scale;
    int ac_pred;
    int block_last_index[12];  ///< last non zero coefficient in block
    int h263_aic;              ///< Advanded INTRA Coding (AIC)

    /* scantables */
    ScanTable inter_scantable; ///< if inter == intra then intra should be used to reduce tha cache usage
    ScanTable intra_scantable;
    ScanTable intra_h_scantable;
    ScanTable intra_v_scantable;

    /* WARNING: changes above this line require updates to hardcoded
     *          offsets used in asm. */

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    int64_t user_specified_pts;///< last non zero pts from AVFrame which was passed into avcodec_encode_video()
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    /**
     * pts difference between the first and second input frame, used for
     * calculating dts of the first frame when there's a delay */
    int64_t dts_delta;
    /**
     * reordered pts to be used as dts for the next output frame when there's
     * a delay */
    int64_t reordered_pts;
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    /** bit output */
    PutBitContext pb;

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    int start_mb_y;            ///< start mb_y of this thread (so current thread should process start_mb_y <= row < end_mb_y)
    int end_mb_y;              ///< end   mb_y of this thread (so current thread should process start_mb_y <= row < end_mb_y)
    struct MpegEncContext *thread_context[MAX_THREADS];
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    int slice_context_count;   ///< number of used thread_contexts
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    /**
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     * copy of the previous picture structure.
     * note, linesize & data, might not match the previous picture (for field pictures)
     */
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    Picture last_picture;

    /**
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     * copy of the next picture structure.
     * note, linesize & data, might not match the next picture (for field pictures)
     */
    Picture next_picture;
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    /**
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     * copy of the source picture structure for encoding.
     * note, linesize & data, might not match the source picture (for field pictures)
     */
    Picture new_picture;
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    /**
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     * copy of the current picture structure.
     * note, linesize & data, might not match the current picture (for field pictures)
     */
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    Picture current_picture;    ///< buffer to store the decompressed current picture

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    Picture *last_picture_ptr;     ///< pointer to the previous picture.
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    Picture *next_picture_ptr;     ///< pointer to the next picture (for bidir pred)
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    Picture *current_picture_ptr;  ///< pointer to the current picture
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    int picture_count;             ///< number of allocated pictures (MAX_PICTURE_COUNT * avctx->thread_count)
    int picture_range_start, picture_range_end; ///< the part of picture that this context can allocate in
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    uint8_t *visualization_buffer[3]; ///< temporary buffer vor MV visualization
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    int last_dc[3];                ///< last DC values for MPEG1
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    int16_t *dc_val_base;
    int16_t *dc_val[3];            ///< used for mpeg4 DC prediction, all 3 arrays must be continuous
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    const uint8_t *y_dc_scale_table;     ///< qscale -> y_dc_scale table
    const uint8_t *c_dc_scale_table;     ///< qscale -> c_dc_scale table
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    const uint8_t *chroma_qscale_table;  ///< qscale -> chroma_qscale (h263)
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    uint8_t *coded_block_base;
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    uint8_t *coded_block;          ///< used for coded block pattern prediction (msmpeg4v3, wmv1)
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    int16_t (*ac_val_base)[16];
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    int16_t (*ac_val[3])[16];      ///< used for for mpeg4 AC prediction, all 3 arrays must be continuous
    int mb_skipped;                ///< MUST BE SET only during DECODING
    uint8_t *mbskip_table;        /**< used to avoid copy if macroblock skipped (for black regions for example)
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                                   and used for b-frame encoding & decoding (contains skip table of next P Frame) */
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    uint8_t *mbintra_table;       ///< used to avoid setting {ac, dc, cbp}-pred stuff to zero on inter MB decoding
    uint8_t *cbp_table;           ///< used to store cbp, ac_pred for partitioned decoding
    uint8_t *pred_dir_table;      ///< used to store pred_dir for partitioned decoding
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    uint8_t *edge_emu_buffer;     ///< temporary buffer for if MVs point to out-of-frame data
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    uint8_t *rd_scratchpad;       ///< scratchpad for rate distortion mb decision
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    uint8_t *obmc_scratchpad;
    uint8_t *b_scratchpad;        ///< scratchpad used for writing into write only buffers
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    int qscale;                 ///< QP
    int chroma_qscale;          ///< chroma QP
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    unsigned int lambda;        ///< lagrange multipler used in rate distortion
    unsigned int lambda2;       ///< (lambda*lambda) >> FF_LAMBDA_SHIFT
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    int *lambda_table;
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    int adaptive_quant;         ///< use adaptive quantization
    int dquant;                 ///< qscale difference to prev qscale
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    int pict_type;              ///< AV_PICTURE_TYPE_I, AV_PICTURE_TYPE_P, AV_PICTURE_TYPE_B, ...
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    int last_pict_type; //FIXME removes
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    int last_non_b_pict_type;   ///< used for mpeg4 gmc b-frames & ratecontrol
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    int dropable;
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    int frame_rate_index;
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    int last_lambda_for[5];     ///< last lambda for a specific pict type
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    int skipdct;                ///< skip dct and code zero residual
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    /* motion compensation */
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    int unrestricted_mv;        ///< mv can point outside of the coded picture
    int h263_long_vectors;      ///< use horrible h263v1 long vector mode
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    DSPContext dsp;             ///< pointers for accelerated dsp functions
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    int f_code;                 ///< forward MV resolution
    int b_code;                 ///< backward MV resolution for B Frames (mpeg4)
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    int16_t (*p_mv_table_base)[2];
    int16_t (*b_forw_mv_table_base)[2];
    int16_t (*b_back_mv_table_base)[2];
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    int16_t (*b_bidir_forw_mv_table_base)[2];
    int16_t (*b_bidir_back_mv_table_base)[2];
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    int16_t (*b_direct_mv_table_base)[2];
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    int16_t (*p_field_mv_table_base[2][2])[2];
    int16_t (*b_field_mv_table_base[2][2][2])[2];
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    int16_t (*p_mv_table)[2];            ///< MV table (1MV per MB) p-frame encoding
    int16_t (*b_forw_mv_table)[2];       ///< MV table (1MV per MB) forward mode b-frame encoding
    int16_t (*b_back_mv_table)[2];       ///< MV table (1MV per MB) backward mode b-frame encoding
    int16_t (*b_bidir_forw_mv_table)[2]; ///< MV table (1MV per MB) bidir mode b-frame encoding
    int16_t (*b_bidir_back_mv_table)[2]; ///< MV table (1MV per MB) bidir mode b-frame encoding
    int16_t (*b_direct_mv_table)[2];     ///< MV table (1MV per MB) direct mode b-frame encoding
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    int16_t (*p_field_mv_table[2][2])[2];   ///< MV table (2MV per MB) interlaced p-frame encoding
    int16_t (*b_field_mv_table[2][2][2])[2];///< MV table (4MV per MB) interlaced b-frame encoding
    uint8_t (*p_field_select_table[2]);
    uint8_t (*b_field_select_table[2][2]);
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    int me_method;                       ///< ME algorithm
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    int mv_dir;
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#define MV_DIR_FORWARD   1
#define MV_DIR_BACKWARD  2
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#define MV_DIRECT        4 ///< bidirectional mode where the difference equals the MV of the last P/S/I-Frame (mpeg4)
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    int mv_type;
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#define MV_TYPE_16X16       0   ///< 1 vector for the whole mb
#define MV_TYPE_8X8         1   ///< 4 vectors (h263, mpeg4 4MV)
#define MV_TYPE_16X8        2   ///< 2 vectors, one per 16x8 block
#define MV_TYPE_FIELD       3   ///< 2 vectors, one per field
#define MV_TYPE_DMV         4   ///< 2 vectors, special mpeg2 Dual Prime Vectors
    /**motion vectors for a macroblock
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       first coordinate : 0 = forward 1 = backward
       second "         : depend on type
       third  "         : 0 = x, 1 = y
    */
    int mv[2][4][2];
    int field_select[2][2];
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    int last_mv[2][2][2];             ///< last MV, used for MV prediction in MPEG1 & B-frame MPEG4
    uint8_t *fcode_tab;               ///< smallest fcode needed for each MV
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    int16_t direct_scale_mv[2][64];   ///< precomputed to avoid divisions in ff_mpeg4_set_direct_mv
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    MotionEstContext me;
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    int no_rounding;  /**< apply no rounding to motion compensation (MPEG4, msmpeg4, ...)
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                        for b-frames rounding mode is always 0 */
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    /* macroblock layer */
    int mb_x, mb_y;
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    int mb_skip_run;
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    int mb_intra;
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    uint16_t *mb_type;           ///< Table for candidate MB types for encoding
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_INTRA    0x01
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_INTER    0x02
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_INTER4V  0x04
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#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_SKIPPED   0x08
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//#define MB_TYPE_GMC      0x10
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#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_DIRECT   0x10
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_FORWARD  0x20
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_BACKWARD 0x40
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_BIDIR    0x80

#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_INTER_I    0x100
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_FORWARD_I  0x200
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_BACKWARD_I 0x400
#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_BIDIR_I    0x800
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#define CANDIDATE_MB_TYPE_DIRECT0    0x1000

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    int block_index[6]; ///< index to current MB in block based arrays with edges
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    int block_wrap[6];
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    uint8_t *dest[3];
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    int *mb_index2xy;        ///< mb_index -> mb_x + mb_y*mb_stride
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    /** matrix transmitted in the bitstream */
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    uint16_t intra_matrix[64];
    uint16_t chroma_intra_matrix[64];
    uint16_t inter_matrix[64];
    uint16_t chroma_inter_matrix[64];
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#define QUANT_BIAS_SHIFT 8
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    int intra_quant_bias;    ///< bias for the quantizer
    int inter_quant_bias;    ///< bias for the quantizer
    int min_qcoeff;          ///< minimum encodable coefficient
    int max_qcoeff;          ///< maximum encodable coefficient
    int ac_esc_length;       ///< num of bits needed to encode the longest esc
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    uint8_t *intra_ac_vlc_length;
    uint8_t *intra_ac_vlc_last_length;
    uint8_t *inter_ac_vlc_length;
    uint8_t *inter_ac_vlc_last_length;
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    uint8_t *luma_dc_vlc_length;
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#define UNI_AC_ENC_INDEX(run,level) ((run)*128 + (level))
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    int coded_score[8];
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    /** precomputed matrix (combine qscale and DCT renorm) */
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    int (*q_intra_matrix)[64];
    int (*q_inter_matrix)[64];
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    /** identical to the above but for MMX & these are not permutated, second 64 entries are bias*/
    uint16_t (*q_intra_matrix16)[2][64];
    uint16_t (*q_inter_matrix16)[2][64];
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    /* noise reduction */
    int (*dct_error_sum)[64];
    int dct_count[2];
    uint16_t (*dct_offset)[64];
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    void *opaque;              ///< private data for the user
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    /* bit rate control */
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    int64_t total_bits;
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    int frame_bits;                ///< bits used for the current frame
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    int next_lambda;               ///< next lambda used for retrying to encode a frame
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    RateControlContext rc_context; ///< contains stuff only accessed in ratecontrol.c
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    /* statistics, used for 2-pass encoding */
    int mv_bits;
    int header_bits;
    int i_tex_bits;
    int p_tex_bits;
    int i_count;
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    int f_count;
    int b_count;
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    int skip_count;
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    int misc_bits; ///< cbp, mb_type
    int last_bits; ///< temp var used for calculating the above vars
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    /* error concealment / resync */
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    int error_count, error_occurred;
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    uint8_t *error_status_table;       ///< table of the error status of each MB
#define VP_START            1          ///< current MB is the first after a resync marker
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#define ER_AC_ERROR            2
#define ER_DC_ERROR            4
#define ER_MV_ERROR            8
#define ER_AC_END              16
#define ER_DC_END              32
#define ER_MV_END              64
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#define ER_MB_ERROR (ER_AC_ERROR|ER_DC_ERROR|ER_MV_ERROR)
#define ER_MB_END   (ER_AC_END|ER_DC_END|ER_MV_END)

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    int resync_mb_x;                 ///< x position of last resync marker
    int resync_mb_y;                 ///< y position of last resync marker
    GetBitContext last_resync_gb;    ///< used to search for the next resync marker
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    int mb_num_left;                 ///< number of MBs left in this video packet (for partitioned Slices only)
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    int next_p_frame_damaged;        ///< set if the next p frame is damaged, to avoid showing trashed b frames
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    int err_recognition;
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    ParseContext parse_context;
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    /* H.263 specific */
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    int gob_index;
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    int obmc;                       ///< overlapped block motion compensation
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    int showed_packed_warning;      ///< flag for having shown the warning about divxs invalid b frames
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    int mb_info;                    ///< interval for outputting info about mb offsets as side data
    int prev_mb_info, last_mb_info;
    uint8_t *mb_info_ptr;
    int mb_info_size;
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    /* H.263+ specific */
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    int umvplus;                    ///< == H263+ && unrestricted_mv
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    int h263_aic_dir;               ///< AIC direction: 0 = left, 1 = top
    int h263_slice_structured;
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    int alt_inter_vlc;              ///< alternative inter vlc
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    int modified_quant;
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    int loop_filter;
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    int custom_pcf;
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    /* mpeg4 specific */
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    int time_increment_bits;        ///< number of bits to represent the fractional part of time
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    int last_time_base;
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    int time_base;                  ///< time in seconds of last I,P,S Frame
    int64_t time;                   ///< time of current frame
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    int64_t last_non_b_time;
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    uint16_t pp_time;               ///< time distance between the last 2 p,s,i frames
    uint16_t pb_time;               ///< time distance between the last b and p,s,i frame
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    uint16_t pp_field_time;
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    uint16_t pb_field_time;         ///< like above, just for interlaced
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    int shape;
    int vol_sprite_usage;
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    int sprite_width;
    int sprite_height;
    int sprite_left;
    int sprite_top;
    int sprite_brightness_change;
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    int num_sprite_warping_points;
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    int real_sprite_warping_points;
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    uint16_t sprite_traj[4][2];      ///< sprite trajectory points
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    int sprite_offset[2][2];         ///< sprite offset[isChroma][isMVY]
    int sprite_delta[2][2];          ///< sprite_delta [isY][isMVY]
    int sprite_shift[2];             ///< sprite shift [isChroma]
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    int mcsel;
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    int quant_precision;
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    int quarter_sample;              ///< 1->qpel, 0->half pel ME/MC
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    int scalability;
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    int hierachy_type;
    int enhancement_type;
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    int new_pred;
    int reduced_res_vop;
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    int aspect_ratio_info; //FIXME remove
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    int sprite_warping_accuracy;
    int low_latency_sprite;
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    int data_partitioning;           ///< data partitioning flag from header
    int partitioned_frame;           ///< is current frame partitioned
    int rvlc;                        ///< reversible vlc
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    int resync_marker;               ///< could this stream contain resync markers
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    int low_delay;                   ///< no reordering needed / has no b-frames
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    int vo_type;
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    int vol_control_parameters;      ///< does the stream contain the low_delay flag, used to workaround buggy encoders
    int intra_dc_threshold;          ///< QP above whch the ac VLC should be used for intra dc
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    int use_intra_dc_vlc;
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    PutBitContext tex_pb;            ///< used for data partitioned VOPs
    PutBitContext pb2;               ///< used for data partitioned VOPs
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    int mpeg_quant;
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    int t_frame;                       ///< time distance of first I -> B, used for interlaced b frames
    int padding_bug_score;             ///< used to detect the VERY common padding bug in MPEG4
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    int cplx_estimation_trash_i;
    int cplx_estimation_trash_p;
    int cplx_estimation_trash_b;
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    /* divx specific, used to workaround (many) bugs in divx5 */
    int divx_version;
    int divx_build;
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    int divx_packed;
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    uint8_t *bitstream_buffer; //Divx 5.01 puts several frames in a single one, this is used to reorder them
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    int bitstream_buffer_size;
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    unsigned int allocated_bitstream_buffer_size;
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    int xvid_build;
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    /* lavc specific stuff, used to workaround bugs in libavcodec */
    int lavc_build;
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    /* RV10 specific */
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    int rv10_version; ///< RV10 version: 0 or 3
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    int rv10_first_dc_coded[3];
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    int orig_width, orig_height;
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    /* MJPEG specific */
    struct MJpegContext *mjpeg_ctx;
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    int mjpeg_vsample[3];       ///< vertical sampling factors, default = {2, 1, 1}
    int mjpeg_hsample[3];       ///< horizontal sampling factors, default = {2, 1, 1}
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    /* MSMPEG4 specific */
    int mv_table_index;
    int rl_table_index;
    int rl_chroma_table_index;
    int dc_table_index;
    int use_skip_mb_code;
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    int slice_height;      ///< in macroblocks
    int first_slice_line;  ///< used in mpeg4 too to handle resync markers
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    int flipflop_rounding;
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    int msmpeg4_version;   ///< 0=not msmpeg4, 1=mp41, 2=mp42, 3=mp43/divx3 4=wmv1/7 5=wmv2/8
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    int per_mb_rl_table;
    int esc3_level_length;
    int esc3_run_length;
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    /** [mb_intra][isChroma][level][run][last] */
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    int (*ac_stats)[2][MAX_LEVEL+1][MAX_RUN+1][2];
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    int inter_intra_pred;
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    int mspel;
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    /* decompression specific */
    GetBitContext gb;

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    /* Mpeg1 specific */
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    int gop_picture_number;  ///< index of the first picture of a GOP based on fake_pic_num & mpeg1 specific
    int last_mv_dir;         ///< last mv_dir, used for b frame encoding
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    int broken_link;         ///< no_output_of_prior_pics_flag
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    uint8_t *vbv_delay_ptr;  ///< pointer to vbv_delay in the bitstream

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    /* MPEG-2-specific - I wished not to have to support this mess. */
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    int progressive_sequence;
    int mpeg_f_code[2][2];
    int picture_structure;
/* picture type */
#define PICT_TOP_FIELD     1
#define PICT_BOTTOM_FIELD  2
#define PICT_FRAME         3

    int intra_dc_precision;
    int frame_pred_frame_dct;
    int top_field_first;
    int concealment_motion_vectors;
    int q_scale_type;
    int intra_vlc_format;
    int alternate_scan;
    int repeat_first_field;
    int chroma_420_type;
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    int chroma_format;
#define CHROMA_420 1
#define CHROMA_422 2
#define CHROMA_444 3
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    int chroma_x_shift;//depend on pix_format, that depend on chroma_format
    int chroma_y_shift;
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    int progressive_frame;
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    int full_pel[2];
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    int interlaced_dct;
    int first_slice;
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    int first_field;         ///< is 1 for the first field of a field picture 0 otherwise
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    int drop_frame_timecode; ///< timecode is in drop frame format.
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    int scan_offset;         ///< reserve space for SVCD scan offset user data.
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    /* RTP specific */
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    int rtp_mode;
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    uint8_t *ptr_lastgob;
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    int swap_uv;             //vcr2 codec is an MPEG-2 variant with U and V swapped
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    DCTELEM (*pblocks[12])[64];
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    DCTELEM (*block)[64]; ///< points to one of the following blocks
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    DCTELEM (*blocks)[8][64]; // for HQ mode we need to keep the best block
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    int (*decode_mb)(struct MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM block[6][64]); // used by some codecs to avoid a switch()
#define SLICE_OK         0
#define SLICE_ERROR     -1
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#define SLICE_END       -2 ///<end marker found
#define SLICE_NOEND     -3 ///<no end marker or error found but mb count exceeded
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    void (*dct_unquantize_mpeg1_intra)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_mpeg1_inter)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_mpeg2_intra)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_mpeg2_inter)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_h263_intra)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_h263_inter)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_h261_intra)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_h261_inter)(struct MpegEncContext *s,
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
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    void (*dct_unquantize_intra)(struct MpegEncContext *s, // unquantizer to use (mpeg4 can use both)
                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
    void (*dct_unquantize_inter)(struct MpegEncContext *s, // unquantizer to use (mpeg4 can use both)
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                           DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale);
    int (*dct_quantize)(struct MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale, int *overflow);
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    int (*fast_dct_quantize)(struct MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM *block/*align 16*/, int n, int qscale, int *overflow);
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    void (*denoise_dct)(struct MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM *block);
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    int mpv_flags;      ///< flags set by private options
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    int quantizer_noise_shaping;
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    /* error resilience stuff */
    uint8_t *er_temp_buffer;

    /* temp buffers for rate control */
    float *cplx_tab, *bits_tab;
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} MpegEncContext;

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#define REBASE_PICTURE(pic, new_ctx, old_ctx) (pic ? \
    (pic >= old_ctx->picture && pic < old_ctx->picture+old_ctx->picture_count ?\
        &new_ctx->picture[pic - old_ctx->picture] : pic - (Picture*)old_ctx + (Picture*)new_ctx)\
    : NULL)
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/* mpegvideo_enc common options */
#define FF_MPV_FLAG_SKIP_RD      0x0001
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#define FF_MPV_FLAG_STRICT_GOP   0x0002
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#define FF_MPV_FLAG_QP_RD        0x0004
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#define FF_MPV_FLAG_CBP_RD       0x0008
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#define FF_MPV_OFFSET(x) offsetof(MpegEncContext, x)
#define FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS (AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM | AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM)
#define FF_MPV_COMMON_OPTS \
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{ "mpv_flags",      "Flags common for all mpegvideo-based encoders.", FF_MPV_OFFSET(mpv_flags), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLAGS, { .i64 = 0 }, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS, "mpv_flags" },\
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{ "skip_rd",        "RD optimal MB level residual skipping", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, { .i64 = FF_MPV_FLAG_SKIP_RD },    0, 0, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS, "mpv_flags" },\
{ "strict_gop",     "Strictly enforce gop size",             0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, { .i64 = FF_MPV_FLAG_STRICT_GOP }, 0, 0, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS, "mpv_flags" },\
{ "qp_rd",          "Use rate distortion optimization for qp selection", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, { .i64 = FF_MPV_FLAG_QP_RD },  0, 0, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS, "mpv_flags" },\
{ "cbp_rd",         "use rate distortion optimization for CBP",          0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, { .i64 = FF_MPV_FLAG_CBP_RD }, 0, 0, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS, "mpv_flags" },\
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{ "luma_elim_threshold",   "single coefficient elimination threshold for luminance (negative values also consider dc coefficient)",\
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                                                                      FF_MPV_OFFSET(luma_elim_threshold), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, { .i64 = 0 }, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS },\
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{ "chroma_elim_threshold", "single coefficient elimination threshold for chrominance (negative values also consider dc coefficient)",\
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                                                                      FF_MPV_OFFSET(chroma_elim_threshold), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, { .i64 = 0 }, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS },\
{ "quantizer_noise_shaping", NULL,                                  FF_MPV_OFFSET(quantizer_noise_shaping), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, { .i64 = 0 },       0, INT_MAX, FF_MPV_OPT_FLAGS },
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extern const AVOption ff_mpv_generic_options[];

#define FF_MPV_GENERIC_CLASS(name) \
static const AVClass name ## _class = {\
    .class_name = #name " encoder",\
    .item_name  = av_default_item_name,\
    .option     = ff_mpv_generic_options,\
    .version    = LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT,\
};

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/**
 * Set the given MpegEncContext to common defaults (same for encoding
 * and decoding).  The changed fields will not depend upon the prior
 * state of the MpegEncContext.
 */
void ff_MPV_common_defaults(MpegEncContext *s);

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void ff_MPV_decode_defaults(MpegEncContext *s);
int ff_MPV_common_init(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_MPV_common_end(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_MPV_decode_mb(MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM block[12][64]);
int ff_MPV_frame_start(MpegEncContext *s, AVCodecContext *avctx);
void ff_MPV_frame_end(MpegEncContext *s);
int ff_MPV_encode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx);
int ff_MPV_encode_end(AVCodecContext *avctx);
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int ff_MPV_encode_picture(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVPacket *pkt,
                          const AVFrame *frame, int *got_packet);
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void ff_MPV_encode_init_x86(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_MPV_common_init_x86(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_MPV_common_init_axp(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_MPV_common_init_mmi(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_MPV_common_init_arm(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_MPV_common_init_altivec(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_MPV_common_init_bfin(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_clean_intra_table_entries(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_draw_horiz_band(MpegEncContext *s, int y, int h);
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void ff_mpeg_flush(AVCodecContext *avctx);
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void ff_print_debug_info(MpegEncContext *s, AVFrame *pict);
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void ff_write_quant_matrix(PutBitContext *pb, uint16_t *matrix);
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void ff_release_unused_pictures(MpegEncContext *s, int remove_current);
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int ff_find_unused_picture(MpegEncContext *s, int shared);
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void ff_denoise_dct(MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM *block);
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void ff_update_duplicate_context(MpegEncContext *dst, MpegEncContext *src);
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int ff_MPV_lowest_referenced_row(MpegEncContext *s, int dir);
void ff_MPV_report_decode_progress(MpegEncContext *s);
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int ff_mpeg_update_thread_context(AVCodecContext *dst, const AVCodecContext *src);
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const uint8_t *avpriv_mpv_find_start_code(const uint8_t *p, const uint8_t *end, uint32_t *state);
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void ff_set_qscale(MpegEncContext * s, int qscale);
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void ff_er_frame_start(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_er_frame_end(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_er_add_slice(MpegEncContext *s, int startx, int starty, int endx, int endy, int status);

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int ff_dct_common_init(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_convert_matrix(DSPContext *dsp, int (*qmat)[64], uint16_t (*qmat16)[2][64],
                       const uint16_t *quant_matrix, int bias, int qmin, int qmax, int intra);
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int ff_dct_quantize_c(MpegEncContext *s, DCTELEM *block, int n, int qscale, int *overflow);
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void ff_init_block_index(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_copy_picture(Picture *dst, Picture *src);
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void ff_MPV_motion(MpegEncContext *s,
                   uint8_t *dest_y, uint8_t *dest_cb,
                   uint8_t *dest_cr, int dir,
                   uint8_t **ref_picture,
                   op_pixels_func (*pix_op)[4],
                   qpel_mc_func (*qpix_op)[16]);

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/**
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 * Allocate a Picture.
 * The pixels are allocated/set by calling get_buffer() if shared = 0.
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 */
int ff_alloc_picture(MpegEncContext *s, Picture *pic, int shared);

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extern const enum PixelFormat ff_pixfmt_list_420[];
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extern const enum PixelFormat ff_hwaccel_pixfmt_list_420[];
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static inline void ff_update_block_index(MpegEncContext *s){
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    const int block_size = 8;
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    s->block_index[0]+=2;
    s->block_index[1]+=2;
    s->block_index[2]+=2;
    s->block_index[3]+=2;
    s->block_index[4]++;
    s->block_index[5]++;
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    s->dest[0]+= 2*block_size;
    s->dest[1]+= block_size;
    s->dest[2]+= block_size;
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}

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static inline int get_bits_diff(MpegEncContext *s){
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    const int bits= put_bits_count(&s->pb);
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    const int last= s->last_bits;

    s->last_bits = bits;

    return bits - last;
}
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static inline int ff_h263_round_chroma(int x){
    static const uint8_t h263_chroma_roundtab[16] = {
    //  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15
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        0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1,
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    };
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    return h263_chroma_roundtab[x & 0xf] + (x >> 3);
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}

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/* motion_est.c */
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void ff_estimate_p_frame_motion(MpegEncContext * s,
                             int mb_x, int mb_y);
void ff_estimate_b_frame_motion(MpegEncContext * s,
                             int mb_x, int mb_y);
int ff_get_best_fcode(MpegEncContext * s, int16_t (*mv_table)[2], int type);
void ff_fix_long_p_mvs(MpegEncContext * s);
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void ff_fix_long_mvs(MpegEncContext * s, uint8_t *field_select_table, int field_select,
                     int16_t (*mv_table)[2], int f_code, int type, int truncate);
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int ff_init_me(MpegEncContext *s);
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int ff_pre_estimate_p_frame_motion(MpegEncContext * s, int mb_x, int mb_y);
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int ff_epzs_motion_search(MpegEncContext * s, int *mx_ptr, int *my_ptr,
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                             int P[10][2], int src_index, int ref_index, int16_t (*last_mv)[2],
                             int ref_mv_scale, int size, int h);
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int ff_get_mb_score(MpegEncContext * s, int mx, int my, int src_index,
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                               int ref_index, int size, int h, int add_rate);
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/* mpeg12.c */
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extern const uint8_t ff_mpeg1_dc_scale_table[128];
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extern const uint8_t * const ff_mpeg2_dc_scale_table[4];
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void ff_mpeg1_encode_picture_header(MpegEncContext *s, int picture_number);
void ff_mpeg1_encode_mb(MpegEncContext *s,
                        DCTELEM block[6][64],
                        int motion_x, int motion_y);
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void ff_mpeg1_encode_init(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_mpeg1_encode_slice_header(MpegEncContext *s);
void ff_mpeg1_clean_buffers(MpegEncContext *s);
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int ff_mpeg1_find_frame_end(ParseContext *pc, const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, AVCodecParserContext *s);
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extern const uint8_t ff_aic_dc_scale_table[32];
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extern const uint8_t ff_h263_chroma_qscale_table[32];
extern const uint8_t ff_h263_loop_filter_strength[32];
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/* h261.c */
void ff_h261_loop_filter(MpegEncContext *s);
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void ff_h261_reorder_mb_index(MpegEncContext* s);
void ff_h261_encode_mb(MpegEncContext *s,
                    DCTELEM block[6][64],
                    int motion_x, int motion_y);
void ff_h261_encode_picture_header(MpegEncContext * s, int picture_number);
void ff_h261_encode_init(MpegEncContext *s);
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int ff_h261_get_picture_format(int width, int height);
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cleanup  
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/* rv10.c */
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