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AA	*	Afar Djibouti, N Ethiopia Hamito-Semitic F., Cushitic Br.
2
AB	*	Abkhazian Abkhazia (Georgia) Caucasian F.
3 4
AF	*	Afrikaans South Africa, Namibia Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 10
AM	*	Amharic Ethiopia Hamito-Semitic F., Semitic Br. 20
5
AR	*	Arabic Middle East, N Africa Hamito-Semitic F., Semitic Br. 218
6
AS	*	Assamese Assam (India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 23
7
AY	*	Aymara Bolivia, Peru Andean-Equatorial F., Andean Br. 2
8 9 10 11
AZ	*	Azerbaijani Iran, Azerbaijan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 15
BA	*	Bashkir Bashkir (S Urals, Russia) Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 1
BE	*	Byelorussian Byelorussia Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 10
BG	*	Bulgarian Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Greece Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 9
12 13 14 15
BH	*	Bihari Bihar (India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br.
BI	*	Bislama Vanuatu, New Caledonia English based creole, Pacific
BN	*	Bengali, Bangla Bangladesh, West Bengal (India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 196
BO	*	Tibetan Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, India Sino-Tibetan F., Tibeto-Burmese Br. 5 BO from Bodskad
16 17 18 19
BR	*	Breton Britanny (W France) Indo-European F., Celtic Br.
CA	*	Catalan Catalania (NE Spain), Balearic Islands, Sardinia, S France, Andorra, Argentina Indo-European F., Italic Br. 9
CO	*	Corsican Corsica (France) Indo-European F., Italic Br.
CS	*	Czech Czech Republic Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 11
20
CY	*	Welsh Wales (United Kingdom) Indo-European F., Celtic Br.
21 22
DA	*	Danish Denmark, Germany Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 5
DE	*	German Germany, Austria, Switzerland, U.S.A. Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 121 DE from Deutsch
23
DZ	*	Bhutani, Bhutanese Bhutan Sino-Tibetan F., Tibeto-Burmese Br.
24 25 26 27 28 29
EL	*	Greek Greece, Cyprus, Turkey Indo-European F., Hellenic Br. 12
EN	*	English North America, British Isles, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 470
EO	*	Esperanto 2 Artificial language
ES	*	Spanish Spain, Latin America, U.S.A. Indo-European F., Italic Br. 381
ET	*	Estonian Estonia Uralo-Altaic F., Finno-Ugric Br. 1
EU	*	Basque W Pyrenees (France, Spain) (Isolate) EU from Euskera
30
FA	*	Persian Iran, Afghanistan Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 35 FA from Farsi
31
FI	*	Finnish, Suomi Finland, Russia, Sweden Uralo-Altaic F., Finno-Ugric Br. 6
32
FJ	*	Fiji, Fijian Fiji Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br.
33 34 35 36 37 38
FO	*	Faroese, Faeroese Faeroe Islands (Denmark) Indo-European F., Germanic Br.
FR	*	French France, Belgium, Canada, U.S.A., Switzerland Indo-European F., Italic Br. 124
FY	*	Frisian Frisian Islands (Netherlands-Germany) Indo-European F., Germanic Br.
GA	*	Irish Ireland Indo-European F., Celtic Br. GA from Gaeilge
GD	*	Scots Gaelic Scotland Indo-European F., Celtic Br.
GL	*	Galician Spanish Galicia Indo-European F., Italic Br. 4
39 40 41
GN	*	Guaran? Paraguay, Bolivia, S Brazil Andean-Equatorial F., Equatorial Br. 4
GU	*	Gujarati, Gujerati Gujarat (India), Bombay, Pakistan, South Africa Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 40
HA	*	Hausa N Nigeria, Niger, Cameroun Hamito-Semitic F., Chadic Br. 37
42
HE	*	Hebrew Israel Hamito-Semitic F., Semitic Br. 5 Formerly IW from Iwrith. See Note 4.
43
HI	*	Hindi India, Pakistan, Trinidad, Guyana, Fiji, Mauritius Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 418 Same as Urdu [UR] except for writing system. See Note 3.
44 45 46
HR	*	Croatian, Croat Croatia Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. HR from Hrvatski. See Note 2.
HU	*	Hungarian, Magyar Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia Uralo-Altaic F., Finno-Ugric Br. 14
HY	*	Armenian Armenia, Middle East Indo-European F., Armenian Br. 5 HY from Hayeren
47 48 49 50
IA	*	Interlingua Artificial language
ID	*	Indonesian, Bahasa Indonesia Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br. Formerly IN. See Note 4.
IE	*	Interlingue Artificial language. Prototype of Interlingua [IA]
IK	*	Inupiak Greenland, N Canada, Alaska (U.S.A.) Eskimo-Aleut F.
51 52
IS	*	Icelandic Iceland Indo-European F., Germanic Br. IS from Islenzk
IT	*	Italian Italy, U.S.A., France, Argentina, Switzerland, Canada, Brazil Indo-European F., Italic Br. 62
53
IU	*	Inuktitut NE Canada Eskimo-Aleut F. See Note 5.
54 55 56 57 58
JA	*	Japanese, Nihongo Japan, Brazil, California (U.S.A.), Hawaii (U.S.A.) Japanese-Korean F. 126
JW		Javanese Java, Malaysia, Surinam Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br. 64 JW from Bahasa Jawa
KA	*	Georgian Georgia Caucasian F. 3 KA from Kartuli
KK	*	Kazakh Kazakhstan, Sinkiang (China), Afghanistan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 8
KL	*	Greenlandic Greenland Eskimo-Aleut F. KL from Kalaallisut
59 60
KM	*	Cambodian Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Austric F., Austrio-Asiatic Br. 9 KM from Khmer
KN	*	Kannada Karnatuka (India) Dravidian F. 44
61
KO	*	Korean, Choson-o South Korea, North Korea, NE China, Japan, Siberia, Hawaii (U.S.A.) Japanese-Korean F. 75
62 63 64
KS	*	Kashmiri Kashmir (India-Pakistan) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 4
KU	*	Kurdish, Zimany Kurdy Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 11
KY	*	Kirghiz Kirghiz, Sinkiang (China), Afghanistan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 2 KY from Kyrgyz
65
LA	*	Latin Indo-European F., Italic Br. Ancient language nearing extinction
66
LN	*	Lingala, liNgala Zaire, Congo Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 7
67
LO	*	Laothian, Pha Xa Lao, Lao Laos, Thailand Sino-Tibetan F., Sino-Siamese Br. 4
68 69
LT	*	Lithuanian Lithuania Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 3
LV	*	Latvian, Lettish Latvia Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 2
70 71
MG	*	Malagasy Madagascar Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br. 12
MI	*	Maori New Zealand Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br.
72
MK	*	Macedonian Macedonia, Bulgaria, Greece Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 2
73 74
ML	*	Malayalam Kerala (SW India) Dravidian F. 35
MN	*	Mongolian Mongolia Uralo-Altaic F., Mongolic Br.
75
MO	*	Moldavian
76
MR	*	Marathi, Mahrati Maharashtra (W India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 69
77 78
MS		Malay Malaysia, Indonesia Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br. 155 MS from Bahasa Malaysia
MT	*	Maltese Malta Hamito-Semitic F., Semitic Br.
79
MY	*	Burmese Burma, Bangladesh Sino-Tibetan F., Tibeto-Burmese Br. 30 MY from Myanmasa
80
NA		Nauru, Nauruan Nauru Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br.
81
NE	*	Nepali, Nepalese Nepal, Uttar Pradesh (India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 16
82 83 84
NL	*	Dutch Netherlands, Belgium Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 21 NL from Nederlands
NO	*	Norwegian Norway Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 5
OC	*	Occitan S France Indo-European F., Italic Br. 4
85 86
OM	*	(Afan) Oromo, Galla Ethiopia, Kenya Hamito-Semitic F., Cushitic Br. 10
OR	*	Oriya Orissa (E India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 31
87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
PA		Punjabi Punjab (India), Pakistan Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 93 PA from Panjabi
PL	*	Polish Poland, U.S.A. Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 44
PS		Pashto, Pushto, Pushtu Afghanistan, Pakistan Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 21
PT	*	Portuguese Brazil, Portugal, Spain, Uruguay, Argentina, Azores, Goa, Madeira Indo-European F., Italic Br. 182
QU		Quechua Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia Andean-Equatorial F., Andean Br. 8
RM	*	Rhaeto-Romance, Rhaeto-Romanic, Romansch S Switzerland, N Italy, Tyrol (Austria) Indo-European F., Italic Br.
RN		Kirundi, kiRundi Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br.
RO	*	Romanian, Rumanian Rumania Indo-European F., Italic Br. 25
RU	*	Russian Russia, former USSR republics Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 288
RW		Kinyarwanda, kinyaRuanda Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Zaire, Tanzania Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. RW from Rwanda
97
SA	*	Sanskrit India Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. Ancient language
98 99 100
SD		Sindhi Pakistan, Sind (India) Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 18
SG		Sangho, Sango-Ngbandi Central African Republic, Zaire Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 4
SH	*	Serbo-Croatian Croatia Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 20 See Note 2.
101
SI	*	Singhalese, Sinhalese Sri Lanka Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 13
102 103
SK	*	Slovak Slovakia Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 5
SL	*	Slovenian, Slovene Slovenia, Italy, Austria Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 2
104
SM	*	Samoan Samoa Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br.
105
SN		Shona, chiShona Rhodesia, Mozambique Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 8
106
SO	*	Somali Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya Hamito-Semitic F., Cushitic Br. 5
107 108
SQ	*	Albanian Albania, Kosovo (Yugoslavia), Italy, Greece Indo-European F., Albanian Br. 5 SQ from Shqip
SR	*	Serbian Serbia Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. SR from Srpski. See Note 2.
109 110
SS	*	Siswati, siSwati South Africa, Rhodesia, Swaziland Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br.
ST	*	Sesotho, siSuthu South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br.
111 112
SU		Sundanese West Java Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br. 26
SV	*	Swedish Sweden, Finland Indo-European F., Germanic Br. 9 SV from Svenska
113 114 115 116
SW	*	Swahili, kiSwahili Tanzania, Comoro Islands, Kenya, Mozambique, Zaire Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 48
TA	*	Tamil Tamil Nadu (S India), Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore Dravidian F. 71
TE	*	Telugu, Telegu Andhra Pradesh (India) Dravidian F. 73
TG	*	Tajik, Tajiki Tadzhikstan Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 5
117
TH	*	Thai Thailand 50
118 119 120 121 122
TI	*	Tigrinya N Ethiopia Hamito-Semitic F., Semitic Br. 4
TK	*	Turkmen, Turkoman, Turcoman Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 3
TL	*	Tagalog Philippines Austric F., Malayo-Polynesian Br. 54
TN	*	Setswana South Africa
TO	*	Tonga Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 7
123
TR	*	Turkish Turkey, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Cyprus, Greece Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 59
124 125 126 127
TS	*	Tsonga 3
TT	*	Tatar, Tartar Tatarstan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 8
TW	*	Twi, Tshi W Africa Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br.
UG	*	Uigur, Uighur, Uyghur Sinkiang (China), Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 8 See Note 5.
128
UK	*	Ukrainian Ukraine, Canada, U.S.A. Indo-European F., Balto-Slavic Br. 47
129 130 131 132 133 134
UR	*	Urdu Pakistan, India Indo-European F., Indo-Iranian Br. 102 Same as Hindi [HI] except for writing system. See Note 3.
UZ	*	Uzbek, Uzbeg, Usbek, Usbeg Uzbekstan, Tadzhikstan, Afghanistan Uralo-Altaic F., Turkic Br. 14
VI	*	Vietnamese Viet Nam, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, New Caledonia, France, Dakar Sino-Tibetan F., Sino-Siamese Br. 65
VO	*	Volap?k Artificial language
WO	*	Wolof Senegal, Gambia Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 7
XH	*	Xhosa, Xosa, isiXhosa South Africa, Rhodesia, Swaziland Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 8
135
YI	*	Yiddish U.S.A., Israel, former USSR, Latin America, Canada, E Europe Indo-European F., Germanic Br. Formerly JI from Jiddisch. See Note 4.
136
YO	*	Yoruba Western, Lagos and Kwara States (Nigeria), Benin Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 20
137 138
ZA		Zhuang, Chwang, Chuang China 15 See Note 5.
ZH	*	Chinese China Sino-Tibetan F., Sino-Siamese Br. 1,200 ZH from Zhongwen. See Note 1.
139
ZU	*	Zulu, isiZulu South Africa, Rhodesia, Swaziland Niger-Kordofanian F., Non-Mande Br. 9