CairoOutputDev.cc 79.4 KB
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//========================================================================
//
// CairoOutputDev.cc
//
// Copyright 2003 Glyph & Cog, LLC
// Copyright 2004 Red Hat, Inc
//
//========================================================================
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//========================================================================
//
// Modified under the Poppler project - http://poppler.freedesktop.org
//
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// All changes made under the Poppler project to this file are licensed
// under GPL version 2 or later
//
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// Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Jeff Muizelaar <jeff@infidigm.net>
// Copyright (C) 2005, 2006 Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
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// Copyright (C) 2005, 2009 Albert Astals Cid <aacid@kde.org>
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// Copyright (C) 2005 Nickolay V. Shmyrev <nshmyrev@yandex.ru>
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// Copyright (C) 2006-2011 Carlos Garcia Campos <carlosgc@gnome.org>
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// Copyright (C) 2008 Carl Worth <cworth@cworth.org>
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// Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Adrian Johnson <ajohnson@redneon.com>
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// Copyright (C) 2008 Michael Vrable <mvrable@cs.ucsd.edu>
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// Copyright (C) 2008, 2009 Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
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// Copyright (C) 2008 Hib Eris <hib@hiberis.nl>
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// Copyright (C) 2009, 2010 David Benjamin <davidben@mit.edu>
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// Copyright (C) 2011 Thomas Freitag <Thomas.Freitag@alfa.de>
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//
// To see a description of the changes please see the Changelog file that
// came with your tarball or type make ChangeLog if you are building from git
//
//========================================================================
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#include <config.h>

#ifdef USE_GCC_PRAGMAS
#pragma implementation
#endif

#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
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#include <assert.h>
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#include <cairo.h>

#include "goo/gfile.h"
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#include "goo/gtypes_p.h"
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#include "GlobalParams.h"
#include "Error.h"
#include "Object.h"
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#include "Gfx.h"
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#include "GfxState.h"
#include "GfxFont.h"
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#include "Page.h"
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#include "Link.h"
#include "CharCodeToUnicode.h"
#include "FontEncodingTables.h"
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#include "PDFDocEncoding.h"
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#include <fofi/FoFiTrueType.h>
#include <splash/SplashBitmap.h>
#include "CairoOutputDev.h"
#include "CairoFontEngine.h"
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#include "CairoRescaleBox.h"
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#include "UTF8.h"
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//------------------------------------------------------------------------

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// #define LOG_CAIRO
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#ifdef LOG_CAIRO
#define LOG(x) (x)
#else
#define LOG(x)
#endif

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static inline void printMatrix(cairo_matrix_t *matrix){
	printf("%f %f, %f %f (%f %f)\n", matrix->xx, matrix->yx,
			matrix->xy, matrix->yy,
			matrix->x0, matrix->y0);
}

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//------------------------------------------------------------------------
// CairoImage
//------------------------------------------------------------------------

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CairoImage::CairoImage (double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {
  this->image = NULL;
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  this->x1 = x1;
  this->y1 = y1;
  this->x2 = x2;
  this->y2 = y2;
}

CairoImage::~CairoImage () {
  if (image)
    cairo_surface_destroy (image);
}
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void CairoImage::setImage (cairo_surface_t *image) {
  if (this->image)
    cairo_surface_destroy (this->image);
  this->image = cairo_surface_reference (image);
}

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//------------------------------------------------------------------------
// CairoOutputDev
//------------------------------------------------------------------------

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// We cannot tie the lifetime of an FT_Library object to that of
// CairoOutputDev, since any FT_Faces created with it may end up with a
// reference by Cairo which can be held long after the CairoOutputDev is
// deleted.  The simplest way to avoid problems is to never tear down the
// FT_Library instance; to avoid leaks, just use a single global instance
// initialized the first time it is needed.
FT_Library CairoOutputDev::ft_lib;
GBool CairoOutputDev::ft_lib_initialized = gFalse;

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CairoOutputDev::CairoOutputDev() {
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  xref = NULL;
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  catalog = NULL;
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  if (!ft_lib_initialized) {
    FT_Init_FreeType(&ft_lib);
    ft_lib_initialized = gTrue;
  }

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  fontEngine = NULL;
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  fontEngine_owner = gFalse;
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  glyphs = NULL;
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  fill_pattern = NULL;
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  fill_color.r = fill_color.g = fill_color.b = 0;
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  stroke_pattern = NULL;
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  stroke_color.r = stroke_color.g = stroke_color.b = 0;
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  stroke_opacity = 1.0;
  fill_opacity = 1.0;
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  textClipPath = NULL;
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  haveCSPattern = gFalse;
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  cairo = NULL;
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  currentFont = NULL;
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  prescaleImages = gTrue;
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  printing = gTrue;
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  inType3Char = gFalse;
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  t3_glyph_has_bbox = gFalse;
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  groupColorSpaceStack = NULL;
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  maskStack = NULL;
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  group = NULL;
  mask = NULL;
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  shape = NULL;
  cairo_shape = NULL;
  knockoutCount = 0;
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  text = NULL;
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  actualText = NULL;
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}

CairoOutputDev::~CairoOutputDev() {
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  if (fontEngine_owner && fontEngine) {
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    delete fontEngine;
  }
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  if (cairo)
    cairo_destroy (cairo);
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  cairo_pattern_destroy (stroke_pattern);
  cairo_pattern_destroy (fill_pattern);
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  if (group)
    cairo_pattern_destroy (group);
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  if (mask)
    cairo_pattern_destroy (mask);
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  if (shape)
    cairo_pattern_destroy (shape);
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  if (text) 
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    text->decRefCnt();
  if (actualText)
    delete actualText;  
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::setCairo(cairo_t *cairo)
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{
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  if (this->cairo != NULL) {
    cairo_status_t status = cairo_status (this->cairo);
    if (status) {
      warning("cairo context error: %s\n", cairo_status_to_string(status));
    }
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    cairo_destroy (this->cairo);
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    assert(!cairo_shape);
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  }
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  if (cairo != NULL) {
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    this->cairo = cairo_reference (cairo);
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	/* save the initial matrix so that we can use it for type3 fonts. */
	//XXX: is this sufficient? could we miss changes to the matrix somehow?
	cairo_get_matrix(cairo, &orig_matrix);
  } else {
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    this->cairo = NULL;
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    this->cairo_shape = NULL;
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  }
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::setTextPage(TextPage *text)
{
  if (this->text) 
    this->text->decRefCnt();
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  if (actualText)
    delete actualText;
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  if (text) {
    this->text = text;
    this->text->incRefCnt();
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    actualText = new ActualText(text);
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  } else {
    this->text = NULL;
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    actualText = NULL;
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  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::startDoc(XRef *xrefA, Catalog *catalogA,
			      CairoFontEngine *parentFontEngine) {
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  xref = xrefA;
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  catalog = catalogA;
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  if (parentFontEngine) {
    fontEngine = parentFontEngine;
  } else {
    if (fontEngine) {
      delete fontEngine;
    }
    fontEngine = new CairoFontEngine(ft_lib);
    fontEngine_owner = gTrue;
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  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::startPage(int pageNum, GfxState *state) {
  /* set up some per page defaults */
  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
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  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgb(0., 0., 0.);
  stroke_pattern = cairo_pattern_reference(fill_pattern);
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  if (text)
    text->startPage(state);
}

void CairoOutputDev::endPage() {
  if (text) {
    text->endPage();
    text->coalesce(gTrue, gFalse);
  }
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::saveState(GfxState *state) {
  LOG(printf ("save\n"));
  cairo_save (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape)
      cairo_save (cairo_shape);
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  MaskStack *ms = new MaskStack;
  ms->mask = cairo_pattern_reference(mask);
  ms->next = maskStack;
  maskStack = ms;
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}

void CairoOutputDev::restoreState(GfxState *state) {
  LOG(printf ("restore\n"));
  cairo_restore (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape)
      cairo_restore (cairo_shape);
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  /* These aren't restored by cairo_restore() since we keep them in
   * the output device. */
  updateFillColor(state);
  updateStrokeColor(state);
  updateFillOpacity(state);
  updateStrokeOpacity(state);
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  updateBlendMode(state);
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  MaskStack* ms = maskStack;
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  if (ms) {
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    if (mask)
      cairo_pattern_destroy(mask);
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    mask = ms->mask;
    maskStack = ms->next;
    delete ms;
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateAll(GfxState *state) {
  updateLineDash(state);
  updateLineJoin(state);
  updateLineCap(state);
  updateLineWidth(state);
  updateFlatness(state);
  updateMiterLimit(state);
  updateFillColor(state);
  updateStrokeColor(state);
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  updateFillOpacity(state);
  updateStrokeOpacity(state);
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  updateBlendMode(state);
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  needFontUpdate = gTrue;
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  if (text)
    text->updateFont(state);
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::setDefaultCTM(double *ctm) {
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  matrix.xx = ctm[0];
  matrix.yx = ctm[1];
  matrix.xy = ctm[2];
  matrix.yy = ctm[3];
  matrix.x0 = ctm[4];
  matrix.y0 = ctm[5];

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  cairo_transform (cairo, &matrix);
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  if (cairo_shape)
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      cairo_transform (cairo_shape, &matrix);
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  OutputDev::setDefaultCTM(ctm);
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateCTM(GfxState *state, double m11, double m12,
				double m21, double m22,
				double m31, double m32) {
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  cairo_matrix_t matrix, invert_matrix;
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  matrix.xx = m11;
  matrix.yx = m12;
  matrix.xy = m21;
  matrix.yy = m22;
  matrix.x0 = m31;
  matrix.y0 = m32;

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  /* Make sure the matrix is invertible before setting it.
   * cairo will blow up if we give it a matrix that's not
   * invertible, so we need to check before passing it
   * to cairo_transform. Ignoring it is likely to give better
   * results than not rendering anything at all. See #14398
   *
   * Ideally, we could do the cairo_transform
   * and then check if anything went wrong and fix it then
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   * instead of having to invert the matrix. */
  invert_matrix = matrix;
  if (cairo_matrix_invert(&invert_matrix)) {
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    warning("matrix not invertible\n");
    return;
  }

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  cairo_transform (cairo, &matrix);
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_transform (cairo_shape, &matrix);
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  updateLineDash(state);
  updateLineJoin(state);
  updateLineCap(state);
  updateLineWidth(state);
}

void CairoOutputDev::updateLineDash(GfxState *state) {
  double *dashPattern;
  int dashLength;
  double dashStart;

  state->getLineDash(&dashPattern, &dashLength, &dashStart);
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  cairo_set_dash (cairo, dashPattern, dashLength, dashStart);
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_dash (cairo_shape, dashPattern, dashLength, dashStart);
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateFlatness(GfxState *state) {
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  // cairo_set_tolerance (cairo, state->getFlatness());
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateLineJoin(GfxState *state) {
  switch (state->getLineJoin()) {
  case 0:
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_MITER);
    break;
  case 1:
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_ROUND);
    break;
  case 2:
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_BEVEL);
    break;
  }
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo_shape, cairo_get_line_join(cairo));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateLineCap(GfxState *state) {
  switch (state->getLineCap()) {
  case 0:
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_CAP_BUTT);
    break;
  case 1:
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_CAP_ROUND);
    break;
  case 2:
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_CAP_SQUARE);
    break;
  }
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo_shape, cairo_get_line_cap(cairo));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateMiterLimit(GfxState *state) {
  cairo_set_miter_limit (cairo, state->getMiterLimit());
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_miter_limit (cairo_shape, state->getMiterLimit());
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}

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#define MIN(a,b) (((a) < (b)) ? (a) : (b))
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void CairoOutputDev::updateLineWidth(GfxState *state) {
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  LOG(printf ("line width: %f\n", state->getLineWidth()));
  if (state->getLineWidth() == 0.0) {
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    /* find out how big pixels (device unit) are in the x and y directions
     * choose the smaller of the two as our line width */
    double x = 1.0, y = 1.0;
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    if (printing) {
      // assume printer pixel size is 1/600 inch
      x = 72.0/600;
      y = 72.0/600;
    }
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    cairo_device_to_user_distance(cairo, &x, &y);
    cairo_set_line_width (cairo, MIN(fabs(x),fabs(y)));
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  } else {
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    cairo_set_line_width (cairo, state->getLineWidth());
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  }
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_line_width (cairo_shape, cairo_get_line_width (cairo));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateFillColor(GfxState *state) {
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  GfxRGB color = fill_color;
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  state->getFillRGB(&fill_color);
  if (color.r != fill_color.r ||
      color.g != fill_color.g ||
      color.b != fill_color.b)
  {
    cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
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    fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(colToDbl(fill_color.r),
					     colToDbl(fill_color.g),
					     colToDbl(fill_color.b),
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					     fill_opacity);

    LOG(printf ("fill color: %d %d %d\n",
		fill_color.r, fill_color.g, fill_color.b));
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateStrokeColor(GfxState *state) {
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  GfxRGB color = stroke_color;
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  state->getStrokeRGB(&stroke_color);
  if (color.r != stroke_color.r ||
      color.g != stroke_color.g ||
      color.b != stroke_color.b)
  {
    cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
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    stroke_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(colToDbl(stroke_color.r),
					       colToDbl(stroke_color.g),
					       colToDbl(stroke_color.b),
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					       stroke_opacity);

    LOG(printf ("stroke color: %d %d %d\n",
		stroke_color.r, stroke_color.g, stroke_color.b));
  }
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateFillOpacity(GfxState *state) {
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  double opacity = fill_opacity;
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  fill_opacity = state->getFillOpacity();
  if (opacity != fill_opacity) {
    cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
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    fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(colToDbl(fill_color.r),
					     colToDbl(fill_color.g),
					     colToDbl(fill_color.b),
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					     fill_opacity);

    LOG(printf ("fill opacity: %f\n", fill_opacity));
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateStrokeOpacity(GfxState *state) {
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  double opacity = stroke_opacity;
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  stroke_opacity = state->getStrokeOpacity();
  if (opacity != stroke_opacity) {
    cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
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    stroke_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(colToDbl(stroke_color.r),
					       colToDbl(stroke_color.g),
					       colToDbl(stroke_color.b),
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					       stroke_opacity);

    LOG(printf ("stroke opacity: %f\n", stroke_opacity));
  }
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateFillColorStop(GfxState *state, double offset) {
  state->getFillRGB(&fill_color);

  cairo_pattern_add_color_stop_rgba(fill_pattern, offset,
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				    colToDbl(fill_color.r),
				    colToDbl(fill_color.g),
				    colToDbl(fill_color.b),
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				    fill_opacity);
  LOG(printf ("fill color stop: %f (%d, %d, %d)\n",
	      offset, fill_color.r, fill_color.g, fill_color.b));
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateBlendMode(GfxState *state) {
  switch (state->getBlendMode()) {
  default:
  case gfxBlendNormal:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_OVER);
    break;
  case gfxBlendMultiply:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_MULTIPLY);
    break;
  case gfxBlendScreen:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_SCREEN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendOverlay:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_OVERLAY);
    break;
  case gfxBlendDarken:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_DARKEN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendLighten:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_LIGHTEN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendColorDodge:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_COLOR_DODGE);
    break;
  case gfxBlendColorBurn:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_COLOR_BURN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendHardLight:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HARD_LIGHT);
    break;
  case gfxBlendSoftLight:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_SOFT_LIGHT);
    break;
  case gfxBlendDifference:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_DIFFERENCE);
    break;
  case gfxBlendExclusion:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_EXCLUSION);
    break;
  case gfxBlendHue:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_HUE);
    break;
  case gfxBlendSaturation:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_SATURATION);
    break;
  case gfxBlendColor:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_COLOR);
    break;
  case gfxBlendLuminosity:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_LUMINOSITY);
    break;
  }
  LOG(printf ("blend mode: %d\n", (int)state->getBlendMode()));
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateFont(GfxState *state) {
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  cairo_font_face_t *font_face;
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  cairo_matrix_t matrix, invert_matrix;
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  LOG(printf ("updateFont() font=%s\n", state->getFont()->getName()->getCString()));
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  needFontUpdate = gFalse;

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  //FIXME: use cairo font engine?
  if (text)
    text->updateFont(state);
  
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  currentFont = fontEngine->getFont (state->getFont(), xref, catalog, printing);
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  if (!currentFont)
    return;
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  font_face = currentFont->getFontFace();
  cairo_set_font_face (cairo, font_face);
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  double fontSize = state->getFontSize();
  double *m = state->getTextMat();
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  /* NOTE: adjusting by a constant is hack. The correct solution
   * is probably to use user-fonts and compute the scale on a per
   * glyph basis instead of for the entire font */
  double w = currentFont->getSubstitutionCorrection(state->getFont());
  matrix.xx = m[0] * fontSize * state->getHorizScaling() * w;
  matrix.yx = m[1] * fontSize * state->getHorizScaling() * w;
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  matrix.xy = -m[2] * fontSize;
  matrix.yy = -m[3] * fontSize;
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  matrix.x0 = 0;
  matrix.y0 = 0;
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  LOG(printf ("font matrix: %f %f %f %f\n", matrix.xx, matrix.yx, matrix.xy, matrix.yy));

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 /* Make sure the font matrix is invertible before setting it.  cairo
  * will blow up if we give it a matrix that's not invertible, so we
  * need to check before passing it to cairo_set_font_matrix. Ignoring it
  * is likely to give better results than not rendering anything at
  * all. See #18254.
  */
  invert_matrix = matrix;
  if (cairo_matrix_invert(&invert_matrix)) {
    warning("font matrix not invertible\n");
    return;
  }

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  cairo_set_font_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::doPath(cairo_t *cairo, GfxState *state, GfxPath *path) {
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  GfxSubpath *subpath;
  int i, j;
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  cairo_new_path (cairo);
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  for (i = 0; i < path->getNumSubpaths(); ++i) {
    subpath = path->getSubpath(i);
    if (subpath->getNumPoints() > 0) {
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      cairo_move_to (cairo, subpath->getX(0), subpath->getY(0));
         j = 1;
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      while (j < subpath->getNumPoints()) {
	if (subpath->getCurve(j)) {
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	  cairo_curve_to( cairo,
			  subpath->getX(j), subpath->getY(j),
			  subpath->getX(j+1), subpath->getY(j+1),
			  subpath->getX(j+2), subpath->getY(j+2));

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	  j += 3;
	} else {
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	  cairo_line_to (cairo, subpath->getX(j), subpath->getY(j));
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	  ++j;
	}
      }
      if (subpath->isClosed()) {
	LOG (printf ("close\n"));
	cairo_close_path (cairo);
      }
    }
  }
}

void CairoOutputDev::stroke(GfxState *state) {
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  if (inType3Char) {
      GfxGray gray;
      state->getFillGray(&gray);
      if (colToDbl(gray) > 0.5)
	  return;
  }

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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_source (cairo, stroke_pattern);
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  LOG(printf ("stroke\n"));
  cairo_stroke (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_stroke (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::fill(GfxState *state) {
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  if (inType3Char) {
      GfxGray gray;
      state->getFillGray(&gray);
      if (colToDbl(gray) > 0.5)
	  return;
  }

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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
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  cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
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  LOG(printf ("fill\n"));
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  //XXX: how do we get the path
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  if (mask) {
    cairo_clip (cairo);
    cairo_mask (cairo, mask);
  } else {
    cairo_fill (cairo);
  }
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::eoFill(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
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  cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
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  LOG(printf ("fill-eo\n"));
  cairo_fill (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
  }

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}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::tilingPatternFill(GfxState *state, Catalog *cat, Object *str,
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					double *pmat, int paintType, int /*tilingType*/, Dict *resDict,
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					double *mat, double *bbox,
					int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1,
					double xStep, double yStep)
{
  PDFRectangle box;
  Gfx *gfx;
  cairo_pattern_t *pattern;
  cairo_surface_t *surface;
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  cairo_t *old_cairo;
  double xMin, yMin, xMax, yMax;
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  double width, height;
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  int surface_width, surface_height;
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  width = bbox[2] - bbox[0];
  height = bbox[3] - bbox[1];

  if (xStep != width || yStep != height)
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    return gFalse;
  /* TODO: implement the other cases here too */

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  surface_width = (int) ceil (width);
  surface_height = (int) ceil (height);

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  surface = cairo_surface_create_similar (cairo_get_target (cairo),
					  CAIRO_CONTENT_COLOR_ALPHA,
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					  surface_width, surface_height);
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  if (cairo_surface_status (surface))
    return gFalse;

  old_cairo = cairo;
  cairo = cairo_create (surface);
  cairo_surface_destroy (surface);

  box.x1 = bbox[0]; box.y1 = bbox[1];
  box.x2 = bbox[2]; box.y2 = bbox[3];
  gfx = new Gfx(xref, this, resDict, catalog, &box, NULL);
  gfx->display(str);
  delete gfx;

  pattern = cairo_pattern_create_for_surface (cairo_get_target (cairo));
  cairo_destroy (cairo);
  cairo = old_cairo;
  if (cairo_pattern_status (pattern))
    return gFalse;

  state->getUserClipBBox(&xMin, &yMin, &xMax, &yMax);
  cairo_rectangle (cairo, xMin, yMin, xMax - xMin, yMax - yMin);

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  cairo_matrix_init_scale (&matrix, surface_width / width, surface_height / height);
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  cairo_pattern_set_matrix (pattern, &matrix);

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  cairo_matrix_init (&matrix, mat[0], mat[1], mat[2], mat[3], mat[4], mat[5]);
  cairo_transform (cairo, &matrix);
  cairo_set_source (cairo, pattern);
  cairo_pattern_set_extend (pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_REPEAT);
  cairo_fill (cairo);

  cairo_pattern_destroy (pattern);

  return gTrue;
}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::axialShadedFill(GfxState *state, GfxAxialShading *shading, double tMin, double tMax) {
  double x0, y0, x1, y1;
  double dx, dy;

  shading->getCoords(&x0, &y0, &x1, &y1);
  dx = x1 - x0;
  dy = y1 - y0;

  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_linear (x0 + tMin * dx, y0 + tMin * dy,
					      x0 + tMax * dx, y0 + tMax * dy);
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  if (!shading->getExtend0() && !shading->getExtend1())
    cairo_pattern_set_extend (fill_pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_NONE);
  else
    cairo_pattern_set_extend (fill_pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_PAD);
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  LOG (printf ("axial-sh\n"));

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  // TODO: use the actual stops in the shading in the case
  // of linear interpolation (Type 2 Exponential functions with N=1)
  return gFalse;
}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::axialShadedSupportExtend(GfxState *state, GfxAxialShading *shading)
{
  return (shading->getExtend0() == shading->getExtend1());
}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::radialShadedFill(GfxState *state, GfxRadialShading *shading, double sMin, double sMax) {
  double x0, y0, r0, x1, y1, r1;
  double dx, dy, dr;

  shading->getCoords(&x0, &y0, &r0, &x1, &y1, &r1);
  dx = x1 - x0;
  dy = y1 - y0;
  dr = r1 - r0;
  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_radial (x0 + sMin * dx,
					      y0 + sMin * dy,
					      r0 + sMin * dr,
					      x0 + sMax * dx,
					      y0 + sMax * dy,
					      r0 + sMax * dr);
  if (shading->getExtend0() && shading->getExtend1())
    cairo_pattern_set_extend (fill_pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_PAD);
  else
    cairo_pattern_set_extend (fill_pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_NONE);

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  LOG (printf ("radial-sh\n"));

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  return gFalse;
}

GBool CairoOutputDev::radialShadedSupportExtend(GfxState *state, GfxRadialShading *shading)
{
  return (shading->getExtend0() == shading->getExtend1());
}

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#if CAIRO_VERSION == CAIRO_VERSION_ENCODE(1, 11, 2)
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GBool CairoOutputDev::gouraudTriangleShadedFill(GfxState *state, GfxGouraudTriangleShading *shading)
{
  double x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2;
  GfxColor color[3];
  int i, j;
  GfxRGB rgb;

  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_mesh ();

  for (i = 0; i < shading->getNTriangles(); i++) {
    shading->getTriangle(i,
			 &x0, &y0, &color[0],
			 &x1, &y1, &color[1],
			 &x2, &y2, &color[2]);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_begin_patch (fill_pattern);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_move_to (fill_pattern, x0, y0);
    cairo_pattern_mesh_line_to (fill_pattern, x1, y1);
    cairo_pattern_mesh_line_to (fill_pattern, x2, y2);

    for (j = 0; j < 3; j++) {
	shading->getColorSpace()->getRGB(&color[j], &rgb);
	cairo_pattern_mesh_set_corner_color_rgb (fill_pattern, j,
						 colToDbl(rgb.r),
						 colToDbl(rgb.g),
						 colToDbl(rgb.b));
    }

    cairo_pattern_mesh_end_patch (fill_pattern);
  }

  double xMin, yMin, xMax, yMax;
  // get the clip region bbox
  state->getUserClipBBox(&xMin, &yMin, &xMax, &yMax);
  state->moveTo(xMin, yMin);
  state->lineTo(xMin, yMax);
  state->lineTo(xMax, yMax);
  state->lineTo(xMax, yMin);
  state->closePath();
  fill(state);
  state->clearPath();

  return gTrue;
}

GBool CairoOutputDev::patchMeshShadedFill(GfxState *state, GfxPatchMeshShading *shading)
{
  int i, j, k;

  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_mesh ();

  for (i = 0; i < shading->getNPatches(); i++) {
    GfxPatch *patch = shading->getPatch(i);
    GfxColor color;
    GfxRGB rgb;

    cairo_pattern_mesh_begin_patch (fill_pattern);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_move_to (fill_pattern, patch->x[0][0], patch->y[0][0]);
    cairo_pattern_mesh_curve_to (fill_pattern,
			    patch->x[0][1], patch->y[0][1],
			    patch->x[0][2], patch->y[0][2],
			    patch->x[0][3], patch->y[0][3]);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_curve_to (fill_pattern,
			    patch->x[1][3], patch->y[1][3],
			    patch->x[2][3], patch->y[2][3],
			    patch->x[3][3], patch->y[3][3]);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_curve_to (fill_pattern,
			    patch->x[3][2], patch->y[3][2],
			    patch->x[3][1], patch->y[3][1],
			    patch->x[3][0], patch->y[3][0]);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_curve_to (fill_pattern,
			    patch->x[2][0], patch->y[2][0],
			    patch->x[1][0], patch->y[1][0],
			    patch->x[0][0], patch->y[0][0]);

    cairo_pattern_mesh_set_control_point (fill_pattern, 0, patch->x[1][1], patch->y[1][1]);
    cairo_pattern_mesh_set_control_point (fill_pattern, 1, patch->x[1][2], patch->y[1][2]);
    cairo_pattern_mesh_set_control_point (fill_pattern, 2, patch->x[2][2], patch->y[2][2]);
    cairo_pattern_mesh_set_control_point (fill_pattern, 3, patch->x[2][1], patch->y[2][1]);

    for (j = 0; j < 4; j++) {
      int u, v;

      switch (j) {
	case 0:
	  u = 0; v = 0;
	  break;
	case 1:
	  u = 0; v = 1;
	  break;
	case 2:
	  u = 1; v = 1;
	  break;
	case 3:
	  u = 1; v = 0;
	  break;
      }

      if (shading->isParameterized()) {
	shading->getParameterizedColor (patch->color[u][v].c[0], &color);
      } else {
	for (k = 0; k < shading->getColorSpace()->getNComps(); k++) {
          // simply cast to the desired type; that's all what is needed.
	  color.c[k] = GfxColorComp (patch->color[u][v].c[k]);
	}
      }

      shading->getColorSpace()->getRGB(&color, &rgb);
      cairo_pattern_mesh_set_corner_color_rgb (fill_pattern, j,
					       colToDbl(rgb.r),
					       colToDbl(rgb.g),
					       colToDbl(rgb.b));
    }
    cairo_pattern_mesh_end_patch (fill_pattern);
  }

  double xMin, yMin, xMax, yMax;
  // get the clip region bbox
  state->getUserClipBBox(&xMin, &yMin, &xMax, &yMax);
  state->moveTo(xMin, yMin);
  state->lineTo(xMin, yMax);
  state->lineTo(xMax, yMax);
  state->lineTo(xMax, yMin);
  state->closePath();
  fill(state);
  state->clearPath();

  return gTrue;
}
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#endif /* CAIRO_VERSION == CAIRO_VERSION_ENCODE(1, 11, 2) */
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void CairoOutputDev::clip(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
  cairo_clip (cairo);
  LOG (printf ("clip\n"));
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
    cairo_clip (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::eoClip(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
  cairo_clip (cairo);
  LOG (printf ("clip-eo\n"));
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
    cairo_clip (cairo_shape);
  }

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}

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void CairoOutputDev::clipToStrokePath(GfxState *state) {
  LOG(printf("clip-to-stroke-path\n"));
}

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void CairoOutputDev::beginString(GfxState *state, GooString *s)
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{
  int len = s->getLength();
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  if (needFontUpdate)
    updateFont(state);

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  if (!currentFont)
    return;

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  glyphs = (cairo_glyph_t *) gmallocn (len, sizeof (cairo_glyph_t));
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  glyphCount = 0;
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  if (printing) {
    clusters = (cairo_text_cluster_t *) gmallocn (len, sizeof (cairo_text_cluster_t));
    clusterCount = 0;
    utf8Max = len*2; // start with twice the number of glyphs. we will realloc if we need more.
    utf8 = (char *) gmalloc (utf8Max);
    utf8Count = 0;
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::drawChar(GfxState *state, double x, double y,
			      double dx, double dy,
			      double originX, double originY,
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			      CharCode code, int nBytes, Unicode *u, int uLen)
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{
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  if (currentFont) {
    glyphs[glyphCount].index = currentFont->getGlyph (code, u, uLen);
    glyphs[glyphCount].x = x - originX;
    glyphs[glyphCount].y = y - originY;
    glyphCount++;
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    if (printing) {
      if (utf8Max - utf8Count < uLen*6) {
        // utf8 encoded characters can be up to 6 bytes
	if (utf8Max > uLen*6)
	  utf8Max *= 2;
	else
	  utf8Max += 2*uLen*6;
	utf8 = (char *) grealloc (utf8, utf8Max);
      }
      clusters[clusterCount].num_bytes = 0;
      for (int i = 0; i < uLen; i++) {
	int size = mapUTF8 (u[i], utf8 + utf8Count, utf8Max - utf8Count);
	utf8Count += size;
	clusters[clusterCount].num_bytes += size;
      }
      clusters[clusterCount].num_glyphs = 1;
      clusterCount++;
    }
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  }

  if (!text)
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    return;
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  actualText->addChar (state, x, y, dx, dy, code, nBytes, u, uLen);
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}

void CairoOutputDev::endString(GfxState *state)
{
  int render;

  if (!currentFont)
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    return;
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  // endString can be called without a corresponding beginString. If this
  // happens glyphs will be null so don't draw anything, just return.
  // XXX: OutputDevs should probably not have to deal with this...
  if (!glyphs)
    return;

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  // ignore empty strings and invisible text -- this is used by
  // Acrobat Capture
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  render = state->getRender();
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  if (render == 3 || glyphCount == 0) {
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    gfree(glyphs);
    glyphs = NULL;
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    return;
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  }
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  if (!(render & 1) && !haveCSPattern) {
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    LOG (printf ("fill string\n"));
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    cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
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    if (printing)
      cairo_show_text_glyphs (cairo, utf8, utf8Count, glyphs, glyphCount, clusters, clusterCount, (cairo_text_cluster_flags_t)0);
    else
        cairo_show_glyphs (cairo, glyphs, glyphCount);
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    if (cairo_shape)
      cairo_show_glyphs (cairo_shape, glyphs, glyphCount);
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  }
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  // stroke
  if ((render & 3) == 1 || (render & 3) == 2) {
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    LOG (printf ("stroke string\n"));
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    cairo_set_source (cairo, stroke_pattern);
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    cairo_glyph_path (cairo, glyphs, glyphCount);
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    cairo_stroke (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_glyph_path (cairo_shape, glyphs, glyphCount);
      cairo_stroke (cairo_shape);
    }
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  }

  // clip
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  if (haveCSPattern || (render & 4)) {
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    LOG (printf ("clip string\n"));
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    // append the glyph path to textClipPath.

    // set textClipPath as the currentPath
    if (textClipPath) {
      cairo_append_path (cairo, textClipPath);
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      if (cairo_shape) {
	cairo_append_path (cairo_shape, textClipPath);
      }
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      cairo_path_destroy (textClipPath);
    }
    
    // append the glyph path
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    cairo_glyph_path (cairo, glyphs, glyphCount);
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    // move the path back into textClipPath 
    // and clear the current path
    textClipPath = cairo_copy_path (cairo);
    cairo_new_path (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_new_path (cairo_shape);
    }
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  }
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  gfree (glyphs);
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  glyphs = NULL;
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  if (printing) {
    gfree (clusters);
    clusters = NULL;
    gfree (utf8);
    utf8 = NULL;
  }
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}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::beginType3Char(GfxState *state, double x, double y,
				      double dx, double dy,
				      CharCode code, Unicode *u, int uLen) {
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  cairo_save (cairo);
  double *ctm;
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;

  ctm = state->getCTM();
  matrix.xx = ctm[0];
  matrix.yx = ctm[1];
  matrix.xy = ctm[2];
  matrix.yy = ctm[3];
  matrix.x0 = ctm[4];
  matrix.y0 = ctm[5];
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  /* Restore the original matrix and then transform to matrix needed for the
   * type3 font. This is ugly but seems to work. Perhaps there is a better way to do it?*/
  cairo_set_matrix(cairo, &orig_matrix);
  cairo_transform(cairo, &matrix);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_save (cairo_shape);
    cairo_set_matrix(cairo_shape, &orig_matrix);
    cairo_transform(cairo_shape, &matrix);
  }
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
  cairo_pattern_reference(fill_pattern);
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  stroke_pattern = fill_pattern;
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  return gFalse;
}

void CairoOutputDev::endType3Char(GfxState *state) {
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  cairo_restore (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_restore (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::type3D0(GfxState *state, double wx, double wy) {
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  t3_glyph_wx = wx;
  t3_glyph_wy = wy;
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}

void CairoOutputDev::type3D1(GfxState *state, double wx, double wy,
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			     double llx, double lly, double urx, double ury) {
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  t3_glyph_wx = wx;
  t3_glyph_wy = wy;
  t3_glyph_bbox[0] = llx;
  t3_glyph_bbox[1] = lly;
  t3_glyph_bbox[2] = urx;
  t3_glyph_bbox[3] = ury;
  t3_glyph_has_bbox = gTrue;
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::beginTextObject(GfxState *state) {
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  if (!(state->getRender() & 4) && state->getFillColorSpace()->getMode() == csPattern) {
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    haveCSPattern = gTrue;
    saveState(state);
  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::endTextObject(GfxState *state) {
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  if (haveCSPattern) {
    haveCSPattern = gFalse;
    if (state->getFillColorSpace()->getMode() != csPattern) {
      if (textClipPath) {
	cairo_new_path (cairo);
	cairo_append_path (cairo, textClipPath);
	cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
	cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
	cairo_fill (cairo);
	if (cairo_shape) {
	  cairo_new_path (cairo_shape);
	  cairo_append_path (cairo_shape, textClipPath);
	  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
	  cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
	}
	cairo_path_destroy (textClipPath);
	textClipPath = NULL;
      }
      restoreState(state);
      updateFillColor(state);
    }
  }

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  if (textClipPath) {
    // clip the accumulated text path
    cairo_append_path (cairo, textClipPath);
    cairo_clip (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_append_path (cairo_shape, textClipPath);
      cairo_clip (cairo_shape);
    }
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    cairo_path_destroy (textClipPath);
    textClipPath = NULL;
  }
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::beginMarkedContent(char *name, Dict *properties)
{
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  if (text)
    actualText->beginMC(properties);
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}

void CairoOutputDev::endMarkedContent(GfxState *state)
{
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  if (text)
    actualText->endMC(state);
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}

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static inline int splashRound(SplashCoord x) {
  return (int)floor(x + 0.5);
}

static inline int splashCeil(SplashCoord x) {
  return (int)ceil(x);
}

static inline int splashFloor(SplashCoord x) {
  return (int)floor(x);
}

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static
cairo_surface_t *cairo_surface_create_similar_clip (cairo_t *cairo, cairo_content_t content)
{
  double x1, y1, x2, y2;
  int width, height;
  cairo_clip_extents (cairo, &x1, &y1, &x2, &y2);
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  cairo_get_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
  //cairo_matrix_transform_point(&matrix, &x1, &y1);
  //cairo_matrix_transform_point(&matrix, &x2, &y2);*/
  cairo_user_to_device(cairo, &x1, &y1);
  cairo_user_to_device(cairo, &x2, &y2);
  width = splashCeil(x2) - splashFloor(x1);
  //XXX: negative matrix
  ////height = splashCeil(y2) - splashFloor(y1);
  height = splashFloor(y1) - splashCeil(y2);
  cairo_surface_t *target = cairo_get_target (cairo);
  cairo_surface_t *result;

  result = cairo_surface_create_similar (target, content, width, height);
  double x_offset, y_offset;
    cairo_surface_get_device_offset(target, &x_offset, &y_offset);
    cairo_surface_set_device_offset(result, x_offset, y_offset);

 
  return result;
}



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void CairoOutputDev::beginTransparencyGroup(GfxState * /*state*/, double * /*bbox*/,
                                      GfxColorSpace * blendingColorSpace,
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                                      GBool /*isolated*/, GBool knockout,
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				      GBool forSoftMask) {
  /* push color space */
  ColorSpaceStack* css = new ColorSpaceStack;
  css->cs = blendingColorSpace;
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  css->knockout = knockout;
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  css->next = groupColorSpaceStack;
  groupColorSpaceStack = css;
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  LOG(printf ("begin transparency group. knockout: %s\n", knockout ? "yes":"no"));

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  if (knockout) {
    knockoutCount++;
    if (!cairo_shape) {
      /* create a surface for tracking the shape */
      cairo_surface_t *cairo_shape_surface = cairo_surface_create_similar_clip (cairo, CAIRO_CONTENT_ALPHA);
      cairo_shape = cairo_create (cairo_shape_surface);
      cairo_surface_destroy (cairo_shape_surface);

      /* the color doesn't matter as long as it is opaque */
      cairo_set_source_rgb (cairo_shape, 0, 0, 0);
      cairo_matrix_t matrix;
      cairo_get_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
      //printMatrix(&matrix);
      cairo_set_matrix (cairo_shape, &matrix);
    } else {
      cairo_reference (cairo_shape);
    }
  }
  if (groupColorSpaceStack->next && groupColorSpaceStack->next->knockout) {
    /* we need to track the shape */
    cairo_push_group (cairo_shape);
  }
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  if (0 && forSoftMask)
    cairo_push_group_with_content (cairo, CAIRO_CONTENT_ALPHA);
  else
    cairo_push_group (cairo);
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  /* push_group has an implicit cairo_save() */
  if (knockout) {
    /*XXX: let's hope this matches the semantics needed */
    cairo_set_operator(cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_SOURCE);
  } else {
    cairo_set_operator(cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_OVER);
  }
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::endTransparencyGroup(GfxState * /*state*/) {
  if (group)
    cairo_pattern_destroy(group);
  group = cairo_pop_group (cairo);
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  LOG(printf ("end transparency group\n"));

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  if (groupColorSpaceStack->next && groupColorSpaceStack->next->knockout) {
    if (shape)
      cairo_pattern_destroy(shape);
    shape = cairo_pop_group (cairo_shape);
  }
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::paintTransparencyGroup(GfxState * /*state*/, double * /*bbox*/) {
  cairo_set_source (cairo, group);

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  LOG(printf ("paint transparency group\n"));

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  if (!mask) {
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    //XXX: deal with mask && shape case
    if (shape) {
      cairo_save (cairo);

      /* OPERATOR_SOURCE w/ a mask is defined as (src IN mask) ADD (dest OUT mask)
       * however our source has already been clipped to mask so we only need to
       * do ADD and OUT */

      /* clear the shape mask */
      cairo_set_source (cairo, shape);
      cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_DEST_OUT);
      cairo_paint (cairo);

      cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_ADD);
      cairo_set_source (cairo, group);
      cairo_paint (cairo);

      cairo_restore (cairo);

      cairo_pattern_destroy (shape);
      shape = NULL;
    } else {
      cairo_paint_with_alpha (cairo, fill_opacity);
    }
    cairo_status_t status = cairo_status(cairo);
    if (status)
      printf("BAD status: %s\n", cairo_status_to_string(status));
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  } else {
    cairo_mask(cairo, mask);

    cairo_pattern_destroy(mask);
    mask = NULL;
  }

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  popTransparencyGroup();
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}

static uint32_t luminocity(uint32_t x)
{
  int r = (x >> 16) & 0xff;
  int g = (x >>  8) & 0xff;
  int b = (x >>  0) & 0xff;
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  // an arbitrary integer approximation of .3*r + .59*g + .11*b
  int y = (r*19661+g*38666+b*7209 + 32829)>>16;
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  return y << 24;
}


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/* XXX: do we need to deal with shape here? */