CairoOutputDev.cc 59.9 KB
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//========================================================================
//
// CairoOutputDev.cc
//
// Copyright 2003 Glyph & Cog, LLC
// Copyright 2004 Red Hat, Inc
//
//========================================================================
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//========================================================================
//
// Modified under the Poppler project - http://poppler.freedesktop.org
//
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// All changes made under the Poppler project to this file are licensed
// under GPL version 2 or later
//
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// Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Jeff Muizelaar <jeff@infidigm.net>
// Copyright (C) 2005, 2006 Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
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// Copyright (C) 2005, 2009 Albert Astals Cid <aacid@kde.org>
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// Copyright (C) 2005 Nickolay V. Shmyrev <nshmyrev@yandex.ru>
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// Copyright (C) 2006-2009 Carlos Garcia Campos <carlosgc@gnome.org>
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// Copyright (C) 2008 Carl Worth <cworth@cworth.org>
// Copyright (C) 2008 Adrian Johnson <ajohnson@redneon.com>
// Copyright (C) 2008 Michael Vrable <mvrable@cs.ucsd.edu>
// Copyright (C) 2008 Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
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// Copyright (C) 2008 Hib Eris <hib@hiberis.nl>
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//
// To see a description of the changes please see the Changelog file that
// came with your tarball or type make ChangeLog if you are building from git
//
//========================================================================
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#include <config.h>

#ifdef USE_GCC_PRAGMAS
#pragma implementation
#endif

#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
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#include <assert.h>
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#include <cairo.h>

#include "goo/gfile.h"
#include "GlobalParams.h"
#include "Error.h"
#include "Object.h"
#include "GfxState.h"
#include "GfxFont.h"
#include "Link.h"
#include "CharCodeToUnicode.h"
#include "FontEncodingTables.h"
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#include "PDFDocEncoding.h"
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#include <fofi/FoFiTrueType.h>
#include <splash/SplashBitmap.h>
#include "CairoOutputDev.h"
#include "CairoFontEngine.h"
//------------------------------------------------------------------------

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// #define LOG_CAIRO
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#ifdef LOG_CAIRO
#define LOG(x) (x)
#else
#define LOG(x)
#endif

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static inline void printMatrix(cairo_matrix_t *matrix){
	printf("%f %f, %f %f (%f %f)\n", matrix->xx, matrix->yx,
			matrix->xy, matrix->yy,
			matrix->x0, matrix->y0);
}

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//------------------------------------------------------------------------
// CairoImage
//------------------------------------------------------------------------

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CairoImage::CairoImage (double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2) {
  this->image = NULL;
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  this->x1 = x1;
  this->y1 = y1;
  this->x2 = x2;
  this->y2 = y2;
}

CairoImage::~CairoImage () {
  if (image)
    cairo_surface_destroy (image);
}
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void CairoImage::setImage (cairo_surface_t *image) {
  if (this->image)
    cairo_surface_destroy (this->image);
  this->image = cairo_surface_reference (image);
}

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//------------------------------------------------------------------------
// CairoOutputDev
//------------------------------------------------------------------------

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// We cannot tie the lifetime of an FT_Library object to that of
// CairoOutputDev, since any FT_Faces created with it may end up with a
// reference by Cairo which can be held long after the CairoOutputDev is
// deleted.  The simplest way to avoid problems is to never tear down the
// FT_Library instance; to avoid leaks, just use a single global instance
// initialized the first time it is needed.
FT_Library CairoOutputDev::ft_lib;
GBool CairoOutputDev::ft_lib_initialized = gFalse;

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CairoOutputDev::CairoOutputDev() {
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  xref = NULL;
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  catalog = NULL;
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  if (!ft_lib_initialized) {
    FT_Init_FreeType(&ft_lib);
    ft_lib_initialized = gTrue;
  }

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  fontEngine = NULL;
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  fontEngine_owner = gFalse;
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  glyphs = NULL;
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  fill_pattern = NULL;
  stroke_pattern = NULL;
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  stroke_opacity = 1.0;
  fill_opacity = 1.0;
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  textClipPath = NULL;
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  haveCSPattern = gFalse;
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  cairo = NULL;
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  currentFont = NULL;
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  prescaleImages = gTrue;
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  printing = gTrue;
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  inType3Char = gFalse;
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  t3_glyph_has_bbox = gFalse;
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  groupColorSpaceStack = NULL;
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  maskStack = NULL;
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  group = NULL;
  mask = NULL;
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  shape = NULL;
  cairo_shape = NULL;
  knockoutCount = 0;
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  text = NULL;
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  actualText = NULL;
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}

CairoOutputDev::~CairoOutputDev() {
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  if (fontEngine_owner && fontEngine) {
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    delete fontEngine;
  }
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  if (cairo)
    cairo_destroy (cairo);
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  cairo_pattern_destroy (stroke_pattern);
  cairo_pattern_destroy (fill_pattern);
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  if (group)
    cairo_pattern_destroy (group);
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  if (mask)
    cairo_pattern_destroy (mask);
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  if (shape)
    cairo_pattern_destroy (shape);
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  if (text) 
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    text->decRefCnt();
  if (actualText)
    delete actualText;  
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::setCairo(cairo_t *cairo)
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{
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  if (this->cairo != NULL) {
    cairo_status_t status = cairo_status (this->cairo);
    if (status) {
      warning("cairo context error: %s\n", cairo_status_to_string(status));
    }
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    cairo_destroy (this->cairo);
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    assert(!cairo_shape);
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  }
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  if (cairo != NULL) {
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    this->cairo = cairo_reference (cairo);
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	/* save the initial matrix so that we can use it for type3 fonts. */
	//XXX: is this sufficient? could we miss changes to the matrix somehow?
	cairo_get_matrix(cairo, &orig_matrix);
  } else {
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    this->cairo = NULL;
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    this->cairo_shape = NULL;
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  }
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::setTextPage(TextPage *text)
{
  if (this->text) 
    this->text->decRefCnt();
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  if (actualText)
    delete actualText;
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  if (text) {
    this->text = text;
    this->text->incRefCnt();
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    actualText = new ActualText(text);
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  } else {
    this->text = NULL;
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    actualText = NULL;
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  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::startDoc(XRef *xrefA, Catalog *catalogA,
			      CairoFontEngine *parentFontEngine) {
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  xref = xrefA;
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  catalog = catalogA;
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  if (parentFontEngine) {
    fontEngine = parentFontEngine;
  } else {
    if (fontEngine) {
      delete fontEngine;
    }
    fontEngine = new CairoFontEngine(ft_lib);
    fontEngine_owner = gTrue;
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  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::startPage(int pageNum, GfxState *state) {
  /* set up some per page defaults */
  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgb(0., 0., 0.);

  cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
  stroke_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgb(0., 0., 0.);
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  if (text)
    text->startPage(state);
}

void CairoOutputDev::endPage() {
  if (text) {
    text->endPage();
    text->coalesce(gTrue, gFalse);
  }
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::drawLink(Link *link, Catalog *catalog) {
}

void CairoOutputDev::saveState(GfxState *state) {
  LOG(printf ("save\n"));
  cairo_save (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape)
      cairo_save (cairo_shape);
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  MaskStack *ms = new MaskStack;
  ms->mask = cairo_pattern_reference(mask);
  ms->next = maskStack;
  maskStack = ms;
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}

void CairoOutputDev::restoreState(GfxState *state) {
  LOG(printf ("restore\n"));
  cairo_restore (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape)
      cairo_restore (cairo_shape);
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  /* These aren't restored by cairo_restore() since we keep them in
   * the output device. */
  updateFillColor(state);
  updateStrokeColor(state);
  updateFillOpacity(state);
  updateStrokeOpacity(state);
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  updateBlendMode(state);
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  MaskStack* ms = maskStack;
  if (mask)
    cairo_pattern_destroy(mask);

  mask = ms->mask;
  maskStack = ms->next;
  delete ms;
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateAll(GfxState *state) {
  updateLineDash(state);
  updateLineJoin(state);
  updateLineCap(state);
  updateLineWidth(state);
  updateFlatness(state);
  updateMiterLimit(state);
  updateFillColor(state);
  updateStrokeColor(state);
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  updateFillOpacity(state);
  updateStrokeOpacity(state);
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  updateBlendMode(state);
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  needFontUpdate = gTrue;
}

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void CairoOutputDev::setDefaultCTM(double *ctm) {
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  matrix.xx = ctm[0];
  matrix.yx = ctm[1];
  matrix.xy = ctm[2];
  matrix.yy = ctm[3];
  matrix.x0 = ctm[4];
  matrix.y0 = ctm[5];

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  cairo_transform (cairo, &matrix);
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  if (cairo_shape)
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      cairo_transform (cairo_shape, &matrix);
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  OutputDev::setDefaultCTM(ctm);
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateCTM(GfxState *state, double m11, double m12,
				double m21, double m22,
				double m31, double m32) {
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  cairo_matrix_t matrix, invert_matrix;
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  matrix.xx = m11;
  matrix.yx = m12;
  matrix.xy = m21;
  matrix.yy = m22;
  matrix.x0 = m31;
  matrix.y0 = m32;

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  /* Make sure the matrix is invertible before setting it.
   * cairo will blow up if we give it a matrix that's not
   * invertible, so we need to check before passing it
   * to cairo_transform. Ignoring it is likely to give better
   * results than not rendering anything at all. See #14398
   *
   * Ideally, we could do the cairo_transform
   * and then check if anything went wrong and fix it then
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   * instead of having to invert the matrix. */
  invert_matrix = matrix;
  if (cairo_matrix_invert(&invert_matrix)) {
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    warning("matrix not invertible\n");
    return;
  }

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  cairo_transform (cairo, &matrix);
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_transform (cairo_shape, &matrix);
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  updateLineDash(state);
  updateLineJoin(state);
  updateLineCap(state);
  updateLineWidth(state);
}

void CairoOutputDev::updateLineDash(GfxState *state) {
  double *dashPattern;
  int dashLength;
  double dashStart;

  state->getLineDash(&dashPattern, &dashLength, &dashStart);
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  cairo_set_dash (cairo, dashPattern, dashLength, dashStart);
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_dash (cairo_shape, dashPattern, dashLength, dashStart);
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateFlatness(GfxState *state) {
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  // cairo_set_tolerance (cairo, state->getFlatness());
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateLineJoin(GfxState *state) {
  switch (state->getLineJoin()) {
  case 0:
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_MITER);
    break;
  case 1:
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_ROUND);
    break;
  case 2:
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_BEVEL);
    break;
  }
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_line_join (cairo_shape, cairo_get_line_join(cairo));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateLineCap(GfxState *state) {
  switch (state->getLineCap()) {
  case 0:
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_CAP_BUTT);
    break;
  case 1:
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_CAP_ROUND);
    break;
  case 2:
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo, CAIRO_LINE_CAP_SQUARE);
    break;
  }
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_line_cap (cairo_shape, cairo_get_line_cap(cairo));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateMiterLimit(GfxState *state) {
  cairo_set_miter_limit (cairo, state->getMiterLimit());
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_miter_limit (cairo_shape, state->getMiterLimit());
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}

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#define MIN(a,b) (((a) < (b)) ? (a) : (b))
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void CairoOutputDev::updateLineWidth(GfxState *state) {
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  LOG(printf ("line width: %f\n", state->getLineWidth()));
  if (state->getLineWidth() == 0.0) {
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    /* find out how big pixels (device unit) are in the x and y directions
     * choose the smaller of the two as our line width */
    double x = 1.0, y = 1.0;
    cairo_device_to_user_distance(cairo, &x, &y);
    cairo_set_line_width (cairo, MIN(fabs(x),fabs(y)));
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  } else {
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    cairo_set_line_width (cairo, state->getLineWidth());
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  }
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  if (cairo_shape)
    cairo_set_line_width (cairo_shape, cairo_get_line_width (cairo));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateFillColor(GfxState *state) {
  state->getFillRGB(&fill_color);
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(fill_color.r / 65535.0,
					   fill_color.g / 65535.0,
					   fill_color.b / 65535.0,
					   fill_opacity);

  LOG(printf ("fill color: %d %d %d\n",
	      fill_color.r, fill_color.g, fill_color.b));
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}

void CairoOutputDev::updateStrokeColor(GfxState *state) {
  state->getStrokeRGB(&stroke_color);
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
  stroke_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(stroke_color.r / 65535.0,
					     stroke_color.g / 65535.0,
					     stroke_color.b / 65535.0,
					     stroke_opacity);
  
  LOG(printf ("stroke color: %d %d %d\n",
	      stroke_color.r, stroke_color.g, stroke_color.b));
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateFillOpacity(GfxState *state) {
  fill_opacity = state->getFillOpacity();
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(fill_color.r / 65535.0,
					   fill_color.g / 65535.0,
					   fill_color.b / 65535.0,
					   fill_opacity);

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  LOG(printf ("fill opacity: %f\n", fill_opacity));
}

void CairoOutputDev::updateStrokeOpacity(GfxState *state) {
  stroke_opacity = state->getStrokeOpacity();
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
  stroke_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_rgba(stroke_color.r / 65535.0,
					     stroke_color.g / 65535.0,
					     stroke_color.b / 65535.0,
					     stroke_opacity);
  
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  LOG(printf ("stroke opacity: %f\n", stroke_opacity));
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateFillColorStop(GfxState *state, double offset) {
  state->getFillRGB(&fill_color);

  cairo_pattern_add_color_stop_rgba(fill_pattern, offset,
				    fill_color.r / 65535.0,
				    fill_color.g / 65535.0,
				    fill_color.b / 65535.0,
				    fill_opacity);
  LOG(printf ("fill color stop: %f (%d, %d, %d)\n",
	      offset, fill_color.r, fill_color.g, fill_color.b));
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateBlendMode(GfxState *state) {
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_BLEND_MODES
  switch (state->getBlendMode()) {
  default:
  case gfxBlendNormal:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_OVER);
    break;
  case gfxBlendMultiply:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_MULTIPLY);
    break;
  case gfxBlendScreen:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_SCREEN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendOverlay:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_OVERLAY);
    break;
  case gfxBlendDarken:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_DARKEN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendLighten:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_LIGHTEN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendColorDodge:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_COLOR_DODGE);
    break;
  case gfxBlendColorBurn:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_COLOR_BURN);
    break;
  case gfxBlendHardLight:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HARD_LIGHT);
    break;
  case gfxBlendSoftLight:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_SOFT_LIGHT);
    break;
  case gfxBlendDifference:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_DIFFERENCE);
    break;
  case gfxBlendExclusion:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_EXCLUSION);
    break;
  case gfxBlendHue:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_HUE);
    break;
  case gfxBlendSaturation:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_SATURATION);
    break;
  case gfxBlendColor:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_COLOR);
    break;
  case gfxBlendLuminosity:
    cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_HSL_LUMINOSITY);
    break;
  }
  LOG(printf ("blend mode: %d\n", (int)state->getBlendMode()));
#endif /* CAIRO_HAS_BLEND_MODES */
}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateFont(GfxState *state) {
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  cairo_font_face_t *font_face;
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  cairo_matrix_t matrix, invert_matrix;
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  LOG(printf ("updateFont() font=%s\n", state->getFont()->getName()->getCString()));
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  needFontUpdate = gFalse;

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  //FIXME: use cairo font engine?
  if (text)
    text->updateFont(state);
  
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  currentFont = fontEngine->getFont (state->getFont(), xref, catalog, printing);
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  if (!currentFont)
    return;
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  font_face = currentFont->getFontFace();
  cairo_set_font_face (cairo, font_face);
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  double fontSize = state->getFontSize();
  double *m = state->getTextMat();
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  /* NOTE: adjusting by a constant is hack. The correct solution
   * is probably to use user-fonts and compute the scale on a per
   * glyph basis instead of for the entire font */
  double w = currentFont->getSubstitutionCorrection(state->getFont());
  matrix.xx = m[0] * fontSize * state->getHorizScaling() * w;
  matrix.yx = m[1] * fontSize * state->getHorizScaling() * w;
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  matrix.xy = -m[2] * fontSize;
  matrix.yy = -m[3] * fontSize;
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  matrix.x0 = 0;
  matrix.y0 = 0;
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  LOG(printf ("font matrix: %f %f %f %f\n", matrix.xx, matrix.yx, matrix.xy, matrix.yy));

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 /* Make sure the font matrix is invertible before setting it.  cairo
  * will blow up if we give it a matrix that's not invertible, so we
  * need to check before passing it to cairo_set_font_matrix. Ignoring it
  * is likely to give better results than not rendering anything at
  * all. See #18254.
  */
  invert_matrix = matrix;
  if (cairo_matrix_invert(&invert_matrix)) {
    warning("font matrix not invertible\n");
    return;
  }

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  cairo_set_font_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::updateRender(GfxState *state) {
  int rm;
  rm = state->getRender();
  if (rm == 7 && haveCSPattern) {
    haveCSPattern = gFalse;
    restoreState(state);
  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::doPath(cairo_t *cairo, GfxState *state, GfxPath *path) {
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  GfxSubpath *subpath;
  int i, j;
  for (i = 0; i < path->getNumSubpaths(); ++i) {
    subpath = path->getSubpath(i);
    if (subpath->getNumPoints() > 0) {
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      cairo_move_to (cairo, subpath->getX(0), subpath->getY(0));
         j = 1;
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      while (j < subpath->getNumPoints()) {
	if (subpath->getCurve(j)) {
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	  cairo_curve_to( cairo,
			  subpath->getX(j), subpath->getY(j),
			  subpath->getX(j+1), subpath->getY(j+1),
			  subpath->getX(j+2), subpath->getY(j+2));

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	  j += 3;
	} else {
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	  cairo_line_to (cairo, subpath->getX(j), subpath->getY(j));
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	  ++j;
	}
      }
      if (subpath->isClosed()) {
	LOG (printf ("close\n"));
	cairo_close_path (cairo);
      }
    }
  }
}

void CairoOutputDev::stroke(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_source (cairo, stroke_pattern);
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  LOG(printf ("stroke\n"));
  cairo_stroke (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_stroke (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::fill(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
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  cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
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  LOG(printf ("fill\n"));
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  //XXX: how do we get the path
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  cairo_fill (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::eoFill(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
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  cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
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  LOG(printf ("fill-eo\n"));
  cairo_fill (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
  }

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}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::axialShadedFill(GfxState *state, GfxAxialShading *shading, double tMin, double tMax) {
  double x0, y0, x1, y1;
  double dx, dy;

  shading->getCoords(&x0, &y0, &x1, &y1);
  dx = x1 - x0;
  dy = y1 - y0;

  cairo_pattern_destroy(fill_pattern);
  fill_pattern = cairo_pattern_create_linear (x0 + tMin * dx, y0 + tMin * dy,
					      x0 + tMax * dx, y0 + tMax * dy);

  // TODO: use the actual stops in the shading in the case
  // of linear interpolation (Type 2 Exponential functions with N=1)
  return gFalse;
}

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void CairoOutputDev::clip(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
  cairo_clip (cairo);
  LOG (printf ("clip\n"));
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
    cairo_clip (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::eoClip(GfxState *state) {
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  doPath (cairo, state, state->getPath());
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  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
  cairo_clip (cairo);
  LOG (printf ("clip-eo\n"));
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    doPath (cairo_shape, state, state->getPath());
    cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
    cairo_clip (cairo_shape);
  }

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}

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void CairoOutputDev::beginString(GfxState *state, GooString *s)
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{
  int len = s->getLength();
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  if (needFontUpdate)
    updateFont(state);

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  if (!currentFont)
    return;

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  glyphs = (cairo_glyph_t *) gmallocn (len, sizeof (cairo_glyph_t));
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  glyphCount = 0;
}

void CairoOutputDev::drawChar(GfxState *state, double x, double y,
			      double dx, double dy,
			      double originX, double originY,
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			      CharCode code, int nBytes, Unicode *u, int uLen)
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{
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  if (currentFont) {
    glyphs[glyphCount].index = currentFont->getGlyph (code, u, uLen);
    glyphs[glyphCount].x = x - originX;
    glyphs[glyphCount].y = y - originY;
    glyphCount++;
  }

  if (!text)
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    return;
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  actualText->addChar (state, x, y, dx, dy, code, nBytes, u, uLen);
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}

void CairoOutputDev::endString(GfxState *state)
{
  int render;

  if (!currentFont)
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    return;
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  // endString can be called without a corresponding beginString. If this
  // happens glyphs will be null so don't draw anything, just return.
  // XXX: OutputDevs should probably not have to deal with this...
  if (!glyphs)
    return;

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  // ignore empty strings and invisible text -- this is used by
  // Acrobat Capture
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  render = state->getRender();
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  if (render == 3 || glyphCount == 0) {
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    gfree(glyphs);
    glyphs = NULL;
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    return;
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  }
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  if (!(render & 1)) {
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    LOG (printf ("fill string\n"));
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    cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
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    cairo_show_glyphs (cairo, glyphs, glyphCount);
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    if (cairo_shape)
      cairo_show_glyphs (cairo_shape, glyphs, glyphCount);
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  }
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  // stroke
  if ((render & 3) == 1 || (render & 3) == 2) {
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    LOG (printf ("stroke string\n"));
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    cairo_set_source (cairo, stroke_pattern);
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    cairo_glyph_path (cairo, glyphs, glyphCount);
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    cairo_stroke (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_glyph_path (cairo_shape, glyphs, glyphCount);
      cairo_stroke (cairo_shape);
    }
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  }

  // clip
  if (render & 4) {
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    LOG (printf ("clip string\n"));
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    // append the glyph path to textClipPath.

    // set textClipPath as the currentPath
    if (textClipPath) {
      cairo_append_path (cairo, textClipPath);
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      if (cairo_shape) {
	cairo_append_path (cairo_shape, textClipPath);
      }
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      cairo_path_destroy (textClipPath);
    }
    
    // append the glyph path
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    cairo_glyph_path (cairo, glyphs, glyphCount);
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    // move the path back into textClipPath 
    // and clear the current path
    textClipPath = cairo_copy_path (cairo);
    cairo_new_path (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_new_path (cairo_shape);
    }
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  }
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  gfree (glyphs);
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  glyphs = NULL;
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}

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GBool CairoOutputDev::beginType3Char(GfxState *state, double x, double y,
				      double dx, double dy,
				      CharCode code, Unicode *u, int uLen) {
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  cairo_save (cairo);
  double *ctm;
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;

  ctm = state->getCTM();
  matrix.xx = ctm[0];
  matrix.yx = ctm[1];
  matrix.xy = ctm[2];
  matrix.yy = ctm[3];
  matrix.x0 = ctm[4];
  matrix.y0 = ctm[5];
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  /* Restore the original matrix and then transform to matrix needed for the
   * type3 font. This is ugly but seems to work. Perhaps there is a better way to do it?*/
  cairo_set_matrix(cairo, &orig_matrix);
  cairo_transform(cairo, &matrix);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_save (cairo_shape);
    cairo_set_matrix(cairo_shape, &orig_matrix);
    cairo_transform(cairo_shape, &matrix);
  }
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(stroke_pattern);
  cairo_pattern_reference(fill_pattern);
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  stroke_pattern = fill_pattern;
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  return gFalse;
}

void CairoOutputDev::endType3Char(GfxState *state) {
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  cairo_restore (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_restore (cairo_shape);
  }
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}

void CairoOutputDev::type3D0(GfxState *state, double wx, double wy) {
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  t3_glyph_wx = wx;
  t3_glyph_wy = wy;
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}

void CairoOutputDev::type3D1(GfxState *state, double wx, double wy,
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			     double llx, double lly, double urx, double ury) {
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  t3_glyph_wx = wx;
  t3_glyph_wy = wy;
  t3_glyph_bbox[0] = llx;
  t3_glyph_bbox[1] = lly;
  t3_glyph_bbox[2] = urx;
  t3_glyph_bbox[3] = ury;
  t3_glyph_has_bbox = gTrue;
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::beginTextObject(GfxState *state) {
  if (state->getFillColorSpace()->getMode() == csPattern) {
    haveCSPattern = gTrue;
    saveState(state);
    savedRender = state->getRender();
    state->setRender(7); // Set clip to text path
  }
}

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void CairoOutputDev::endTextObject(GfxState *state) {
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  if (haveCSPattern) {
    state->setRender(savedRender);
    haveCSPattern = gFalse;
    if (state->getFillColorSpace()->getMode() != csPattern) {
      if (textClipPath) {
	cairo_new_path (cairo);
	cairo_append_path (cairo, textClipPath);
	cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
	cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);
	cairo_fill (cairo);
	if (cairo_shape) {
	  cairo_new_path (cairo_shape);
	  cairo_append_path (cairo_shape, textClipPath);
	  cairo_set_fill_rule (cairo_shape, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
	  cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
	}
	cairo_path_destroy (textClipPath);
	textClipPath = NULL;
      }
      restoreState(state);
      updateFillColor(state);
    }
  }

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  if (textClipPath) {
    // clip the accumulated text path
    cairo_append_path (cairo, textClipPath);
    cairo_clip (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_append_path (cairo_shape, textClipPath);
      cairo_clip (cairo_shape);
    }
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    cairo_path_destroy (textClipPath);
    textClipPath = NULL;
  }
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::beginMarkedContent(char *name, Dict *properties)
{
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  if (text)
    actualText->beginMC(properties);
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}

void CairoOutputDev::endMarkedContent(GfxState *state)
{
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  if (text)
    actualText->endMC(state);
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}

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static inline int splashRound(SplashCoord x) {
  return (int)floor(x + 0.5);
}

static inline int splashCeil(SplashCoord x) {
  return (int)ceil(x);
}

static inline int splashFloor(SplashCoord x) {
  return (int)floor(x);
}

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static
cairo_surface_t *cairo_surface_create_similar_clip (cairo_t *cairo, cairo_content_t content)
{
  double x1, y1, x2, y2;
  int width, height;
  cairo_clip_extents (cairo, &x1, &y1, &x2, &y2);
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  cairo_get_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
  //cairo_matrix_transform_point(&matrix, &x1, &y1);
  //cairo_matrix_transform_point(&matrix, &x2, &y2);*/
  cairo_user_to_device(cairo, &x1, &y1);
  cairo_user_to_device(cairo, &x2, &y2);
  width = splashCeil(x2) - splashFloor(x1);
  //XXX: negative matrix
  ////height = splashCeil(y2) - splashFloor(y1);
  height = splashFloor(y1) - splashCeil(y2);
  cairo_surface_t *target = cairo_get_target (cairo);
  cairo_surface_t *result;

  result = cairo_surface_create_similar (target, content, width, height);
  double x_offset, y_offset;
    cairo_surface_get_device_offset(target, &x_offset, &y_offset);
    cairo_surface_set_device_offset(result, x_offset, y_offset);

 
  return result;
}



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void CairoOutputDev::beginTransparencyGroup(GfxState * /*state*/, double * /*bbox*/,
                                      GfxColorSpace * blendingColorSpace,
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                                      GBool /*isolated*/, GBool knockout,
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				      GBool forSoftMask) {
  /* push color space */
  ColorSpaceStack* css = new ColorSpaceStack;
  css->cs = blendingColorSpace;
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  css->knockout = knockout;
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  css->next = groupColorSpaceStack;
  groupColorSpaceStack = css;
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  if (knockout) {
    knockoutCount++;
    if (!cairo_shape) {
      /* create a surface for tracking the shape */
      cairo_surface_t *cairo_shape_surface = cairo_surface_create_similar_clip (cairo, CAIRO_CONTENT_ALPHA);
      cairo_shape = cairo_create (cairo_shape_surface);
      cairo_surface_destroy (cairo_shape_surface);

      /* the color doesn't matter as long as it is opaque */
      cairo_set_source_rgb (cairo_shape, 0, 0, 0);
      cairo_matrix_t matrix;
      cairo_get_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
      //printMatrix(&matrix);
      cairo_set_matrix (cairo_shape, &matrix);
    } else {
      cairo_reference (cairo_shape);
    }
  }
  if (groupColorSpaceStack->next && groupColorSpaceStack->next->knockout) {
    /* we need to track the shape */
    cairo_push_group (cairo_shape);
  }
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  if (0 && forSoftMask)
    cairo_push_group_with_content (cairo, CAIRO_CONTENT_ALPHA);
  else
    cairo_push_group (cairo);
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  /* push_group has an implicit cairo_save() */
  if (knockout) {
    /*XXX: let's hope this matches the semantics needed */
    cairo_set_operator(cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_SOURCE);
  } else {
    cairo_set_operator(cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_OVER);
  }
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::endTransparencyGroup(GfxState * /*state*/) {
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  if (group)
    cairo_pattern_destroy(group);
  group = cairo_pop_group (cairo);
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  if (groupColorSpaceStack->next && groupColorSpaceStack->next->knockout) {
    if (shape)
      cairo_pattern_destroy(shape);
    shape = cairo_pop_group (cairo_shape);
  }
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::paintTransparencyGroup(GfxState * /*state*/, double * /*bbox*/) {
  cairo_set_source (cairo, group);

  if (!mask) {
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    //XXX: deal with mask && shape case
    if (shape) {
      cairo_save (cairo);

      /* OPERATOR_SOURCE w/ a mask is defined as (src IN mask) ADD (dest OUT mask)
       * however our source has already been clipped to mask so we only need to
       * do ADD and OUT */

      /* clear the shape mask */
      cairo_set_source (cairo, shape);
      cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_DEST_OUT);
      cairo_paint (cairo);

      cairo_set_operator (cairo, CAIRO_OPERATOR_ADD);
      cairo_set_source (cairo, group);
      cairo_paint (cairo);

      cairo_restore (cairo);

      cairo_pattern_destroy (shape);
      shape = NULL;
    } else {
      cairo_paint_with_alpha (cairo, fill_opacity);
    }
    cairo_status_t status = cairo_status(cairo);
    if (status)
      printf("BAD status: %s\n", cairo_status_to_string(status));
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  } else {
    cairo_mask(cairo, mask);

    cairo_pattern_destroy(mask);
    mask = NULL;
  }

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  popTransparencyGroup();
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}

typedef unsigned int uint32_t;

static uint32_t luminocity(uint32_t x)
{
  int r = (x >> 16) & 0xff;
  int g = (x >>  8) & 0xff;
  int b = (x >>  0) & 0xff;
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  // an arbitrary integer approximation of .3*r + .59*g + .11*b
  int y = (r*19661+g*38666+b*7209 + 32829)>>16;
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  return y << 24;
}


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/* XXX: do we need to deal with shape here? */
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void CairoOutputDev::setSoftMask(GfxState * state, double * bbox, GBool alpha,
                                 Function * transferFunc, GfxColor * backdropColor) {
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  cairo_pattern_destroy(mask);

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  if (alpha == false) {
    /* We need to mask according to the luminocity of the group.
     * So we paint the group to an image surface convert it to a luminocity map
     * and then use that as the mask. */

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    double x1, y1, x2, y2, tmp;
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    cairo_clip_extents(cairo, &x1, &y1, &x2, &y2);
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    cairo_user_to_device(cairo, &x1, &y1);
    cairo_user_to_device(cairo, &x2, &y2);
    if (x1 > x2) {
      tmp = x1;
      x1 = x2;
      x2 = tmp;
    }

    if (y1 > y2) {
      tmp = y1;
      y1 = y2;
      y2 = tmp;
    }

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    int width = (int)(ceil(x2) - floor(x1));
    int height = (int)(ceil(y2) - floor(y1));
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    cairo_surface_t *source = cairo_image_surface_create(CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32, width, height);
    cairo_t *maskCtx = cairo_create(source);

    //XXX: hopefully this uses the correct color space */
    GfxRGB backdropColorRGB;
    groupColorSpaceStack->cs->getRGB(backdropColor, &backdropColorRGB);
    /* paint the backdrop */
    cairo_set_source_rgb(maskCtx, backdropColorRGB.r / 65535.0,
			 backdropColorRGB.g / 65535.0,
			 backdropColorRGB.b / 65535.0);


    cairo_matrix_t mat;
    cairo_get_matrix(cairo, &mat);
    cairo_set_matrix(maskCtx, &mat);

    /* make the device offset of the new mask match that of the group */
    double x_offset, y_offset;
    cairo_surface_t *pats;
    cairo_pattern_get_surface(group, &pats);
    cairo_surface_get_device_offset(pats, &x_offset, &y_offset);
    cairo_surface_set_device_offset(source, x_offset, y_offset);

    /* paint the group */
    cairo_set_source(maskCtx, group);
    cairo_paint(maskCtx);

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    /* XXX status = cairo_status(maskCtx); */
    cairo_destroy(maskCtx);

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    /* convert to a luminocity map */
    uint32_t *source_data = (uint32_t*)cairo_image_surface_get_data(source);
    /* get stride in units of 32 bits */
    int stride = cairo_image_surface_get_stride(source)/4;
    for (int y=0; y<height; y++) {
      for (int x=0; x<width; x++) {
	source_data[y*stride + x] = luminocity(source_data[y*stride + x]);

#if 0
	here is how splash deals with the transferfunction we should deal with this
	  at some point
	if (transferFunc) {
	  transferFunc->transform(&lum, &lum2);
	} else {
	  lum2 = lum;
	}
	p[x] = (int)(lum2 * 255.0 + 0.5);
#endif

      }
    }

    /* setup the new mask pattern */
    mask = cairo_pattern_create_for_surface(source);
    cairo_matrix_t patMatrix;
    cairo_pattern_get_matrix(group, &patMatrix);
    cairo_pattern_set_matrix(mask, &patMatrix);

    cairo_surface_destroy(source);
  } else {
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    mask = cairo_pattern_reference(group);
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  }
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  popTransparencyGroup();
}

void CairoOutputDev::popTransparencyGroup() {
  /* pop color space */
  ColorSpaceStack *css = groupColorSpaceStack;
  if (css->knockout) {
    knockoutCount--;
    if (!knockoutCount) {
      /* we don't need to track the shape anymore because
       * we are not above any knockout groups */
      cairo_destroy(cairo_shape);
      cairo_shape = NULL;
    }
  }
  groupColorSpaceStack = css->next;
  delete css;
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}

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void CairoOutputDev::clearSoftMask(GfxState * /*state*/) {
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  if (mask)
    cairo_pattern_destroy(mask);
  mask = NULL;
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}
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void CairoOutputDev::endMaskClip(GfxState *state) {
  clearSoftMask(state);
}

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void CairoOutputDev::drawImageMask(GfxState *state, Object *ref, Stream *str,
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				   int width, int height, GBool invert,
				   GBool interpolate, GBool inlineImg) {
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  /* FIXME: Doesn't the image mask support any colorspace? */
  cairo_set_source (cairo, fill_pattern);

  /* work around a cairo bug when scaling 1x1 surfaces */
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  if (width == 1 && height == 1) {
    cairo_save (cairo);
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    cairo_rectangle (cairo, 0., 0., width, height);
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    cairo_fill (cairo);
    cairo_restore (cairo);
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    if (cairo_shape) {
      cairo_save (cairo_shape);
      cairo_rectangle (cairo_shape, 0., 0., width, height);
      cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
      cairo_restore (cairo_shape);
    }
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    return;
  }

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  /* shape is 1.0 for painted areas, 0.0 for unpainted ones */

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  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  cairo_get_matrix (cairo, &matrix);
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  //XXX: it is possible that we should only do sub pixel positioning if 
  // we are rendering fonts */
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  if (!printing && prescaleImages && matrix.xy == 0.0 && matrix.yx == 0.0) {
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    drawImageMaskPrescaled(state, ref, str, width, height, invert, interpolate, inlineImg);
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  } else {
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    drawImageMaskRegular(state, ref, str, width, height, invert, interpolate, inlineImg);
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  }
}

void CairoOutputDev::drawImageMaskRegular(GfxState *state, Object *ref, Stream *str,
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					  int width, int height, GBool invert,
					  GBool interpolate, GBool inlineImg) {
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  unsigned char *buffer;
  unsigned char *dest;
  cairo_surface_t *image;
  cairo_pattern_t *pattern;
  int x, y;
  ImageStream *imgStr;
  Guchar *pix;
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  int invert_bit;
  int row_stride;

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  /* TODO: Do we want to cache these? */
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  imgStr = new ImageStream(str, width, 1, 1);
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  imgStr->reset();

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  image = cairo_image_surface_create (CAIRO_FORMAT_A8, width, height);
  if (cairo_surface_status (image))
    goto cleanup;

  buffer = cairo_image_surface_get_data (image);
  row_stride = cairo_image_surface_get_stride (image);

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  invert_bit = invert ? 1 : 0;

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  for (y = 0; y < height; y++) {
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    pix = imgStr->getLine();
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    dest = buffer + y * row_stride;
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    for (x = 0; x < width; x++) {
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      if (pix[x] ^ invert_bit)
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	*dest++ = 0;
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      else
	*dest++ = 255;
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    }
  }

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  pattern = cairo_pattern_create_for_surface (image);
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  cairo_surface_destroy (image);
  if (cairo_pattern_status (pattern))
    goto cleanup;
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  LOG (printf ("drawImageMask %dx%d\n", width, height));
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  /* we should actually be using CAIRO_FILTER_NEAREST here. However,
   * cairo doesn't yet do minifaction filtering causing scaled down
   * images with CAIRO_FILTER_NEAREST to look really bad */
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  cairo_pattern_set_filter (pattern,
			    interpolate ? CAIRO_FILTER_BEST : CAIRO_FILTER_FAST);
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  cairo_pattern_set_extend (pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_PAD);
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  cairo_matrix_init_translate (&matrix, 0, height);
  cairo_matrix_scale (&matrix, width, -height);
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  cairo_pattern_set_matrix (pattern, &matrix);
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  cairo_save (cairo);
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  cairo_rectangle (cairo, 0., 0., 1., 1.);
  cairo_clip (cairo);
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  cairo_mask (cairo, pattern);
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  cairo_restore (cairo);
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  if (cairo_shape) {
    cairo_save (cairo_shape);
    cairo_set_source (cairo_shape, pattern);
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    cairo_rectangle (cairo_shape, 0., 0., 1., 1.);
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    cairo_fill (cairo_shape);
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    cairo_restore (cairo_shape);
  }

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  cairo_pattern_destroy (pattern);
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cleanup:
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  imgStr->close();
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  delete imgStr;
}


void CairoOutputDev::drawImageMaskPrescaled(GfxState *state, Object *ref, Stream *str,
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					    int width, int height, GBool invert,
					    GBool interpolate, GBool inlineImg) {
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  unsigned char *buffer;
  cairo_surface_t *image;
  cairo_pattern_t *pattern;
  ImageStream *imgStr;
  Guchar *pix;
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  int invert_bit;
  int row_stride;

  /* cairo does a very poor job of scaling down images so we scale them ourselves */

  /* this scaling code is adopted from the splash image scaling code */
  cairo_get_matrix(cairo, &matrix);
#if 0
  printf("[%f %f], [%f %f], %f %f\n", matrix.xx, matrix.xy, matrix.yx, matrix.yy, matrix.x0, matrix.y0);
#endif
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  /* this whole computation should be factored out */
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  double xScale = matrix.xx;
  double yScale = matrix.yy;
  int tx, tx2, ty, ty2; /* the integer co-oridinates of the resulting image */
  int scaledHeight;
  int scaledWidth;
  if (xScale >= 0) {
    tx = splashRound(matrix.x0 - 0.01);
    tx2 = splashRound(matrix.x0 + xScale + 0.01) - 1;
  } else {
    tx = splashRound(matrix.x0 + 0.01) - 1;
    tx2 = splashRound(matrix.x0 + xScale - 0.01);
  }
  scaledWidth = abs(tx2 - tx) + 1;
  //scaledWidth = splashRound(fabs(xScale));
  if (scaledWidth == 0) {
    // technically, this should draw nothing, but it generally seems
    // better to draw a one-pixel-wide stripe rather than throwing it
    // away
    scaledWidth = 1;
  }
  if (yScale >= 0) {
    ty = splashFloor(matrix.y0 + 0.01);
    ty2 = splashCeil(matrix.y0 + yScale - 0.01);
  } else {
    ty = splashCeil(matrix.y0 - 0.01);
    ty2 = splashFloor(matrix.y0 + yScale + 0.01);
  }
  scaledHeight = abs(ty2 - ty);
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  if (scaledHeight == 0) {
    scaledHeight = 1;
  }
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#if 0
  printf("xscale: %g, yscale: %g\n", xScale, yScale);
  printf("width: %d, height: %d\n", width, height);
  printf("scaledWidth: %d, scaledHeight: %d\n", scaledWidth, scaledHeight);
#endif

  /* compute the required padding */
  /* Padding is used to preserve the aspect ratio.
     We compute total_pad to make (height+total_pad)/scaledHeight as close to height/yScale as possible */
  int head_pad = 0;
  int tail_pad = 0;
  int total_pad = splashRound(height*(scaledHeight/fabs(yScale)) - height);

  /* compute the two pieces of padding */
  if (total_pad > 0) {
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    //XXX: i'm not positive fabs() is correct
    float tail_error = fabs(matrix.y0 - ty);
    float head_error = fabs(ty2 - (matrix.y0 + yScale));
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    float tail_fraction = tail_error/(tail_error + head_error);
    tail_pad = splashRound(total_pad*tail_fraction);
    head_pad = total_pad - tail_pad;
  } else {
    tail_pad = 0;
    head_pad = 0;
  }
  int origHeight = height;
  height += tail_pad;
  height += head_pad;
#if 0
  printf("head_pad: %d tail_pad: %d\n", head_pad, tail_pad);
  printf("origHeight: %d height: %d\n", origHeight, height);
  printf("ty: %d, ty2: %d\n", ty, ty2);
#endif

  /* TODO: Do we want to cache these? */
  imgStr = new ImageStream(str, width, 1, 1);
  imgStr->reset();

  invert_bit = invert ? 1 : 0;

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  image = cairo_image_surface_create (CAIRO_FORMAT_A8, scaledWidth, scaledHeight);
  if (cairo_surface_status (image)) {
    imgStr->close();
    delete imgStr;
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    return;
  }

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  buffer = cairo_image_surface_get_data (image);
  row_stride = cairo_image_surface_get_stride (image);

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